The chapter highlights cases of lexical borrowings and calques observable in
Ugandan English. Both basic lexical items and nonbasic items have been borrowed
and calqued from indigenous Ugandan (especially Bantu) languages, in
order to not only provide basic lexical items, but also to provide extra communicative
effects. Given that Ugandan English draws most of its borrowings
and calques from indigenous Ugandan languages, as opposed to other East
African varieties of English (i.e. Kenyan English and Tanzanian English), which
are influenced mainly by Kiswahili (cf. Schmied 2004), this study augments the
discourse on the argument that Ugandan English is a variety of English distinct
from Kenyan or Tanzanian English.
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2007Aspects of the vocabulary of Kenyan English: An overview. University of Nairobi Occasional Papers in Language and Linguistics 3: 1–31.
2002Customary land tenure reform in Uganda: Lessons for South Africa. Paper presented at the
International Symposium on Communal Tenure Reform
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Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales
2000Assessing the state of Ugandan English. English Today 16: 57–61.
1999What are discourse markers?Journal of Pragmatics 31: 931–952.
2008Loanword typology: Steps toward a systematic cross-linguistic study of lexical borrowability. In Aspects of Language Contact: New Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical Findings with Special Focus on Romanticization Processes, T. Stolz, D. Bakker & R.S. Palomo (eds), 43–62. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2009Lexical borrowing: Concepts and issues. In Loanwords in the World’s Languages: A Comparative Handbook, M. Haspelmath & U. Tadmor (eds), 35–54. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2013Innovative pragmatic codes in Ugandan English: A relevance-theoretic account. Argumentum 9: 19–31.
2014Lexical and grammatical features of Ugandan English. English Today 30(2): 51–56.
Kachru, Y. & Smith, E.L.
2009The karmic cycle of World Englishes: Some futuristic constructs. World Englishes 28(1): 1–14.
2014Tears on the Equator: Muzungu. Victoria: Friesen Press.
2011Singapore English. Language and Linguistics Compass 5(1): 47–62.
2009Language Contact. Cambridge: CUP.
2011Universals of structural borrowing. In Linguistic Universals and Language Variation, P. Siemund (ed.), 200–229. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Mesthrie, R. & Bhatt, M.R.
2008World Englishes: The Study of New Linguistic Varieties. Cambridge: CUP.
2014Proceedings of the special sitting of the parliament on 8th April[URL] (29 September 2015).
2002The function of English loanwords in Japanese. NUCB 4(1): 53–64.
2012The unbelievable lightness of ex-pats: double binds of humanitarian mobility. Cultural Anthropology 27(2): 358–382.
2004East African English (Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania): Morphology and syntax. In A Handbook of Varieties of English, Vol. 2: Morphology and Syntax, B. Kortmann, K. Burridge, R. Mesthrie, E.W. Schneider & C. Upton (eds.), 929–947. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2008East African English (Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania): Morphology and syntax. In Varieties of English: Africa, South and Southeast Asia, R. Mesthrie (ed.), 451–471. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2012Standards of English in East Africa. In Standards of English: Codified Varieties around the World, R. Hickey (ed.), 229–254, Cambridge: CUP.
2007Postcolonial English: Varieties around the World. Cambridge: CUP.
2014Gyebaleko (Well done)!! Live.Love.Uganda. [URL] (08 April 2015).
2012April Jones: Hundreds search for five-year girl feared abducted. The Telegraph02 October 2012 <[URL] (19 March 2016).
The Government of Uganda
1995Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995. Kampala: State House Uganda.
2001Language Contact: An Introduction. Edinburgh: EUP.
van Hout, R. & Mysken, P.
1994Modeling lexical borrowability. Language Variation and Change 6: 39–62.
2003Relevance theory and the construction of idiom meaning. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 15: 303–323.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 17 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.