Chapter published in:Nonverbal Predication in Amazonian Languages
Edited by Simon E. Overall, Rosa Vallejos and Spike Gildea
[Typological Studies in Language 122] 2018
► pp. 263–294
Locative, existential and possessive predication in the Chaco
Nivaĉle (Mataguayan) and Pilagá (Guaykuruan)
Nivaĉle (Mataguayan) and Pilagá (Guaykuruan) languages, which geographically overlap in the Argentinian Chaco region of South America, present evidence challenging the often repeated claim that locative predications universally underlie possession predications (Lyons 1967; Jackendoff 1983; DeLancey 2000; Freeze 2001; Langacker 2009, among others). In both languages copular elements can link two Determined Phrases (DPs) to predicate location, possession or existence, i.e. the primary predicative element in such constructions is not a lexical verb. However, Nivaĉle and Pilagá each use a single copular form for both non-verbal existential and possessive predication constructions, and a different copular form for non-verbal locative predication constructions. Subtypes of the various constructions, including negative forms, can be related to Heine’s cognitive possession schemas. In Pilagá, all three negative constructions share the same copular elements, but there are arguably still more similarities between the negative possessive and negative existential constructions compared to the negative locative construction. If these shared features across the two languages are due to areal contact, the influence would have had to have happened at the Proto-Mataguayan and Proto-Guaykuruan languages stage.
Keywords: existential, possession, location, negation, Guaykuruan, Mataguayan
Published online: 21 August 2018
Clark, Eve V.
Dryer, Matthew S.
2014 Los pueblos de Gran Chaco y sus lenguas, segunda parte: Los Mataguayo. Suplemento Antropológico 40(2): 313–435. http://butler.cc.tut.fi/~fabre/
2016 Gramática de la lengua nivacle (familia mataguayo, chaco paraguayo). Muenchen: LINCOM.
2015 Segmental and Prosodic Complexity in Nivaĉle. Laryngels, Laterals and Metathesis. PhD dissertation, University of British Colombia. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/54190
Klein, Harriet M.
Klein, Harriet M. & Stark, Louisa R.
Otero, Manuel & Vidal, Alejandra
2016 Grammatical nominalization in Nivaĉle. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA), Washington DC.
Payne, Doris L.
Payne, Doris L. & Barshi, Immanuel
2013 Predicative possession. In The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds). Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://wals.info/chapter/117
Stell, Nelida Noemi
Cited by other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.