Chapter published in:
Creole Studies – Phylogenetic Approaches
Edited by Peter Bakker, Finn Borchsenius, Carsten Levisen and Eeva Sippola
[Not in series 211] 2017
► pp. 3558


Aikhenvald, A. Y.
2000Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices. Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
Altschuler, E. L., Calude, A. S., Meade, A. & Pagel, M.
2013Linguistic evidence supports date for Homeric epics. BioEssays 35(5): 417–420. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Amano T., Sandel B., Eager H., Bulteau E., Svenning J.-C., Dalsgaard B., Rahbek C., Davies R. G. & Sutherland W. J.
2014Global distribution and drivers of language extinction risk. Proc. R. Soc. B 281: 20141574.Google Scholar
Atkinson, Q. D.
2011Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa. Science 332: 346. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Atkinson, Q. D. & Gray, R. D.
2005Curious parallels and curious connections – Phylogenetic thinking in biology and historical linguistics. Systematic Biology 54(4): 513–526. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Avise, J. C.
2000Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Bakker, P.
2014Creoles and typology: Problems of sampling and definition. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 29(2): 437–455. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bakker, P., Daval-Markussen, A., Parkvall, M. & Plag, I.
2011Creoles are typologically distinct from non-creoles. In P. Bhatt & T. Veenstra (eds), Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 26(1): 5–42. Republished in P. Bhatt & T. Veenstra (eds) 2013 Creole Languages and Linguistic Typology [Benjamins Current Topics 57], 9–45. Amserdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Barbançon, F., Evans S. N., Nakhleh, L., Ringe, D. & Warnow, T.
2013An experimental study comparing linguistic phylogenetic reconstruction methods. Diachronica 30(2): 143–170. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bergsland, K. & Vogt, H.
1962On the validity of glottochronology. Current Anthropology 3(2): 115–153. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bouckaert, R., Lemey, P., Dunn, M., Greenhill, S. J., Alekseyenko, A. V., Drummond, A. J., Gray, R. D., Suchard, M. A. & Atkinson., Q. D.
2012Mapping the origins and expansion of the Indo-European language family. Science 337(6097): 957–960. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bowern, C., Epps, P., Gray, R. D., Hill, J., Hunley, K., McConvell, P. & Zentz, J.
2011Does lateral transmission obscure inheritance in hunter-gatherer languages? PLoS ONE 6(9): e25195. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bowern, C. & Atkinson, Q.
2012Computational phylogenetics and the internal structure of Pama-Nyungan. Language 88(4): 817–845. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bryant, D. & Moulton, V.
2004NeighborNet: An agglomerative method for the construction of phylogenetic networks. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21: 255–265. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Campbell, L.
1998Historical Linguistics: An Introduction. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
Cardoso, H.
2008The meaning of “European”. The challenge of high-contact varieties for linguistic taxonomy. Sophia Journal of European Studies 1: 31–54.Google Scholar
Clements, J. C.
2002On classifying language-contact varieties. In Selected Proceedings of the First Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics, L. Sayahi (ed.), 1–10. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Collin, H. S. & Schlyter, C. J.
1827Corpus iuris Sueo-Gotorum antiqui. Samling af Sweriges gamla lagar, Vol. 1: Westgötalagen. Stockholm: Häggström.Google Scholar
Darwin, C.
1859On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
Daval-Markussen, A.
2011Of Networks and Trees in Contact Linguistics: New Light on the Typology of Creoles. MA thesis, Aarhus Universitet.Google Scholar
2013First steps towards a typological profile of creoles. Acta Linguistica Hafniensia 45(2): 274–295. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dediu, D.
2011A Bayesian phylogenetic approach to estimating the stability of linguistic features and the genetic biasing of tone. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 278(1704): 474–479. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dediu, D. & Cysouw, M.
2013Some structural aspects of language are more stable than others: A comparison of seven methods. PLoS ONE 8(1): e55009. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dimmendaal, G. J.
1995Do some languages have a multi-genetic or non-genetic origin? An exercise in taxonomy. In Actes du Cinquième Colloque de Linguistique Nilo-Saharienne / Proceedings of the Fifth Nilo-Saharan Linguistics Colloquium, Nice, 24–29 August 1992 Nilo-Saharan Language Studies [Nilo-Saharan: Linguistic Analyses and Documentation 10], R. Nicolaï & F. Rottland (eds), 357–372. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe.Google Scholar
Dixon, R. M. W.
1997The Rise and Fall of Languages. Cambridge: CUP. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Donohue, M., Denham, T. & Oppenheimer, S.
2012New methodologies for historical linguistics? Calibrating a lexicon-based methodology for diffusion vs. subgrouping. Diachronica 29(4): 505–522. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Drummond, A. J., Ho, S. Y. W., Phillips, M. J. & Rambaut, A.
2006Relaxed phylogenetics and dating with confidence. PLoS Biology 4(5): e88 CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Drummond, A. J., Suchard, M. A., Xie, D. & Rambaut, A.
2012Bayesian phylogenetics with BEAUti and the BEAST 1.7. Molecular Biology and Evolution 29: 1969–1973. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dryer, M. S. & Haspelmath, M.
(eds) 2013The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://​wals​.info
Dryer, M. S.
2013aIndefinite articles. In Dryer & Haspelmath (eds). http://​wals​.info​/chapter​/38 (11 November 2014).
2013bNegative morphemes. In Dryer & Haspelmath (eds). http://​wals​.info​/chapter​/112 (11 November 2014).
2013cPosition of tense-aspect affixes. In Dryer & Haspelmath (eds). http://​wals​.info​/chapter​/69 (11 November 2014).
Dunn, M.
2009Contact and phylogeny in Island Melanesia. Lingua 119(11): 1664–1678. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dunn, M., Terrill, A., Reesink, G., Foley, R. A., & Levinson, S. C.
2005Structural phylogenetics and the reconstruction of ancient language history. Science 309(5743): 2072–2075. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dunn, M., Levinson, S. C., Lindström, E., Reesink, G. & Terrill, A.
2008Structural phylogeny in historical linguistics: Methodological explorations applied in island Melanesia. Language 84: 710–759. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ellison, T. M.
2014Identifying typological features likely to show synchronic variation. Paper presented at the Australian Linguistic Society Annual Conference, The University of Newcastle, Australia 10–12 December.Google Scholar
Erdem, E., Lifschitz, V. & Ringe, D.
2006Temporal phylogenetic networks and logic programming. Theory and Practice of Logic Programming 6: 539–558. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Enfield, N. J.
2003Linguistic Epidemiology: Semantics and Grammar of Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia. London: Routledge Curzon.Google Scholar
Felsenstein, J.
2004Inferring Phylogenies. Sunderland MA: Sinauer Associates.Google Scholar
Forster, P., Toth, A. & Bandelt, H.-J.
1998Evolutionary networks of word lists: Visualising the relationships between Alpine Romance languages. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 5: 174–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fortunato, L. & Jordan, F.
2010Your place or mine? A phylogenetic comparative analysis of marital residence in Indo-European and Austronesian societies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365: 3913–3922. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Friðriksson, F.
2008Language Change vs. Stability in Conservative Language Communities: A Case Study of Icelandic. PhD dissertation, University of Gothenburg.Google Scholar
Gavin, M. C., Botero, C. A., Bowern, C., Colwell, R. K., Dunn, M., Dunn, R. R., Gray, R. D., Kirby, K. R., McCarter, J., Powell, A., Rangel, T. F., Stepp, J. R., Trautwein, M., Verdolin, J. L. & Yanega, G.
2013Toward a mechanistic understanding of linguistic diversity. BioScience 63(7): 524–535.  CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Geisler, H. & List, J.-M.
2013Do languages grow on trees? The tree metaphor in the history of linguistics. In Classification and Evolution in Biology, Linguistics and the History of Science, H. Fangerau, H. Geisler, T. Halling & W. Martin (eds), 111–124. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.Google Scholar
Gil, D.
2013Numeral classifiers. In Dryer & Haspelmath (eds). http://​wals​.info​/chapter​/55 (11 November 2014).
Givón, T.
1981On the development of the numeral ‘one’ as an indefinite marker. Folia Linguistica Historica 2(1): 35–53. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1984Syntax: A Functional-typological Introduction, Vol. 1. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gong, T., Lan, S. & Zhang, M.
2014aModelling language evolution: Examples and predictions. Physics of Life Reviews 11: 280–302. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2014bKey issues for the prosperity of modelling research of language evolution. Reply to comments on “Modelling language evolution: Examples and predictions”. Physics of Life Reviews 11: 324–328. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gray, R. D. & Jordan, F. M.
2000Language trees support the express-train sequence of Austronesian expansion. Nature 405(6790): 1052–1055. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gray, R. D. & Atkinson, Q. D.
2003Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin. Nature 426: 435–439. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gray, R. D., Drummond, A. J. & Greenhill, S. J.
2009Language phylogenies reveal expansion pulses and pauses in Pacific settlement. Science 323: 479–483. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gray, R. D., Bryant, D. & Greenhill, S. J.
2010On the shape and fabric of human history. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 365: 3923–3933. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenhill, S. J., Currie, T. E. & Gray, R. D.
2009Does horizontal transmission invalidate cultural phylogenies? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276: 2299–2306. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenhill, S. J., Atkinson, Q. D., Meade, A. & Gray, R. D.
2010The shape and tempo of language evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 277: 2443–2450. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hall, Robert A. Jr.
1959Neo-Melanesian and glottochronology. International Journal of American Linguistics 25(4): 265–267. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hancock, I. F.
1987A preliminary classification of the anglophone Atlantic creoles with syntactic data from thirty-three representative dialects. In Pidgin and Creole Languages. Essays in Memory of John E. Reinecke, G. G. Gilbert (ed.), 264–333. Honolulu HI: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar
Heggarty, P.
2006Interdisciplinary indiscipline? Can phylogenetic methods meaningfully be applied to language data – and to dating language? In Phylogenetic Methods and the Prehistory of Languages, P. Forster & C. Renfrew (eds), 183–194. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.Google Scholar
Heine, B.
1997Cognitive Foundations of Grammar. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Heine, B. & Kuteva, T.
2007The Genesis of Grammar. A Reconstruction [Studies in the Evolution of Language 9]. Oxford: OUP.Google Scholar
Hennig, W.
1950Grundzüge einer Theorie der Phylogenetischen Systematik. Berlin: Deutscher zentralverlag.Google Scholar
Holden, C. J.
2002Bantu language trees reflect the spread of farming across sub-Saharan Africa: A maximum-parsimony analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 269: 793–799. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Honkola, T., Vesakoski, O., Korhonen, K., Lehtinen, J., Syrjanen, K. & Wahlberg N.
2013Cultural and climatic changes shape the evolutionary history of the Uralic languages. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26(6): 1244–1253. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F.
2001MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogeny. Bioinformatics 17: 754–755. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Huson, D. H. & Bryant, D.
2006Application of phylogenetic networks in evolutionary studies. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23: 254–267. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jansson, F., Parkvall, M. & Strimling, P.
2015 Modeling the evolution of creoles. Language Dynamics and Change 5: 1–51. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kanj, I. A., Nakhleh, L. & Xia, G.
2008The compatibility of binary characters on phylogenetic networks: Complexity and parameterized algorithms. Algorithmica 51(2): 99–128. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kraft, K. H., Brown, C. H., Nabhan, G. P., Luedeling, E., Ruiz, J. D. L., d’Eeckenbrugge, G. C., Hijmans, R. J. & Gepts, P.
2014Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum, in Mexico. Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of The United States Of America 111: 6165–6170. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, W.
2007Transmission and diffusion. Language 83: 344–387. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, S. & Hasegawa, T.
2011Bayesian phylogenetic analysis supports an agricultural origin of Japonic languages. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278(1725): 3662–3669. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lefebvre, C.
1998Creole Genesis and the Acquisition of Grammar: The Case of Haitian Creole. Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
2011The problem of the typological classification of creoles. In Creoles, their Substrates, and Language Typology [Typological Studies in Language 95], C. Lefebvre (ed.), 3–33. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
List, J.-M., Nelson-Sathi, S., Geisler, H. & Martin, W.
2014aNetworks of lexical borrowing and lateral gene transfer in language and genome evolution. BioEssays 36: 141–150. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
List, J.-M., Nelson-Sathi, S., Martin W. & Geisler, H.
2014bUsing phylogenetic networks to model Chinese dialect history. Language Dynamics and Change 4(2): 222–252. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marx, V.
2013Biology: The big challenges of big data. Nature 498: 255–260. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maurits, L. & Griffiths, T. L.
2014Tracing the roots of syntax with Bayesian phylogenetics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(37): 13576–13581. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McMahon, A. & McMahon, R.
2003Finding families: Quantitative methods in language classification. Transactions of the Philological Society 101(1): 7–55. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006Why linguists don’t do dates: Evidence from Indo-European and Australian languages. In Phylogenetic Methods and the Prehistory of Languages, P. Forster & C. Renfrew (eds), 153–160. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.Google Scholar
McWhorter, J. & Parkvall, M.
2002Pas tout à fait du français: Une étude créole. Études Créoles XXV(1): 179–231.Google Scholar
Mir, C., Zerjal, T., Combes, V., Dumas, F., Madur, D., Bedoya, C., Dreisigacker, S., Franco, J., Grudloyma, P., Hao, P. X., Hearne, S., Jampatong, C., Laloe, D., Muthamia, Z., Nguyen, T., Prasanna, B. M., Taba, S., Xie, C. X., Yunus, M., Zhang, S., Warburton, M. L. & Charcosset, A.
2013Out of America: tracing the genetic footprints of the global diffusion of maize. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 126: 2671–2682. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mufwene, S. S.
2007Les créoles: De nouvelles variétés indo- européennes désavouées? In Actes du colloque: Créolisation linguistique et sciences humaines, 59–70. Paris: Les Presses universitaires Haitiano-Antillaises.Google Scholar
Mühlhäusler, P.
1980Structural expansion and the process of creolization. In Theoretical Orientations in Creole Studies, A. Valdman & A. Highfield, (eds), 19– 55. New York NY: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Nakhleh, L., Warnow, T., Ringe, D. & Evans, S. N.
2005A comparison of phylogenetic reconstruction methods on an IE dataset. Transactions of the Philological Society 3(2): 171–192. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nettle, D.
1999Is the rate of linguistic change constant? Lingua 108: 119–136 CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nichols, J.
1992Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nichols, J. & Warnow, T.
2008Tutorial on computational linguistic phylogeny. Language and Linguistics Compass 2(5): 760–820. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nurbakova, D., Rusakov, S. & Alexandrov, V.
2013Quantifying uncertainty in phylogenetic studies of the Slavonic languages. Procedia Computer Science. 2013 International Conference on Computational Science 18: 2269–2277. Crossref.Google Scholar
Owens, J.
1991Nubi, genetic linguistics, and language classification. Anthropological Linguistics 33(1): 1–30.Google Scholar
Pagel, M.
2009Human language as a culturally transmitted replicator. Nature Reviews Genetics 10: 405–415. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pagel, M., Atkinson, Q. D., Calude, A. S. & Meade, A.
2013Ultraconserved words point to deep language ancestry across Eurasia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(21): 8471–8476. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Parkvall, M.
2008Which parts of language are the most stable? STUF 61(3): 234–250.Google Scholar
Parkvall, M. & Goyette, S.
Forthcoming. Principia Creolica.
Parkvall, M., Jansson, F. & Strimling, P.
2013Simulating the genesis of Mauritian. Acta Linguistica Hafniensia: International Journal of Linguistics 45(2): 265–273. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Perrier, X., De Langhe, E., Donohue, M., Lentfer, C., Vrydaghs, L., Bakry, F., Carreel, F., Hippolyte, I., Horry, J.-P., Jenny, C., Lebot, V., Risterucci, A.-M., Tomekpe, K., Doutrelepont, H., Ball, T., Manwaring, J., de Maret, P. & Denham, T.
2011Multidisciplinary perspectives on banana (Musa spp.) domestication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(28): 11311–11318. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Reesink, G., Singer, R., & Dunn, M.
2009Explaining the linguistic diversity of Sahul using population models. PLoS Biology 7(11), e1000241. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Renfrew, C.
1987Archaeology and Language: The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins. Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar
Rexová, K., Frynta, D. & Zrzavy, J.
2003Cladistic analysis of languages: Indo-European classification based on lexicostatistical data. Cladistics 19: 120–127. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rutschmann, F.
2006Molecular dating of phylogenetic trees: A brief review of current methods that estimate divergence times. Diversity and Distributions 12: 35–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Saitou, N. & Nei, M.
1987The neighbor-joining method: A new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 4(4): 406–425.Google Scholar
Schlegel, F.
1808Ueber die sprache und weisheit der Indier: Ein beitrag zur begrundung der alterthumskunde. Heidelberg: Mohr und Zimmer.Google Scholar
Schleicher, A.
1853Die ersten Spaltungen des indogermanischen Urvolkes. Allgemeine Zeitung für Wissenschaft und Literatur (August 1853): 786–787.Google Scholar
1863Die Darwinsche Theorie und die Sprachwissenschaft. Weimar: Hermann Böhlau.Google Scholar
Schmidt, J.
1871Zur Geschichte des indogermanischen Vocalismus, Vol. 1. Weimar: H. Böhlau.Google Scholar
Sicoli, M. A. & Holton, G.
2014Linguistic phylogenies support back-migration from Beringia to Asia. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91722. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stassen, L.
2013Predicative possession. In Dryer & Haspelmath (eds). http://​wals​.info​/chapter​/117 (11 November 2014).
Steel, M. A., Penny, D. & Hendy, M. D.
1988Loss of information in genetic distances. Nature 336(6195): 118. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Swadesh, M.
1952Lexico-statistic dating of prehistoric ethnic contacts. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 96: 453–463.Google Scholar
1955Toward greater accuracy in lexicostatistical dating. International Journal of American Linguistics 21: 121–137. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1972The Origin and Diversification of Languages. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
Thomason, S. G. & Kaufman, T.
1988Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Towner, M. C., Grote, M. N., Venti, J. & Borgerhoff Mulder, M.
2012Cultural macroevolution on neighbor graphs. Human Nature 23: 283–305. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Turvey, S. & Pettorelli, N.
2014Spatial congruence in language and species richness but not threat in the world’s top linguistic hotspot. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 218: 20141644.Google Scholar
Walker, R. S. & Ribeiro, L. A.
2011Bayesian phylogeography of the Arawak expansion in lowland South America. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278(1718): 2562–2567. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wichmann, S. & Kamholz, D.
2008A stability metric for typological features. STUF 61(3): 251–262.Google Scholar
Wichmann, S. & Holman, E. W.
2009Temporal Stability of Linguistic Typological Features. Munich: Lincom.Google Scholar
Wichmann, S. & Grant, A. P.
(eds) 2012Quantitative Approaches to Linguistic Diversity: Commemorating the Centenary of the Birth of Morris Swadesh [Benjamins Current Topics 46]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wiley, E. O.
1988Vicariance biogeography. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 19: 513–542. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Winford, D.
2005Contact-induced changes. Classification and processes. Diachronica 22(2): 373–427. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, Z., Wei, S. G., Gui, H. S., Yuan, Z. Y. & Li, S. B.
2014The contribution of genetic diversity to subdivide populations living in the silk road of China. PLoS ONE 9(5): e97344. CrossrefGoogle Scholar