Article published in:Information Structure and Reference Tracking in Complex Sentences
Edited by Rik van Gijn, Jeremy Hammond, Dejan Matić, Saskia van Putten and Ana Vilacy Galucio
[Typological Studies in Language 105] 2014
► pp. 45–70
Subordinate clauses and exclusive focus in Makhuwa
In Makhuwa the element immediately after the conjoint verb form is interpreted as exclusive focus (Van der Wal 2011). This paper shows that the relation between the conjoint verb form and focus in Immediate After Verb (IAV) position holds not only for nouns and simple adverbs, but also for adverbial subordinate clauses with a relative or Situative verb, which are clearly focused when they follow a conjoint verb form. I propose that the reason that sentential complements do not receive a focus interpretation in the same position is due to the absence of internal information structure in the adverbial clauses. Hence, adverbial clauses but not complement clauses function as a single integrated informational unit in the information structure of the main clause. Keywords: Makhuwa; exclusive focus; subordinate clause; information structure
Published online: 05 March 2014
Bennett, Patrick R., Biersteker, Ann J., Gikonyo, Waithira L., Herschberg, Susan, Kamande, Joel, Harford, Carolyn & Swearingen, Martha.
2007 Evaluating the immediate postverbal position as a focus position in Zulu. In Selected Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference on African Linguistics: Linguistic Theory and African Language Documentation , Masangu Matondo, Fiona Mc Laughlin & Eric Potsdam (eds), 166-172. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
1984 How people use adverbial clauses. In Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society , 437-449.
Cheng, Lisa L.-S. & Downing, Laura J..
Doke, Clement M..
Harris, Alice C. & Campbell, Lyle.
1995 The converb as a cross-linguistically valid category. In Haspelmath & König (eds), 1-55.
Haspelmath, Martin & König, Ekkehard (eds).
Hooper, Joan & Thompson, Sandra A..
Hyman, Larry M. & Polinsky, Maria.
1995 The meaning of converb constructions. In Haspelmath & König (eds), 57-96.
Nedjalkov, Vladimir P..
1995 Some typological parameters of converbs. In Haspelmath & König (eds), 97-136.
Thompson, Sandra A..
Thompson, Sandra A., Longacre, Robert E. & Hwang, Shin Ja J..
Van der Wal, Jenneke.
Van der Wal, Jenneke & Veenstra, Tonjes.
Cited by 2 other publications
van der Wal, Jenneke & Tonjes Veenstra
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 05 july 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.