Chapter published in:Typological Hierarchies in Synchrony and Diachrony
Edited by Sonia Cristofaro and Fernando Zúñiga
[Typological Studies in Language 121] 2018
► pp. 111–128
The place of synchronic usage patterns among processes of diachronic development
A central issue in typology is the role of implicational hierarchies in shaping individual languages. One view is that the hierarchies guide language change, or at least constrain it: “Since a hierarchy constrains what is a possible language, it is also a constraint on language change, because languages move from one possible state to another” (Corbett 2011). Other approaches take a different perspective: “Hierarchies simply capture the outputs of independent diachronic processes” (Cristofaro & Zúñiga this volume). Here the relationship between typology and diachrony is examined with respect to the most frequently-cited hierarchies, the cluster of Referential/Topicality/Animacy/Empathy hierarchies. While such hierarchies might appear to drive diachronic development in some single-step changes, multi-step developments are a different matter.
Published online: 26 July 2018
Cristofaro, Sonia & Zúñiga, Fernando
Greenberg, Joseph H.
2013 Central Numic innovations in dual number marking. Paper presented at the Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting, Boston.
Smith-Stark, T. Cedric
1974 The plurality split. Papers from the Tenth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Michael La Galy, Robert Fox & Anthony Bruck (eds), 657–71. Chicago IL: University of Chicago.
Cited by other publications
Cristofaro, Sonia & Fernando Zúñiga
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.