This chapter concerns various atypical conditions in children and how
the development of prosody may be affected in them. Methods for
evaluating prosodic ability are considered, taking into account
receptive and expressive ability. Brief summaries of research into
several conditions in which prosodic development is affected are
given, including hearing impairment, language disorder, Down
syndrome, childhood onset fluency disorder, Williams syndrome and a
more detailed treatment of autism spectrum disorder. The chapter
concludes with a brief summary of current strategies for
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