Chapter published in:The Politics of Multilingualism: Europeanisation, globalisation and linguistic governance
Edited by Peter A. Kraus and François Grin
[Studies in World Language Problems 6] 2018
► pp. 111–142
Transient linguistic landscapes of activism
Protesting against austerity policies in the Eurozone
This chapter explores the political geography of activism against austerity policies in the Eurozone (the Member States of the European Union using the euro as their common currency) through a study of language use in demonstrations. Arguably, the protestors’ performance produces transient linguistic landscapes with placards, posters, banners, and other languaged signs which are used in this analysis to examine the Europeanisation of collective action. When public space in the local context is clearly dominated by one (state) language, political signs in different languages reveal some transnational engagement. Such multilingual signs can be interpreted not only as the expression of the diversity of the linguistic backgrounds among participants to the collective action (revealing either some transnational mobilisation or the multilingual repertoires of local participants) but also as evidence for/of the tactical use of a language (potentially) understood by the addressees outside the local and national contexts and for the emergence of a transnational public sphere. Using pictures of the protests published in conventional media or uploaded on Flickr, the image hosting website and online community, this chapter discusses signs in the local language, borrowings, English signs, signs in other languages than the national one (next to English), and code mixing.
Keywords: transient linguistic landscape, collective action, Europeanisation
Published online: 10 September 2018
Aalbers, Manuel B.
Adams, Paul C.
Backus, Ad, Durk Gorter, Karlfried Knapp, Rosita Schjerve-Rindler, Jos Swanenberg, Jan D. ten Thije and Eva Vetter
Barni, Monica, and Guus Extra
Brand, Ulrich, and Markus Wissen
Castiglione, Dario, and Chris Longman
Conti, Virginie, and François Grin
Della Porta, Donatella
Della Porta, D. & S. Tarrow
Della Porta, Donatella, Hanspeter. Kriesi and Dieter Rucht
Dragićević Šešić, Milena
Duyvendak, Jan Willem, Hein-Anton van der Heijden, Ruud Koopmans and Luuk Wijmans
Extra, Guus, and Kutlay Yağmur
Extra, Guus, Massimiliano Spotti and Piet Van Avermaet
Gazzola, Michele, and François Grin
Geary, Patrick J.
Gent, W. P. C., van, Virginie D. Mamadouh and Herman H. van der Wusten
Hanf, Dominik, Klaus Malacek and Elise Muir
Hardt, Michael, and Antonio Negri
(2011) “The Fight for ‘Real Democracy‘ at the Heart of Occupy Wall Street”, Foreign Affairs 11 October 2011, available at: http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/136399/michael-hardt-and-antonio-negri/the-fight-for-real-democracy-at-the-heart-of-occupy-wall-street, accessed 14 November, 2012.
Heerikhuizen, Annemarie van, Manet van Montfrans, Bruno Naarden and Jan Herman Reestman
Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle, Clare Mar-Molinero and Patrick Stevenson
Hüning, Matthias, Ulrike Vogl and Olivier Moliner
Imig, Doug, and Sidney Tarrow
Jørgensen, Normann J.
Judt, Tony, and Denis Lacorne
Kjær, Anne Lise, and Silvia Adamo
Kraus, Peter A.
Kriesi, Hanspeter, Ruud Koopmans, Jan Willem Duyvendak and Marco G. Giugni
Landry, Rodrigue, and Richard Y. Bourhis
Leitner, Helga, Jamie Peck and Eric S. Sheppard
Lipset, Seymour M., and Stein Rokkan
Marks, Gary, and Marco Steenbergen
Mar-Molinero, Clare, and Patrick Stevenson
Maurais, Jacques, and Michael A. Morris
McFarlane, Thomas, and Iain Hay
Mitchell, W. J. T.
Nicholls, Walter, Byron Miller and Justin Beaumont
O’Donnell, Paul, and Annemarie Toebosch
(2010) “Taking photos and Making Photos: Exploring the Production and Consumption of Place through Volunteered Geographic Information”, Master’s Thesis Metropolitan Studies, University of Amsterdam.
Shohamy, Elana, and Durk Gorter
Slade, Christina, and Martina Möllering
Stevenson, Patrick, and Jenny Carl
Thije, Jan D., ten, and Ludger Zeevaert
Uitermark, Justus, and Walter Nicholls
Van Avermaet, Piet
(2009) “Fortress Europe? Language Policy Regimes for Immigration and Citizenship”, in: Gabrielle Hogan-Brun, Clare Mar-Molinero and Patrick Stevenson (eds), Discourses on Language and Integration: Critical Perspectives on Language Testing Regimes in Europe, pp. 15–43. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Wagenaar, Michiel, Virginie Mamadouh and Gertjan Dijkink
Welle, Inge, van der