Chapter 12. Insubordination in Sliammon Salish
In Sliammon, a Salishan language spoken in Canada, both subordinate clause types, namely conjunctive and nominalized clauses, can occur independently without any matrix clauses. Insubordinated conjunctive clauses have various functions that correspond well to those demonstrated in Evans (2007). Independent nominalized clauses, on the other hand, have the function of connecting clauses to a larger discourse context. Since elided matrix predicates are copula-like elements, they are not insubordination in the narrow sense, but correspond to those discussed in Mithun (2008) under the function of extended dependency in discourse. Similar cases in sister Salishan languages are found, suggesting that either the results of insubordination were already apparent in proto-Salish, or there has been drift in its various branches leading to the parallel development of insubordination.