Le Modele De Rasch
Les Principes Sous-Jacents Et Son Application a La Validation De Tests
This paper provides an elementary introduction to the one parameter psychometric model known as the Rasch model. It explains the basic principles underlying the model and the concepts of unidimensionality, local stochastic independence, and additivity in non-mathematical terms. The requirements of measurement procedures, the measurement of latent traits, the control on model fit, and the definition of a trait are discussed. It is argued that the Rasch model is particularly appropriate to understand the mutual dependence of test reliability and validity. Examples from foreign language listening comprehension tests are used to illustrate the application of the model to a test validation procedure.
Article language: Dutch