Article published in:Above and Beyond the Segments: Experimental linguistics and phonetics
Edited by Johanneke Caspers, Yiya Chen, Willemijn Heeren, Jos Pacilly, Niels O. Schiller and Ellen van Zanten
[Not in series 189] 2014
► pp. 203–217
Do speakers try to distract attention from their speech errors? The prosody of self-repairs
Self-repairs of segmental speech errors come in two varieties: repairs of early and of late-detected errors. Early-detected errors are detected in inner, late detected errors in overt speech. Late-detected errors are those in which the word or phrase containing the error is completed before the repair is made. We made acoustic measurements of both the reparandum and the repair, and also ran a loudness judgment experiment on pairs of CV fragments excised from reparandum and repair. Repairs of early-detected errors but not of latedetected errors had shorter durations, higher intensity, pitch and subjective loudness than those from the corresponding reparandums. It is concluded that speakers tend to distract the listeners’ attention from early but not from latedetected errors.
Published online: 10 December 2014
Baars, B.J., Motley, M.T., & MacKay, D.G.
(2011) languageR: Data sets and functions with “Analyzing Linguistic Data: A practical introduction to statistics”. R package version 1.4.
Baayen, R.H., Davidson, D.J., & Bates, D.M.
Bates, D., Maechler, M., & Bolker, B.
(2013) lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using S4 classes. R package version 0.999999-2. Retrievable from http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4.
Blackmer, E.R., & Mitton, J.L.
Boersma, P., & Weenink, D.
(2009) Praat: Doing phonetics by computer (Version 5.1.05) [Computer program]. Retrievable from http://www.praat.org/
Canty, A., & Ripley, B.
(2013) Boot: Bootstrap R (S-Plus) Functions.R package version 1.3-9.
Davison, A.C., & Hinkley, D.V.
(2000) Voice assimilation and segment reduction in casual Dutch: A corpus-based study of the phonology-phonetics interface. PhD dissertation. Utrecht: LOT.
(1981) Radio talk. In E. Goffman (Ed.), Forms of talk (pp. 197–327). Oxford: Blackwell.
(2002) Lexical bias in speech errors. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Levelt, W.J.M., & Cutler, A.
(1980) Speaking and unspeaking: Detection and correction of phonological and lexical errors in spontaneous speech. In V.A. Fromkin (Ed.), Errors in linguistic performance: Slips of the tongue, ear, pen and hand (pp. 87–95). New York: Academic Press.
(2005a) Listening to one-self: Monitoring speech production. In R. Hartsuiker, Y. Bastiaanse, A. Postma, & F. Wijnen (Eds.), Phonological encoding and monitoring in normal and pathological speech (pp. 167–186). Hove: Psychology Press.
(2010) Monitoring for speech errors has different functions in inner and overt speech. In M. Everaert, T. Lentz, H. De Mulder, A. Nilsen, & A. Zondervan (Eds.), The linguistic enterprise: From knowledge of language to knowledge in linguistics (pp. 213–235). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Nooteboom, S.G., & Quené, H.
Quené, H., & Van den Bergh, H.
R Core Team (
2013) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria. Retrievable from http://www.R-project.org/
Seyfeddinipur, M., Kita, S., & Indefrey, P.
(1987) The role of word onset consonants in speech production planning: New evidence from speech error patterns. In E. Keller & M. Gopnik (Eds.), Motor and sensory processes of language (pp. 17–51). Hillsdale (New Jersey)/London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
Shattuck-Hufnagel, S., & Cutler, A.
(1999) The prosody of speech error corrections revisited. In J.J. Ohala, Y. Hasegawa, M. Ohala, D. Granville, & A.C. Bailey (Eds.), Proceedings of the XIVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 1483–1486). University of California, Berkeley.
Sluijter, A.M.C., & Van Heuven, V.J.
Van Heuven, V.J., & Sluijter, A.M.C.
(1996) Notes on the phonetics of word prosody. In R.W.N. Goedemans, H.G. Van der Hulst, & E. Visch (Eds.), Stress patterns of the world: Part 1: Background (pp. 233–269). HIL Publications 2. The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.