Empiricism and the Foundations of Psychology

| Virginia Commonwealth University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027213532 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027273857 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
Intended for philosophically minded psychologists and psychologically minded philosophers, this book identifies the ways that psychology has hobbled itself by adhering too strictly to empiricism, this being the doctrine that all knowledge is observation-based. In the first part of this two-part work, we show that empiricism is false. In the second part, we identify the psychology-relevant consequences of this fact. Five of these are of special importance:

(i) Whereas some psychopathologies (e.g. obsessive-compulsive disorder) corrupt the activity mediated by one’s psychological architecture, others (e.g. sociopathy) corrupt that architecture itself.

(ii) The basic tenets of psychoanalysis are coherent.

(iii) All propositional attitudes are beliefs.

(iv) Selves are minds that self-evaluate.

And:

(v) It is by giving our thoughts a perceptible form that we enable ourselves to evaluate them, and it is by expressing ourselves in language and art that we give our thoughts a perceptible form. (Series A)

[Advances in Consciousness Research, 87]  2012.  viii, 477 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Part I
1. Introduction: Empiricism and scientism
3–47
2. A dogmatic statement of the problems with empiricism
49–60
3. Empiricism’s blindness to the non-spatiotemporal
61–87
4. Wittgenstein on meaning: Part 1 – the picture-theory
89–104
5. Wittgenstein on meaning: Part 2 – meaning as use
105–125
6. Some consequences of the empiricism-driven conflation of analytic with introspective knowledge
127–140
7. Subpersonal mentation
141–152
8. Empiricist conceptions of causation and explanation
153–241
9. Skepticism about induction and about perception
243–250
Part II
10. Emotion as belief
253–272
11. Desires, intentions, and values
273–285
12. Actions vs. reactions, desires vs. urges
287–294
13. Moral and aesthetic nihilism as embodiments of false theories of rationality and selfhood
295–318
14. The cognitive and characterological consequences of linguistic competence
319–339
15. Rationality and internal conflict
341–414
16. Sociopathy, psychopathy, and criminality
415–462
References
463–472
Index
473–477
“‘7 + 5 = 12.’ For Kant, in his Kritik der reinen Vernunft, this was a simple expression of an analytically true judgment. But for Kuczynski, in his new book, things are not all that simple. [...] Century old conundrums like the mind-body distinction, or more recent ones such as the quarrel between empiricists and rationalists are given new, thought- and controversy-provoking input. Kuczynski’s treatise is a must read for all those interested in what happens at the crossroads of philosophy, psychology, linguistics, the social and natural sciences, and other hot spots of current (even political) debates. While, as they say, the proof of the pudding is in the eating, the reward of this book is not just in the reading, but in the intellectual and critical challenges it provides.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Simon, Carsta
2020. The ontogenetic evolution of verbal behavior. European Journal of Behavior Analysis  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo

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Subjects
BIC Subject: JMR – Cognition & cognitive psychology
BISAC Subject: PSY008000 – PSYCHOLOGY / Cognitive Psychology & Cognition
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2012009871