Article published in:The Evolution of Englishes: The Dynamic Model and beyond
Edited by Sarah Buschfeld, Thomas Hoffmann, Magnus Huber and Alexander Kautzsch
[Varieties of English Around the World G49] 2014
► pp. 301–311
At the crossroads of variation studies and corpus linguistics
The analysis of past tense and past participle forms
Past tense and past participle forms of the type learned / learnt or burned / burnt have been studied both in variationist and corpus linguistics. As the variation is based on a phonological difference in the spoken language, it is rather important to ascertain whether the forms analysed in the different corpora reliably represent the pronunciation of the verb-forms. It will therefore be a major aim of this contribution to explore the relationship between the written verb-forms and their actual pronunciation in the spoken language. A variety of sources are used, namely pronouncing dictionaries, some traditional descriptions of the verb-forms and dialectological studies on both British and American varieties. Finally, the results of a pilot-study with a group of American students are presented in detail.
Keywords: American English, British English, dialectological studies, grammatical variation, past participle forms, past tense forms, spoken vs. written English, verb-forms, verb-forms in pronouncing dictionaries
Published online: 12 September 2014
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E.
Mayor, M.. et al. (
Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G. & Svartvik, J.
Trudgill, P. & Hannah, J.
Viereck, W. & Ramisch, H.