Chapter published in:
T. Givón
[Not in series 230] 2020
► pp. 228248


Baldwin, J. M.
(1896) “A new factor in evolution”, American Naturalist, 30.Google Scholar
Bickerton, D.
(2005) “The origin of language in niche construction”, Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii at Manoa (ms.).Google Scholar
Boesch, C.
(2002) “Cooperative hunting roles among Tai chimpanzees”, Human Nature, 13.Google Scholar
(2005) “Joint cooperative hunting among chimpanzees: Taking natural observations seriously”, Behavior and Brain Science, 28, (comments on Tomasello et al. 2005).Google Scholar
Boesch, C. and H. Boesch-Achermann
(2000) The Chimpanzees of Tai Forest: Behavioral Ecology and Evolution, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bonner, J. T.
(1988) The Evolution of Complexity, Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Bräuer, J., J. Call and M. Tomasello
(2007) “Chimpanzees really know what others can see in a competitive situation”, Animal Cognition, 10.Google Scholar
Bugnyar, T.
(2011) “Knower-guesser differentiation in ravens: Others’ viewpoint matters”, Proc. of the Royal Soc. of London, B. Biological Sci., 273.Google Scholar
(2013) “”Social cognition in ravens”, Compar. Cognition and Behavior Review, 8.Google Scholar
Bugnyar, T. and B. Heinrich
(2005) “Ravens, Corvus corax, differentiate between knowledgeable and ignorant competitors”, Proc. Royal Soc of London, B. Bioilogical Sci., 272.Google Scholar
Bugnyar, T., S. A. Reber and C. Buckner
(2016) “Ravens attribute visual access to unseen competitors”, Natural Communication, 7.Google Scholar
Burt, A. and R. Trivers
(2006) Genes in Conflict, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Cheney, D. L. and R. M. Seyfarth
(1990) How Monkeys See the World, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Cheney, D. and R. Seyfarth
(2007) Baboon Metaphysics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Chomsky, N.
(1968) Language and Mind, NY: Harcourt, Brace and World.Google Scholar
Clayton, N. S., J. M. Daly and N. J. Emery
(2007) “Social cognition by food-caching corvids: The western scrub-jay as a natural psychologist”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Soc. of London, B. Biological Sci., 362.Google Scholar
Confucius, The Analects
tr. and annotated with an Introduction by A. Waley (1938), NY: Vintage (ppbk 1989).Google Scholar
Crockford, C., R. M. Wittig, R. Mundry and K. Zuberbühler
(2012) “Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger”, Current Biology, 22.Google Scholar
Crockford, C., R. M. Wittig and K. Zuberbühler
(2015) “An intentional vocalization draws other’ attention: A playback experiment with wild chimpanzees”, Animal Cognition, 18.Google Scholar
(2017) “Vocalizing in chimpanzees is influence by social-cognitive processes”, Science Advances, 3.11 (Nov. 2017).Google Scholar
Daly, J. M., N. J. Emery and N. S. Clayton
(2006) “Food-caching western scrub-jays keep track of who was watching when”, Science, 312.Google Scholar
Darwin, C.
(1859) The Origin of Species, in E. O. Wilson (ed. 2006).Google Scholar
(1871) The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, in E. O. Wilson (ed. 2006).Google Scholar
de Waal, F.
(1982) Chimpanzee Politics: Power and Sex among the Apes, London: Unwin Paperbacks/Counterpoint.Google Scholar
(1989) Peace Making Among Primates, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
(2013) The Bonobo and the Atheist, NY: Norton.Google Scholar
de Waal, F. and F. Lanting
(1997) Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape, Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Diamond, J.
(2005) Collapse, NY: Viking.Google Scholar
Dunbar, R.
(1992) “Co-evolution of cortex size, group size and language”, Brain and Behavior Sciences, 16.4.Google Scholar
Elster, J.
(ed. 1985) The Divided Self, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Fernald, R. D. and S. A. White
(2000) “Social control of brain: From behavior to genes”, in M. Gazzaniga (ed.) The New Cognitive Neuroscience, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Flombaum, J. I. and L. R. Santos
(2005) “Rhesus monkeys attribute perception to others”, Current Biology, 15.Google Scholar
Futuyma, D.
(1986) Evolutionary Biology, 2nd edition, Sunderland, MA: Sinauer & Assoc.Google Scholar
Givón, T.
(1979/2018) On Understanding Grammar, NY: Academic Press; revised edition [2018] Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.Google Scholar
(1995) Functionalism and Grammar, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.Google Scholar
(2002) Bio-Linguistics, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.Google Scholar
(2005) Context as Other Minds, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.Google Scholar
(2009) The Genesis of Syntactic Complexity, Amsterdam: J. Benjamins.Google Scholar
(2017a) “Tale of two cultures”, Durango Herald, OpEd Section, Sept. 9/10 2017.Google Scholar
(2017b) “Are we a warlike species?” talk to the Life Long Learning forum, Ft. Lewis College, Durango, CO (March 2017).Google Scholar
Goffman, E.
(1974) Frame Analysis, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Goodall, J.
(1965) “Chimpanzees of the Gombe Stream reserve”, in E. deVore (ed) Primate Behavior: Field Studies of Monkeys and Apes, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
Hamilton, W. D.
(1964) “The genetic evolution of social behavior”, J. of Theoretical Biology, 7.1.Google Scholar
Hare, B., J. Call and M. Tomasello
(2000) “Chimpanzees know what conspecifics do and do not see”, Animal Behavior, 59.Google Scholar
Heller, N.
(2017) “The digital republic”, The New Yorker, 12/18-25/17.Google Scholar
Heyes, C.
(2014) “Animal mind-reading: What’s the problem?”, Psychology Bulletin Review, 22.Google Scholar
Hobbes, T.
(1651) Leviathan, Sweden: Wisehouse Classics [2016].Google Scholar
Hrdy, S. B.
(1999) Mother Nature, NY: Pantheon.Google Scholar
(2009) Mothers and Others, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Huxley, A.
(1932) Brave New World, NY: Harper.Google Scholar
Kern, J. M. and A. N. Radford
(2017) “Reduced social-information provision by immigrants and use by residents following dispersal”, Current Biology, 27.13 (Dec. 4 2017).Google Scholar
Klein, R. G.
(1989) The Human Career: Human Biological and Cultural Origins, Chicago: University of Chicago Press [2nd edition 1999].Google Scholar
Lamarck, J.-B.
(1809) Philosophie Zoologique, ou Exposition des Considerations Relative a l’Histoire Naturelle des Animaux, Paris; English translation by H. Elliot, The Zoological Philosophy, London: Macmillan [1914]Google Scholar
Lamendella, J.
(1976) “Relations between the ontogeny and phylogeny of language: A neo-recapitulationist view”, in S. R. Harnad, S. D. Stelkis and J. Lancaster (eds), The Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech, NY: New York Academy of Science.Google Scholar
Lao Tse Tao Teh Ching (Book of the Tao)
tr. with a Retroduction by T. Givón, Ignacio, CO: White Cloud Publishing (2012).Google Scholar
Leach, E. R.
(1958) “Concerning Trobriand clans and the kinship category Tabu ”, in J. Goody (ed.) The Developmental Cycle in Domestic Groups, Cambridge Papers in Social Anthropology, 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lounsbury, F. G.
(1965) “Another view of the Trobriand kinship categories”, American Anthropologist, 67.5.Google Scholar
Malthus, T. R.
(1798) An Essay on the Principle of Population.Google Scholar
Marlowe, F. W.
(2005) “Hunter-gatherers and human evolution”, Evolutionary Anthropology, 14.Google Scholar
(2010) The Hadza Hunter-Gatherers of Tanzania, Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Malinowski, B.
(1932) The Sexual Life of Savages in Northwestern Melanesia, 3rd edition, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
(1935) Coral Gardens and Their Magic, London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
Mayr, E.
(1963) Animal Species and Evolution, Cambridge., MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
(1976) Evolution and the Diversity of Life, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
(1982) The Growth of Biological Thought, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Murray, C.
(2012) Coming Apart, NY Crown Publishers.Google Scholar
Okasha, S.
(2006) Evolution and the Level of Selection, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Power, M.
(1991) The Egalitarians: Human and Chimpanzee, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Rousseau, J.-J.
(1762) The Social Contract and Other Later Political Writings, ed. by V. Gourevitch (ed. 1997), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Sapolsky, R. M.
(2017) Behave: The Biology of Humans at our Best and Worst, NY: Penguin.Google Scholar
Schieffelin, E.
(1976) The Sorrow of the Lonely and the Burning of the Dancer, New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
Schmahmann, J. D., D. N. Pandya, R. Wang, G. Dai, H. E. D’Arceuil, A. J. de Crespigny and V. J. Wideen
(2007) “Associate fiber pathways of the brain: Parallel observation from diffuse spectrum imaging and autoradiography”, Brain, 130.Google Scholar
Schmelz, M., J. Call and M. Tomasello
(2011) “Chimpanzees know that others make inferences”, Proc. Nat. Acad. of Sci., USA, 108.Google Scholar
Schmidt, M. F. H. and M. Tomasello
(2112) “Young children enforce social norms”, Psychological Science, 21.4.Google Scholar
Seyfarth, R. M. and D. L. Cheney
(2012) “Animal cognition: Chimpanzee alarm calls depend on what others know”, Current Biology, 22Google Scholar
Silberbauer, G.
(1981) “Hunters/gatherers of the central Kalahari”, in R. Harding and G. Teleki (eds) Omnivorous Primates: Gathering and Hunting in Human Evolution, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Simon, H.
(1962) “The architecture of complexityProc. Amer. Philos. Soc., 106.6. (Dec. 1962).Google Scholar
Smith, A.
(1759) The Theory of Moral Sentiment, Lexington, KY [2012].Google Scholar
(1776) An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner, eds, Edinburgh [1978].Google Scholar
Stiglitz, J.
(2015) The Great Divide, NY: Norton.Google Scholar
Stiles, D.
(1994) “On evolutionary ecology and cultural realities”, Current Anthropology, 35.4.Google Scholar
Tomasello, M.
(2009) Why we Cooperate?, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Tomasello, M., A. Melis, C. Tennie, E. Wyman and E. Herrmann
(2012) “Two key steps in the evolution of human cooperation”, Current Anthropology, 53.Google Scholar
Tomasello, M. and A. Vaish
(2013) “Origins of human cooperation and morality”, Ann. Review of Psychology, 64.Google Scholar
Trivers, R.
(1971) “The evolution of reciprocal altruism”, Quarterly Review of Biology, 46.Google Scholar
Tucker, D.
in prep.) Right Wing, Left Wing: The Dialectical Development of Human Intelligence, University of Oregon, Eugene (ms.)
Tucker, D., F. Luu and D. Derryberry
(2005) “Love hurts: The evolution of empathic concern through encephalization of nociceptive capacity”, Development and Psychopathology, 17.Google Scholar
Tucker, D. and F. Luu
(2012) Cognition and Neural Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Turnbull, C. M.
(1968) “Contemporary societies: The hunters,” in D. L. Sills (ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. 7, NY: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Vance, J. D.
(2016) Hillbilly Elegy, NY: Harper.Google Scholar
Waddington, C. H.
(1942) “Canalization of development and the inheritance of acquired characters”, Nature, 150.Google Scholar
(1953) “”Genetic assimilation of an acquired character”, Evolution, 7Google Scholar
Wallace, A. F. C.
(1961) Culture and Personality, New York: Random House.Google Scholar
Watson, J. D., and F. H. C. Crick
(1953) “A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid”, Nature, 171.Google Scholar
West-Eberhard, M. J.
(2003) Developmental Plasticity and Evolution, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Whiten, A.
(2013) “Humans are not alone in computing how others see the world”, Animal Behavior, 86.Google Scholar
Wilson, D. S.
(1975) “A theory of group selection”, Proc. of Nat. Acad., of Science, USA, 72.Google Scholar
(1977) “Structured demes and the evolution of group advantageous traits”, American Naturalist, 111.Google Scholar
(1980) The Natural Selection of Populations and Communities, Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings.Google Scholar
(1997) “Altruism and organisms: Disentangling the themes of multi-level selection theory”, American Naturalist, 150.Google Scholar
Wilson, E. O.
(1975) Sociobiology.Google Scholar
(ed. 2006) From so Simple Beginnings: The Four Great Books of Charles Darwin, NY: Norton.Google Scholar
(2012) The Social Conquest of the Earth, NY: Liveright Publishing.Google Scholar
Weiner, A.
(1976) Women of Value, Men of Renown: New Perspectives on Trobriand Exchange, Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
Woodburn, J.
(1982) “Egalitarian societies”, Man, 17.3.Google Scholar
Wrangham, R. and D. Peterson
(1996) Demonic Males: Apes and the Origin of Human Violence, Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Young, P. and T. Givón
(1990) “The Society of Intimates and the Society of Strangers”, Research Document no. xxxx, Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.Google Scholar
Zuberbühler, K.
(2000) “Referential labeling in Diana monkeys”, Animal Behavior, 59.Google Scholar
(2002) “A syntactic rule in forest monkey communications”, Animal Behavior, 63.Google Scholar