Part ofReciprocals and Semantic Typology
Edited by Nicholas Evans, Alice Gaby, Stephen C. Levinson and Asifa Majid
[Typological Studies in Language 98] 2011
► pp. 213–224
This paper describes how reciprocity is expressed in the Papuan (i.e. non-Austronesian) language Savosavo, spoken in the Solomon Islands. The main strategy is to use the reciprocal nominal mapamapa, which can occur in different NP positions and always triggers default third person singular masculine agreement, regardless of the number and gender of the referents. After a description of this as well as another strategy that is occasionally used (the ‘joint activity construction’), the paper will provide a detailed analysis of data elicited with set of video stimuli and show that the main strategy is used to describe even clearly asymmetric situations, as long as more than one person acts on more than one person in a joint activity.