Chapter published in:
Contested Languages: The hidden multilingualism of Europe
Edited by Marco Tamburelli and Mauro Tosco
[Studies in World Language Problems 8] 2021
► pp. 317


Ammon, Ulrich
1989Towards a descriptive framework for the status/function (social position) of a language within a country. In Status and function of languages and language varieties, ed. by Ulrich Ammon, 21–106. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006Language conflicts in the European Union. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 16 (3): 319–338. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Auer, Peter
2005Europe’s sociolinguistic unity, or: a typology of European dialect/standard constellations. In Perspectives on variation: sociolinguistic, historical comparative, ed. by Nicole Delbecque, Johan van der Auwera and Dick Geeraerts, 7–42. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Benincà, Paola, and Glanville Price
2000Italy (Romance vernaculars): introduction. In Encyclopedia of the languages of Europe, ed. by Glanville Price, 251–254. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Benincà, Paola, and John Haiman
2005The Rhaeto-Romance languages. London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Blommaert, Jan
2005Discourse: a critical introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, Jack K., and Peter Trudgill
1998Dialectology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Craith, Máiréad Nic
2000Contested identities and the quest for legitimacy. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 21 (5): 399–413. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, John
2018Nonstandard dialect and identity. In Identity and dialect performance: a study of communities and dialects, ed. by Reem Bassiouney, 17–34. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Extra, Guus, and Durk Gorter
2001The other languages of Europe: demographic, sociolinguistic and educational perspectives. Clevendon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Fishman, Joshua A.
2008Rethinking the Ausbau–Abstand dichotomy into a continuous and multivariate system. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 191: 17–26.Google Scholar
Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman, and Nina Hyams
2013An introduction to language (10th edition). Boston: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
Gooskens, Charlotte, and Wilbert Heeringa
2004The position of Frisian in the Germanic language area. In On the boundaries of phonology and phonetics, ed. by Dicky Gilbers, Maartje Schreuder and Nienke Knevel, 61–87. Groningen University.Google Scholar
Görlach, Manfred
1985Scots and Low German: the social history of two minority languages. In Focus on Scotland, ed. by Manfred Görlach, 19–36. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hammarström, Harald
2008Counting languages in dialect continua using the criterion of mutual intelligibility. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 15 (1): 36–45. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Janson, Tore
2002Speak: a short history of languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Joseph, John E.
2004Language and identity: national, ethnic, religious. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire & New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kloss, Heinz
1967 ‘Abstand languages’ and ‘ausbau languages.’ Anthropological linguistics 9(7): 29–41.Google Scholar
Laitin, David D.
1992Language repertoires and state construction in Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lepschy, Giulio C.
2002Mother tongues and other reflections on the Italian language. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Li, Chris Wen-Chao
2004Conflicting notions of language purity: the interplay of archaising, ethnographic, reformist, elitist and xenophobic purism in the perception of Standard Chinese. Language and Communication 24: 97–133. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Makoni, Sinfree
2005Toward a more inclusive applied linguistics and English language teaching: a symposium. TESOL Quarterly 39 (4): 716–719. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
May, Stephen
2006Language policy and minority rights. In An introduction to language policy: theory and method, ed. by Thomas Ricento, 255–272. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
McMahon, April, and Robert McMahon
2005Language classification by numbers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Nicholson, Jeremy K., and Ian D. Wilson
2003Understanding ‘global’ systems biology: metabonomics and the continuum of metabolism. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2 (8): 668–676. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nunberg, Geoffry
1997Topic… comments; double standards. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 15: 667–675. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pennycook, Alastair
2006Postmodernism in language policy. In An introduction to language policy: theory and method, ed. by Thomas Ricento, 60–76. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
2007The myth of English as an international language. In Disinventing and reconstituting languages, ed. by Sinfree Makoni and Alastair Pennycook, 90–115. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Reagan, Timothy
2004Objectification, positivism and language studies: A reconsideration. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies: An International Journal 1 (1): 41–60. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tamburelli, Marco
2014Uncovering the ‘hidden’ multilingualism of Europe: an Italian case study. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 35 (3): 252–270. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tang, Chaoju, and Vincent. J. van Heuven
2009Mutual intelligibility of Chinese dialects experimentally tested. Lingua 119: 709–732. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tosco, Mauro
2008Introduction: Ausbau is everywhere! International Journal of the Sociology of Language 191: 1–16. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2011The nation-state and language diversity. In Multilingualism. language, power, and knowledge, ed. by Paolo Valore, 87–101. Pisa: Edistudio.Google Scholar
2017On counting languages, diversity-wise. In ATrA 3. Cultural and linguistic transition explored: proceedings of the ATrA closing workshop – Trieste, May 25 26, 2016, ed. by Ilaria Micheli, 234–245. Trieste: EUT.Google Scholar
Trudgill, Peter
1992Ausbau sociolinguistics and the perception of language status in contemporary Europe. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 2 (2): 167–177. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van der Auwera, Johan and Dónall Ó. Baoill
1998Adverbial constructions in the languages of Europe (Vol. 3). Berlin: de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Weinreich, Ulrich
1954Is a structural dialectology possible? Word 10: 388–400. CrossrefGoogle Scholar