The Morphosyntax of the Experiencer in Early Vedic
This paper examines the encoding of Experiencer arguments in Early Vedic, the earliest attested stage of Indo-Aryan. Although Experiential predicates show a broad variety of case-marking patterns in this language, the Experiencer is primarily expressed by the nominative, the accusative or the dative. In this respect, this semantic role differs from other roles like Agent, Patient, Recipient or Benefactive which show a more restricted range of case-marking options. Examining the distribution of the three Experiencer constructions, I demonstrate that there is a strong tendency in Early Vedic for the Experiencer to be construed as subject with Experiential verbs, although some experiential verbs show an inverted argument realization construction, where the Stimulus is expressed as subject and the Experiencer as object. Keywords: Vedic Sanskrit; Experiencer; Proto-Roles; Argument realization; Case-marking
1998 Le marquage de l’experient dans les langues de l’Europe
. In Actance et valence dans les langues de l’Europe
[Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 20–2
], Jack Feuillet
(ed.), 259–294. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2010 Time, Tense and Aspect in Early Vedic Grammar. Exploring Inflectional Semantics in the Rigveda
. Leiden: Brill.
Forthcoming. ‘Aspects of the morphosyntax and semantics of the Early Vedic -tá participle and its prehistory’
. In Ergativity in Indo-Aryan. Selected papers from the workshop on Ergativity in Indo-Aryan at the SLE 43rd annual meeting
[Typological Studies in Language
], Eystein Dahl
and Krzysztof Stroński
(eds) Amsterdam John Benjamins
Dahl, Eystein & Fedriani, Chiara
2012 The argument structure of experience: Experiential constructions in Early Vedic, Homeric Greek and Early Latin
. Transactions of the Philological Society
1888 Altindische Syntax
. Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
Dik, Simon C
1997 The Theory of Functional Grammar, Part 1: The Structure of the Clause
, 2nd edn. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
1991 Thematic proto-roles and argument selection
2005 A frame-based approach to case alternations: The swarm-class verbs in Czech
. Cognitive Linguistics
2005 The Lattice of Case and Agentivity
. MSc Dissertation, University of Amsterdam.
2009 Non-canonical subjects and alignment change – where’s the connection?
Handout from the Workshop ‘Reconstructing Alignment Systems’ May 14–15, 2009.
Hock, Hans H
1991 Oblique Subjects in Sanskrit?
In Experiencer Subjects in South Asian Languages
, Manindra K. Verma
& Karuvannur Puthanveettil Mohanan
(eds), 119–139. Stanford CA: CSLI.
1985 Toward a Discourse Grammar of the Rigveda, Vol. 1: Coordinate Conjunctions
, Part 1. Heidelberg: Carl Winter.
2012 The Vedic -ya-presents. Passives and Intransitivity in Old Indo-Aryan
. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
1991 Predicate classes and PARTICIPATION
. In Partizipation: Das sprachliche Erfassen von Sachverhalten
, Hansjakob Seiler
& Waldfried Premper
(eds), 183–239. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.
Levin, Beth & Rappaport Hovav, Malka
2005 Argument Realization
. Cambridge: CUP.
1999 Cases and Thematic Roles: Ergative, Accusative and Active
. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
Smith, Michael B
1993 Cases as conceptual categories: Evidence from German
. In Conceptualizations and Mental Processes in Language
[Cognitive Linguistic Research 3
], Richard A. Geiger
& Brygida Rudzka-Ostyn
(eds), 531–566. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Van Valin Jr., Robert D
2005 Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface
. Cambridge: CUP.
Cited by 2 other publications
. <i>Perspectives on Semantic Roles</i>
. ENGLISH LINGUISTICS
pp. 567 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 11 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.