Edited by Matti Miestamo, Anne Tamm and Beáta Wagner-Nagy
[Typological Studies in Language 108] 2015
► pp. 103–132
Negation in Nganasan
In Nganasan, verbal negation is expressed by the negative auxiliary ńi-, which takes all the inflectional suffixes from the main verb. There are two more negative markers: a constituent negator ńintuu and a predicative negator ďaŋku; the former is also used to negate attributive predications, and the latter negates existential and possessive predications. These two markers also serve as negative replies. Besides this, verbs have a dedicated abessive (‘not yet’) form, and nouns can take a caritive marker. There exist no dedicated negative pronouns; indefinites with emphatic markers are used instead.
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