Edited by Tsuyoshi Ono and Sandra A. Thompson
[Typological Studies in Language 128] 2020
► pp. 11–42
Chapter 2The Finnish se että initiated expressions
NPs or not?
This paper concerns the grammatical category of Finnish expressions initiated with se että (lit. ‘it that’). In earlier studies based on written data, they have been considered clausal NPs functioning as subjects, objects and complements. In our spoken data, both present-day and older, se että initiated expressions have a wider range of functions. We show that some se että expressions have characteristics of NPs, but others are unlike NPs in certain ways, concluding that the category of NP is not binary, but rather a continuum with fuzzy boundaries. We also show that se että has been grammaticized into a projector phrase which does not initiate complement clauses but rather functions as a sedimented formula in the service of interactional practices.
- Data and methods
- The status of se että initiated expressions as NPs
- NP-like features of se että initiated expressions
- Non-NP-like features of se että initiated expressions
- Summary: Se että initiated expressions as NPs
- A diachronic perspective on se että initiated expressions
- Towards the grammaticization of se että