Chapter published in:Task-Based Approaches to Teaching and Assessing Pragmatics
Edited by Naoko Taguchi and YouJin Kim
[Task-Based Language Teaching 10] 2018
► pp. 138–157
Chapter 6Developing pragmatic competence through tasks in EFL contexts
Does proficiency play a role?
Although task-based language teaching, on the one hand, and teaching pragmatics on the other, are not considered to be new trends anymore, there is still a gap in the research regarding how pragmatic features can be taught using a task-based approach. To fill the gap, the present study examines whether speech acts of apology, justification, and thanking are teachable through tasks in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) contexts. The study further investigates the role of L2 proficiency in the development of pragmatic awareness. The participants are 38 third-year university students in Spain who are enrolled in English for the Media course with two different levels of proficiency in English (B1 and C1 on the CEFR). The experiment consists of a pretest involving e-mail writing tasks and a posttest. Pretest/posttest tasks are analysed by rating the appropriateness of speech acts of apology, justification, and thanking on a six-point appropriateness scale and on grammar scales. Results display some positive effects of the task-based instruction on the learning of pragmatics in both proficiency groups. However, the results of the posttests for the grammar scales and the overall gains did not correlate with the proficiency scores, which suggests that L2 development of pragmatics cannot be fully attributed to L2 learners’ proficiency.
- TBLT and pragmatics
- Speech acts as a measure of pragmatic knowledge
- Proficiency in TBLT and L2 pragmatics studies
- Purpose of the study and research questions
- Materials and procedure
- Proficiency test
- Test tasks
- Treatment tasks
- Data coding and analysis
- Research Question 1
- Research Question 2
- Research Question 3
- Limitations and future research
Published online: 15 August 2018
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Cited by 2 other publications
Fakher Ajabshir, Zahra
Lin, Ming-Fang & Yu-Fang Wang
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