Edited by Casper de Groot
[Typological Studies in Language 119] 2017
► pp. 243–260
This chapter presents an empirical study of the distribution of a marker referred to as the ‘essive’ in Skolt Saami. The description of the properties of this marker follows the linguistic questionnaire that captures the contexts in which essive and/or translative markers may occur in the Uralic languages. The study specifically investigates the opposition between permanent and impermanent state in non-verbal predications. The linguistic domains involved are non-verbal main predication, secondary predication, complementation, and manner, temporal, and circumstantial adverbial phrases. The use of the marker in the essive sense (associated with state) is also contrasted with its use in expressing the translative sense (associated with change).
The source of each example presented in this paper is given using the following abbreviations. For examples from written sources, this is followed by the page number. Examples taken from the audio recordings provided to me by Suomen kielen nauhoitearkisto are followed by a unique code used by KOTUS to identify the recording.