Chapter published in:
The Development of Prosody in First Language Acquisition
Edited by Pilar Prieto and Núria Esteve-Gibert
[Trends in Language Acquisition Research 23] 2018
► pp. 125144


Abercrombie, D.
(1967) Elements of general phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Allen G. D.
(1983) Some suprasegmental contours in French two-year-old children’s speech. Phonetica, 40, 269–292. Crossref link
Allen, G. D., & Hawkins, S.
(1978) The development of phonological rhythm. In A. Bell, & J. Hooper (Eds.), Syllables and segments (pp.172–185). Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing.
(1980) Phonological rhythm: Definition and development. In G. H. Yeni-Komshian, J. F. Kavanagh, & C. A. Ferguson (Eds.), Child phonology. Volume 1: Production (pp.227–256). New York, NY: Academic Press.Crossref link
Armstrong, L.
(1932) The phonetics of French. London: G. Bell and Sons.
Arvaniti, A.
(2012) The usefulness of metrics in the quantification of speech rhythm. Journal of Phonetics, 40, 351–373. Crossref link
Astruc, L., Payne, E., Post, B., Vanrell, M. M., & Prieto, P.
(2013) Tonal targets in early child Catalan, Spanish, and English. Language and Speech, 56(2), 229–253. Crossref link
Bertinetto, P. M.
(1981) Strutture prosodiche dell’italiano. Firenze: Accademia della Crusca.
Bialystok, E., Luk, G., Peets, K. F., & Yang, S.
(2010) Receptive vocabulary differences in monolingual and bilingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 13(4), 525–531. Crossref link
Bunta, F., & Ingram, D.
(2007) The acquisition of speech rhythm by bilingual Spanish- and English-speaking 4- and 5-year-old children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 50(4), 999–1014. Crossref link
Chen, A., & Fikkert, P.
(2007 ) Intonation of early two-word utterances in Dutch. Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences – Saarbrücken, 315–320.
Cummins, F.
(2015) Rhythm and speech. In M. A. Redford (Ed.), The handbook of speech production (pp.158–177). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
Cutler, A.
(1976) Phoneme-monitoring reaction time as a function of preceding intonation contour. Perception and Psychophysics, 20, 55–60. Crossref link
(1991) Linguistic rhythm and speech segmentation. In J. Sundberg, L. Nord, & R. Carlson (Eds.), Music, language, speech and brain (pp.157–166). London: Macmillan. Crossref link
Cutler, A., & Foss, D. J.
(1977) On the role of sentence stress in sentence processing. Language and Speech, 21, 1–10 Crossref link
Dasher, R., & Bolinger, D.
(1982) On pre-accentual lengthening. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 12, 58–71. Crossref link
Dauer, R. M.
(1983) Stress-timing and syllable-timing reanalyzed. Journal of Phonetics, 11, 51–62.
(1987) Phonetic and phonological components of language rhythm. Proceedings of the 11th ICPhS – Tallinn, 447–450.
Davis, B. L., MacNeilage, P. F., & Matyear, C. L.
(2002) Acquisition of serial complexity in speech production: A comparison of phonetic and phonological approaches to first word production. Phonetica, 59, 75–109. Crossref link
Delattre, P.
(1966) A comparison of syllable length conditioning among languages. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 4, 183–198. Crossref link
(1969) An acoustic and articulatory study of vowel reduction in four languages. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 7, 295–325. Crossref link
DePaolis, R. A., Vihman, M. M., & Kunnari, S.
(2008) Prosody in production at the onset of word use: A cross-linguistic study. Journal of Phonetics, 36, 406–426. Crossref link
Echols, C., Crowhurst, M., & Childers, C.
(1997) Perception of rhythmic units in speech by infants and adults, Journal of Memory and Language, 36, 202–225. Crossref link
Grabe, E., Gut, U., Post, B., & Watson, I.
(2001) The acquisition of rhythm in English, French and German. Proceedings of the Child Language Seminar 1999 – London, 156–162.
Grabe, E., & Low, E. L.
(2002) Durational variability in speech and the rhythm class hypothesis. In C. Gussenhoven, & N. Warner (Eds.), Papers in Laboratory Phonology 7 (pp.515–546). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Grabe, E., Watson, I., & Post, B.
(1999) The acquisition of rhythmic patterns in English and French. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences – San Francisco, 1201–1204.
Hallé, P., de Boysson-Bardies, B., & Vihman, M.
(1991) Beginnings of prosodic organisation: Intonation and duration patterns of disyllables produced by Japanese and French infants. Language and Speech, 34(4), 299–318.Crossref link
Hawkins, S.
(2014) Situational influences on rhythmicity in speech, music, and their interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 369, 20130398. Crossref link
Hawkins, S., Cross I., & Ogden, R.
(2013) Communicative interaction in spontaneous music and speech. In M. Orwin, C. Howes, & R. Kempson (Eds.), Language, music and interaction, (pp. 285–329). London: College Publications.
Huggins, A. W. F.
(1972) On the perception of temporal phenomena in speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 51, 1279–1290. Crossref link
Johnson, E., & Jusczyk, P.
(2001) Word segmentation by 8-month-olds: When speech cues count for more than statistics. Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 548–567. Crossref link
Jusczyk, P.
(1997) The discovery of spoken language. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
(1999) How infants begin to extract words from fluent speech. Trends in Cognitive Science, 3, 323–328. Crossref link
Jusczyk, P., Houston, D., & Newsome, M.
(1999) The beginnings of word segmentation in English-learning infants. Cognitive Psychology, 39, 159–207. Crossref link
Kehoe, M., Lleó, C., & Rakow, M.
(2011) Speech rhythm in the pronunciation of German and Spanish monolingual and German-Spanish bilingual 3-year-olds. Linguistische Berichte, 227, 323–351.
Konopczynski, G.
(1995) A developmental model of acquisition of rhythmic patterns: Results from a cross-linguistic study. Proceedings of the Intonational Congress of Phonetic Sciences – Stockholm, Vol. 4, 22–25.
Ladefoged, P.
(1975) A course in phonetics (1st. ed.). New York, NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Li, A., & Post, B.
(2014) L2 acquisition of prosodic properties of speech rhythm: Evidence from L1 Mandarin and German learners of English. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 36(2), 223–255. Crossref link
Lleó, C., Rakow, M., & Kehoe, M.
(2007) Acquiring rhythmically different languages in a bilingual context. Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences – Saarbrücken, 1545–1548.
Lloyd James, A.
(1940) Speech signals in telephony. London: Pitman and Son.
Low, E. L., Grabe, E., & Nolan F.
(2000) Quantitative characterisations of speech rhythm: “Syllable-timing” in Singapore English. Language and Speech, 43(1), 377–401.
Mok, P.
(2011) The acquisition of speech rhythm by three-year-old bilingual and monolingual children: Cantonese and English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 14(4), 458–472. Crossref link
(2013) Speech rhythm of monolingual and bilingual children at 2;06: Cantonese and English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16, 693–703. Crossref link
Morgan. J. L.
(1986) From simple input to complex grammar. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Nazzi, T., Bertoncini, J., & Mehler, J.
(1998) Language discrimination by newborns: Towards an understanding of the role of rhythm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24, 756–766.
Nazzi, T., Jusczyk, P. W., & Johnson, E. K.
(2000) Language discrimination by English learning 5-month-olds: Effects of rhythm and familiarity. Journal of Memory and Language, 43, 1–19. Crossref link
Nazzi, T., & Ramus, F.
(2003) Perception and acquisition of linguistic rhythm by infants. Speech Communication, 41, 233–243. Crossref link
Nolan, F., & Jeon, H.-S.
(2014) Speech rhythm: A metaphor? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 369, 20130396. Crossref link
Ordin, M., & Polyanskaya, L.
(2014) Development of timing patterns in first and second languages. System, 42, 244–257. Crossref link
Paradis, J.
(2001) Do bilingual two-year-olds have separate phonological systems. International Journal of Bilingualism, 5(1), 19–38. Crossref link
Payne, E., Post, B., Astruc, L., Prieto, P., & Vanrell, M. M.
(2010) Rhythmic modification in child directed speech. In M. Russo (Ed.), Prosodic Universals. Comparative Studies in Rhythmic Modeling and Rhythm Typology (pp.147–184). Roma: Aracne Editrice.
Payne, E., Post, B., Prieto, P., Vanrell, M. M., & Astruc, L.
(2012) Measuring child rhythm. Language and Speech, 55, 202–228. Crossref link
Phillips-Silver, J., & Trainor, L. J.
(2005) Feeling the beat: Movement influences infant rhythm perception. Science, 308, 1483. Crossref link
Pike, J. L.
(1945) The intonation of American English. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Prieto, P., & Vanrell, M. M.
(2009) L’adquisició de l’entonació del català. In Devís, E., & Carol, L. (Eds.), Studi catalani. Suoni e parole (pp.67–82). Bologna: Bononia University Press.
Prieto, P., Vanrell, M. M., Astruc, L., Payne, E., & Post, B.
(2012) Phonotactic and phrasal properties of speech rhythm. Evidence from Catalan, English, and Spanish. Speech Communication, 54(6), 681–702. Crossref link
Ramus, F.
(2002) Language discrimination by newborns: Teasing apart phonotactic, rhythmic, and intonational cues. Annual Review of Language Acquisition, 2, 85–115. Crossref link
Ramus, F., Dupoux, E., & Mehler, J.
(2003) The psychological reality of rhythm classes: Perceptual studies. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences – Barcelona, 337–342.
Ramus, F., Hauser, M., Miller, C., Morris, D., & Mehler, J.
(2000) Language discrimination by human newborns and by cotton-top tamarin monkeys. Science, 288(5464), 349–351. Crossref link
Ramus, F., & Mehler, J.
(1999) Language identification with suprasegmental cues: A study based on speech resynthesis, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 105(1), 512–521. Crossref link
Ramus, F., & Nespor, M., & Mehler, J.
(1999) Correlates of linguistic rhythm in the speech signal, Cognition, 73, 265–292. Crossref link
Rathcke, T., & Smith, R.
(2015) Speech timing and linguistic rhythm: On the acoustic bases of rhythm typologies. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 137, 2834–2845. Crossref link
Roach, P.
(1982) On the distinction between ‘stress-timed’ and ‘syllable-timed’ languages. In D. Crystal (Ed.), Linguistic controversies (pp.73–79). London: Edward Arnold.
Schmidt, A-E., & Post, B.
(2015a) Language interaction in the development of speech rhythm in simultaneous bilinguals. In E. Delais-Roussarie, M. Avanzi, & S. Herment (Eds.), Prosody and language in contact (pp.271–291). Heidelberg: Springer.
(2015b) The development of prosodic features and their contribution to rhythm production in simultaneous bilinguals. Language and Speech, 58(1), 24–47. Crossref link
Shields, J. L., McHugh, A., & Martin, J. G.
(1974) Reaction time to phoneme targets as a function of rhythmic cues in continuous speech. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 102(2), 250–255. Crossref link
Snow, D.
(1994) Phrase-final syllable lengthening and intonation in early child speech. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 37, 831–840. Crossref link
Vihman, M. M.
(2014) Phonological development: The origins of language in the child. Oxford: Blackwell.
Vihman, M. M., Davis, B. L., & DePaolis, R. A.
(1995) Prosodic analysis of babbling and first words: A comparison of English and French. Proceedings of the XIIIth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences – Stockholm, Vol. 4, 14–27.
Vihman, M. M., Nakai, S., & DePaolis, R. A.
(2006) Getting the rhythm right: A cross-linguistic study of segmental duration in babbling and first words. In L. Goldstein, D. Whalen, & C. Best (Eds.), Laboratory phonology 8: Phonology and phonetics (pp.341–366). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Whalen, D. H., Levitt, A. G., & Wang, Q.
(1991) Intonational differences between the reduplicative babbling of French-and English-learning infants. Journal of Child Language, 18(3), 501–516. Crossref link
White, L.
(2014) Communicative function and prosodic form in speech timing. Speech Communication, 63–64, 38–54. Crossref link
White, L., Delle Luche, C., & Floccia, C.
(2016) Five-month-old infants’ discrimination of unfamiliar languages does not accord with “rhythm class”. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2016 – Boston, 567–571.Crossref link
White, L., Floccia, C., Goslin, J., & Butler, J.
(2014) Utterance-final lengthening is predictive of infants’ discrimination of English accents. Language Learning, 64, 27–44. Crossref link
White, L., Mattys, S. L., & Wiget, L.
(2012) Language categorization by adults is based on sensitivity to durational cues, not rhythm class. Journal of Memory and Language, 66, 665–679. Crossref link
Whitworth, N.
(2002) Speech rhythm production in three German-English bilingual families. Leeds Working Papers in Linguistics and Phonetics, 9, 175–205.