Chapter published in:
Advances in Interdisciplinary Language Policy
Edited by François Grin, László Marácz and Nike K. Pokorn
[Studies in World Language Problems 9] 2022
► pp. 129150
Ajuntament de Barcelona
(2009) Reglament d’Ús De La Llengua Catalana De l’Ajuntament De Barcelona. Retrieved from: http://​www​.einesdellengua​.com​/Legis​/Arxius​/Requisit​/reglaments​/reglbarcelona​.pdf
Anderson, Benedict
(2016) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism (revised edition). London: Verso.Google Scholar
Birka, Ieva
(2015) Expressed attachment to Russia and social integration: The case of young Russian speakers in Latvia, 2004–2010. Journal of Baltic Studies 47(2), 1–20.Google Scholar
Blackledge, Adrian
(2004) ‘Constructions of Identity in Political Discourse in Multilingual Britain’, in A. Pavlenko & A. Blackledge (Eds.), Negotiation of Identities in Multilingual Contexts (pp. 68–92). Bristol: Channel View Publications. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Boix-Fuster, Emili
(2015) ‘Multilingualism in Barcelona: Towards an Asymmetrical Multilingualism’, in E. Boix-Fuster (Ed.), Urban Diversities and Language Policies in Medium-Sized Linguistic Communities (pp.154–179). Bristol, Buffalo & Toronto: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre
(2005) Was heißt sprechen? Zur Ökonomie des sprachlichen Tausches. Vienna: New Academic Press.Google Scholar
Branchadell, Albert
(2006) L’aventura del català. De les «Homilies d’Organyà» al nou Estatut. Barcelona: L’Esfera dels Llibres.Google Scholar
Brubaker, Rogers
(1999) ‘The Manichean Myth: Rethinking the Distinction between ‘Civic’ and ‘Ethnic’ Nationalism’, in H. Kriesi, K. Armingeon, H. Siegrist & A. Wimmer (Eds.), Nation and national identity: The European experience in perspective (pp. 55–72). Chur: Rüegger.Google Scholar
Byrne, Steven
(2019) Language attitudes, linguistic authority and independence in 21st century Catalonia. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 66(1), 1–16. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Carson, Lorna & King, Lid
(2016) ‘Introduction: Multilingualism is Lived Here’, in L. King & L. Carson (Eds.), The Multilingual City: Vitality, Conflict and Change (pp. 1–16). Bristol, Buffalo & Toronto: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2018) IRG080. Iedzīvotāju skaits pēc tautības reģionos, republikas pilsētās. Retrieved from: https://​data1​.csb​.gov​.lv​/pxweb​/lv​/iedz​/iedziedzrakst​/IRG080​.px​/table​/tableViewLayout1/, 20 May 2020.
Cheskin, Ammon
(2012) Exploring Russian-Speaking Identity from Below. The Case of Latvia. Journal of Baltic Studies 44(3), 287–312. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2016) Russian Speakers in Post-Soviet Latvia. Discursive Identity Strategies. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cianetti, Licia
(2014) Representing minorities in the city. Education policies and minority incorporation in the capital cities of Estonia and Latvia. Nationalities Papers 42(6), 981–1001. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Climent-Ferrando, Vicent
(2013) ‘Two Decades of Immigration Policies Catalonia (1993–2013): In Search of a Public Philosophy’, in R. Medda-Windischer & Andrea Carlà (Eds.), Politiche migratorie e autonomie territoriali: Nuove minoranze, identità e cittadinanza in Alto Adige e Catalogna (pp. 163–212). Bolzano: Eurac Research.Google Scholar
Departament d’Estadística
(2015) La població estrangera a Barcelona. Gener 2015. Retrieved from: http://​www​.bcn​.cat​/estadistica​/catala​/dades​/inf​/pobest​/pobest15​/pobest15​.pdf, 26 November 2015.
(2019) La població estrangera a Barcelona. La població de Barcelona nascuda a l’estranger. Gener 2019. Retrieved from: http://​ajuntament​.barcelona​.cat​/premsa​/wp​-content​/uploads​/2019​/07​/pobest19​.pdf, 28 August 2020.
Djačkova, Svetlana, Zorgenfreia, Anita & Kursa-Garkakle, Kitija
(2018) Labour market integration of third-country nationals: National report of Latvia. Retrieved from: http://​www​.emn​.lv​/wp​-content​/uploads​/EMN​-3VP​_integracija​_Latvia​_ENG​.pdf*, 18 September 2019.
Druviete, Ina
(2014) English in Latvia. Sociolinguistica 28(1), 69–88. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eisenberg, Avigail & Kymlicka, Will
(2011) ‘Bringing Institutions Back In: How Public Institutions Assess Identity’, in A. Eisenberg & W. Kymlicka (Eds.), Identity politics in the public realm: Bringing institutions back in (pp. 1–30). Vancouver: UBC Press.Google Scholar
Ernstsone, Vineta, Kļava, Gunta & Motivāne, Kristīne
(2011) ‘Languages in Latvia: Language Proficiency, Usage and Linguistic Environment’, in G. Kļava (Ed.), Language Situation in Latvia (pp. 15–34). Riga.Google Scholar
Flora, Peter
(1981) Stein Rokkans Makro-Modell der politischen Entwicklung Europas: Ein Rekonstruktionsversuch. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 33(3), 397–436.Google Scholar
Gellner, Ernest
(1983) Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle
(2006) At the interface of language ideology and practice. In Language Policy: The public discourse surrounding the 2004 education reform in Latvia. Language Policy 5(3), 315–335. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hogan-Brun, Gabrielle, Mar-Molinero, Clare & Stevenson, Patrick
(Eds.) (2009) Discourses on language and integration: Critical perspectives on language testing regimes in Europe. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ignatieff, Michael
(2000) The Rights Revolution. Toronto: Anansi Press.Google Scholar
Ijabs, Ivars
(2016) After the Referendum. Militant Democracy and Nation-Building in Latvia. East European Politics and Societies 30(2), 288–314. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya
(2019) Enquesta d’usos lingüístics de la població 2018. Retrieved from: https://​www​.idescat​.cat​/pub​/?id​=eulp, 28 August 2020.
(2020) Els usos lingüístics a l’àmbit metropolità. Enquesta d’usos lingüístics de la població 2018. Retrieved from: https://​llengua​.gencat​.cat​/web​/.content​/documents​/dadesestudis​/altres​/arxius​/EULP2018​-ambit​-metropolita​.pdf, 28 August 2020.
Kibbermann, Kerttu
(2017) Responses to the internationalisation of higher education in language policies of Estonia and Latvia. Eesti Ja Soome-Ugri Keeleteaduse Ajakiri. Journal of Estonian and Finno-Ugric Linguistics 8(1), 97–113. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kibermane, Kertu & Kļava, Gunta
(2016) ‘Valodas Latvijā: Valsts Valoda, Valodu Prasme, Valodas izglītībā’, in L. Lauze & G. Kļava (Eds.), Valodas situācija Latvijā: 2010–2015: Sociolingvistisks pētījums (pp. 35–93). Riga.Google Scholar
Kļava, Evija, Šūpule, Inese & Zepa, Brigita
Kraus, Peter A.
(2008) A Union of Diversity: Language, Identity and Polity-building in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2011a) The Multilingual City. Nordic Journal of Migration Research 1(1), 25–36. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2011b) ‘Nation (Nationalismus)’, in M. Hartmann & C. Offe (Eds.), Politische Theorie und politische Philosophie: Ein Handbuch (pp. 266–270). Munich: Beck.Google Scholar
(2012) The Politics of Complex Diversity. A European Perspective. Ethnicities 12(1), 3–25. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2015) ‘Language Policy and Catalan Independence’, in K.-J. Nagel & S. Rixen (Eds.), Catalonia in Spain and Europe: Is there a way to independence? (pp. 129–140). Baden-Baden: Nomos. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2018) ‘From glossophagic hegemony to multilingual pluralism? Re-assessing the politics of linguistic identity in Europe’, in P. A. Kraus & F. Grin (Eds.), The Politics of Multilingualism: Europeanisation, Globalisation and Linguistic Governance (pp. 89–109). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lagerspetz, Mikko
(2007) ‘Post-Socialist Transformations as Identity Transformations’, in B. Henningsen, M.-B. Schartau & S. Berglund (Eds.), Political culture: Values and identities in the Baltic Sea region (pp. 13–22). Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag.Google Scholar
Linz, Juan J. & Stepan, Alfred C.
(1997) Problems of democratic transition and consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and post-communist Europe ([2nd print]). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Marshall, Thomas H.
(1950) Citizenship and Social Class and Other Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
May, Stephen
(2012) Language and Minority Rights: Ethnicity, Nationalism and the Politics of Language (2nd ed.). London & New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
(2015a) ‘Language Policy and Political Theory’, in F. M. Hult & D. C. Johnson (Eds.), Guides to research methods in language and linguistics: Vol. 7. Research methods in language policy and planning: A practical guide (pp. 45–55). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2015b) The problem with English(es) and linguistic (in)justice. Addressing the limits of liberal egalitarian accounts of language. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18(2), 131–148. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ministru kabinets
(2014) Valsts valodas politikas pamatnostādnes 2015.–2020.gadam. Retrieved from: http://​www​.valoda​.lv​/downloadDoc​_1512​/mid​_504, 27 November 2015.
Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Latvia
(2012) Guidelines on National Identity, Civil Society and Integration Policy (2012–2018). Retrieved from: https://​www​.km​.gov​.lv​/uploads​/ckeditor​/files​/Sabiedribas​_integracija​/Petijumi​/En​_Pamatnostad​.pdf, 18 August 2019.
Patten, Alan
(2001) Political Theory and Language Policy. Political Theory 29(5), 691–715. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pisarenko, Olga
(2006) The acculturation modes of Russian speaking adolescents in Latvia: Perceived discrimination and knowledge of the Latvian language. Europe-Asia Studies 58(5), 751–773. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Poriņa, Vineta
(2009) Valsts valoda daudzvalodīgajā sabiedrībā: individuālais un sociālais bilingvisms Latvijā. Riga.Google Scholar
Rokkan, Stein
(1999) State formation, Nation-Building, and Mass Politics in Europe: The theory of Stein Rokkan [Edited by Peter Flora with Stein Kuhnle and Derek Urwin]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
(1999) Official Language Law. In Latvijas Vēstnesis 428/433.Google Scholar
SKDS (Ed.)
(2014a) Piederības sajūta Latvijai. Mazākumtautību Latvijas iedzīvotāju aptauja. Riga.Google Scholar
(2014b) Sabiedrības integrācija Rīgā. Rīgas iedzīvotāju aptauja. Riga.Google Scholar
Taylor, Charles
(1992) Multiculturalism and ‘The Politics of Recognition’. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Therborn, Göran
(1995) European modernity and beyond: The trajectory of European societies, 1945 – 2000. London: Sage. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tully, James
(2008) Public philosophy in a new key: Volume 1: Democracy and civic freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Valdmanis, Gunārs
(2016) ‘Economic Threats and the Russian-speaking Community’, in Ž. Ozoliņa (Ed.), Societal Security. Inclusion-Exclusion Dilemma: A portrait of the Russian-speaking community in Latvia (pp. 74–94). Riga: Zinātne.Google Scholar
Weber, Max
(1980 [1922]) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Tübingen: Mohr.Google Scholar
Wezel, Katja
(2011) Geschichte als Politikum. Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag.Google Scholar
Young, Iris M.
(2007) ‘Structural injustice and the politics of difference’, in A. S. Laden & D. Owen (Eds.), Multiculturalism and political theory (pp. 60–88). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Zepa, Brigita, Šūpule, Inese, Kļava, Evija, Krastiņa, Līga, Krišāne, Jolanta & Tomsone, Inguna
(2005) Ethnopolitical tension in Latvia: looking for the conflict solution. Riga.Google Scholar