Part ofReciprocals and Semantic Typology
Edited by Nicholas Evans, Alice Gaby, Stephen C. Levinson and Asifa Majid
[Typological Studies in Language 98] 2011
► pp. 277–314
Tsafiki reciprocal constructions have fairly unique characteristics due to the nature of the constructions from which they arise and the overall grammatical structure of Tsafiki. Reciprocals are coded by elements that are already grammaticalised for other functions. Symmetrical positional reciprocal constructions consist of a subset of positionals that inherently code reciprocity. There are two basic types of active reciprocal constructions. The semantic distinction between the two concerns mirative notions such as the degree to which the event concurs with the speaker’s expectations and general knowledge. The function of each reciprocal element is explored by examining its role in other constructions.