Chapter 13Egophoric patterns in Duna verbal morphology
Lila San Roque |
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
In the language Duna (Trans New Guinea), egophoric distributional patterns are a pervasive characteristic of verbal morphology, but do not comprise a single coherent system. Many morphemes, including evidential markers and future time inflections, show strong tendencies to co-occur with ‘informant’ subjects (the speaker in a declarative, the addressee in an interrogative), or alternatively with non-informant subjects. The person sensitivity of the Duna forms is observable in frequency, speaker judgments of sayability, and subject implicatures. Egophoric and non-egophoric distributional patterns are motivated by the individual semantics of the morphemes, their perspective-taking properties, and logical and/or conventionalised expectations of how people experience and talk about events. Distributional tendencies can also be flouted, providing a resource for speakers to convey attitudes towards their own knowledge and experiences, or the knowledge and experiences of others.
- 1.1Encoding knowledge in interaction
- 1.2Language background
- 1.3Egophoricity in the Duna context
- 2.Evidentials and subject person associations
- 3.Talking about the future
- 3.1Overview of non-directive future markers
- 3.4A note on the ‘promissive’ inflection
- 4.The odd one out: An egophoric present tense inflection?
- 5.Summary and concluding remarks