Chapter published in:Uralic Essive and the Expression of Impermanent State
Edited by Casper de Groot
[Typological Studies in Language 119] 2017
► pp. 261–281
The Mari essive and its functional counterparts
This chapter presents an empirical study of forms and constructions in Mari, a language without an essive or translative case marker, where other Uralic languages may use the essive or translative. The description of the properties of these forms and constructions follows the linguistic questionnaire that captures the contexts in which essive and/or translative markers may occur in the Uralic languages. The study specifically investigates the opposition between permanent and impermanent state in non-verbal predications. The linguistic domains involved are non-verbal main predication, secondary predication, complementation, and manner, temporal, and circumstantial adverbial phrases. Finally, the syntactic position of elements marked by this form is discussed in relation to the position of focus constituents.
Keywords: Mari, depictive, instrumental case, impermanent state, non-verbal predication, focus
Published online: 30 November 2017
Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. & Schultze-Berndt, Eva F.
Savatkova, A. A.