Article published in:Indo-Aryan Ergativity in Typological and Diachronic Perspective
Edited by Eystein Dahl and Krzysztof Stroński
[Typological Studies in Language 112] 2016
► pp. 109–132
On the establishment of ergative alignment during the Late Middle Indo-Aryan period
I will argue that the Late Middle Indo-Aryan period (7–11th c.) was the crucial period for the establishment of ergative alignment as known from contemporary West Indo-Aryan languages (Bubenik 1998). I will demonstrate that the syncretism of case leading to the appearance of the absolutive case in the nominal system was caused by phonological change, while the way case marking alignment was distributed over the pronominal system can primarily be attributed to the effects of animacy. On the verbal side the increase in ergativity came as a consequence of the ultimate demise of the old aspectual forms. I will endorse a ‘contingency view’ of alignment (Dixon 1994, Haig 2008) which considers the increase in ergativity as a mere ‘by-product’ of the restoration by analytic means of the old aspectual triad.
Published online: 14 June 2016
Andersen, Paul Kent
Anderson, Stephen R.
Bubenik, Vit & Paranjape, Chitra
Forthcoming. The imperfective-perfective contrast in Middle Indic.
Estival, Dominique & Myhill, John
Grierson, George A.
Harris, Alice C. & Campbell, Lyle
Hoberman, Robert D.
Hock, Hans Henrich
Kelkar, Ashok R.
Khubchandani, Lachman M.
Khokhlova, Ludmila V.
Klaiman, Miriam H.
1978 Arguments against a passive origin of the ergative. In Chicago Linguistic Society: Papers from the 14th Regional Meeting , 204–216. Chicago IL: CLS.
Tessitori, Luigi P.
Peterson, John M.
Cited by 3 other publications
Carling, Gerd & Chundra Cathcart
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 october 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.