Article published in:Perspectives on Semantic Roles
Edited by Silvia Luraghi and Heiko Narrog
[Typological Studies in Language 106] 2014
► pp. 181–204
The Morphosyntax of the Experiencer in Early Vedic
This paper examines the encoding of Experiencer arguments in Early Vedic, the earliest attested stage of Indo-Aryan. Although Experiential predicates show a broad variety of case-marking patterns in this language, the Experiencer is primarily expressed by the nominative, the accusative or the dative. In this respect, this semantic role differs from other roles like Agent, Patient, Recipient or Benefactive which show a more restricted range of case-marking options. Examining the distribution of the three Experiencer constructions, I demonstrate that there is a strong tendency in Early Vedic for the Experiencer to be construed as subject with Experiential verbs, although some experiential verbs show an inverted argument realization construction, where the Stimulus is expressed as subject and the Experiencer as object. Keywords: Vedic Sanskrit; Experiencer; Proto-Roles; Argument realization; Case-marking
Published online: 19 August 2014
Forthcoming. ‘Aspects of the morphosyntax and semantics of the Early Vedic -tá participle and its prehistory’. In Ergativity in Indo-Aryan. Selected papers from the workshop on Ergativity in Indo-Aryan at the SLE 43rd annual meeting [Typological Studies in Language], Eystein Dahl and Krzysztof Stroński (eds) Amsterdam John Benjamins
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