Article published In:
Asia-Pacific Language Variation
Vol. 1:1 (2015) ► pp.5277
Abramson, Arthur S
(2004) The plausibility of phonetic explanations of tonogenesis. In G. Fant, Hiroya Fujisaki, Jianfen Cao, & Yi Xu (Eds.), From traditional phonology to modern speech processing: Festschrift for Professor Wu Zongji’s 95th birthday (pp. 17–29). Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.Google Scholar
Baayen, R.H
(2008) Analyzing linguistic data: A practical introduction to statistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Beddor, Patrice Speeter
(2009) A coarticulatory path to sound change. Language, 85(4), 785–821. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Björverud, Susanna
(1998) A grammar of Lalo. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Lund University.
Boersma, Paul, & Weenink, David
(2012) Praat: Doing phonetics by computer. Retrieved October 17, 2012, from [URL]
Bradley, David
(1977) Proto-Loloish tones. In David Bradley, Papers in Southeast Asian Linguistics (pp. 1–22). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.Google Scholar
(1979) Proto-Loloish. London: Curzon Press.Google Scholar
Brown, J. Marvin
(1975) The great tone split: Did it work in two opposite ways? In Jimmy G. Harris, & James R. Chamberlain (Eds.), Studies in Tai linguistics in honor of William J. Gedney (pp. 33–48). Bangkok: Central Institute of English Language.Google Scholar
Brunelle, Marc
(2011) Perception in the field. Paper presented at the Seventeenth International Conference on Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVII), City University of Hong Kong.
Carroll, Lucien
(2010) A diachronic chain shift in the sandhi tones of Jinhua Wu. Paper presented at Linguistics Student Association Colloquium, San Diego State University.
Coates, Jennifer, & Pichler, Pia
(2011) Language and gender. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Edmondson, Jerold, Esling, John, Harris, Jimmy, & Wei, James
(2004) A phonetic study of Sui consonants and tones. Mon-Khmer Studies, 341, 47–66.Google Scholar
Flemming, Edward
(2004) Contrast and perceptual distinctiveness. In Bruce Hayes, Robert Kirchner, & Donca Steriade (Eds.), Phonetically based phonology (pp. 232–276). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Garellek, Marc, Keating, Patricia, & Esposito, Christina
(2012) Relative importance of phonation cues in White Hmong tone. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp.179–189). Retrieved May 13, 2013, from [URL]. DOI logo
Haudricourt, André-Georges
(1954) De l’origine des tons en vietnamien. Journal Asiatique, 2421, 69–82.Google Scholar
(1961) Bipartition et tripartition des systèmes de tons dans quelqueslangues d’Extrême-Orient. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris, 56(1), 163–180.Google Scholar
Hessler, Peter
(2010) Country driving: A journey through China from farm to factory. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
Holmes, Janet, & Meyerhoff, Miriam
(2003) The handbook of language and gender. Malden, MA: Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hyman, Larry
(1976) Phonologization. In Alphonse Juilland, Andrew. M. Devine, & Laurence D. Stephens (Eds.), Linguistic studies presented to Joseph Greenberg (pp. 407–418). Saratoga: Anma Libri.Google Scholar
(2013) Towards a typology of tone system changes. Key note address given at the 3rd International Conference on Phonetics and Phonology (3rd ICPP), National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL).
Hyslop, Gwendolyn
(2009) Kurtöp tone: A tonogenetic case study. Lingua, 119(6), 827–845. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Johnson, Daniel Ezra
(2009) Getting off the GoldVarb standard: Rbrul for mixed-effects variable rule analysis. Language and Linguistics Compass, 31, 359–383. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kang, Kyoung-Ho, & Guion, Susan G
(2008) Clear speech production of Korean stops: Changing phonetic targets and enhancement strategies. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1241, 3909–3917. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kang, Yoonjung, & Han, Sungwoo
(2013) Tonogenesis in early Contemporary Seoul Korean: A longitudinal case study. Lingua, 1341, 62–74. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kim, Mi-Ryoung, Beddor, Patrice Speeter, & Horrocks, Julie
(2002) The contribution of consonantal and vocalic information to the perception of Korean initial stops. Journal of Phonetics, 30(1), 77–100. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kirby, James
(2013) The role of probabilistic enhancement in phonologization. In Alan C. Yu (Ed.), Origins of sound patterns: Approaches to phonologization (pp. 228–246). Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Labov, William
(1963) The social motivation of a sound change. Word, 191, 273–309. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(1966) The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.Google Scholar
(1990) The intersection of sex and social class in the course of linguistic change. Language Variation and Change, 21, 205–254. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2001) Principles of linguistic change, volume 2: Social factors. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
(2007) Transmission and diffusion. Language, 83(2), 344–387. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lee, Hyunjung, Politzer-Ahles, Stephen, & Jongman, Allard
(2013) Speakers of tonal and non-tonal Korean dialects use different cue weightings. Journal of Phonetics, 41(2), 117–132. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lee, Leslie
(2010) The tonal system of Singapore Mandarin. In Lauren Eby Clemens, & Chi-Ming Louis Liu (Eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-22) & the 18th International Conference on Chinese Linguistics (IACL-18) (pp. 345–362). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
Lennes, Mietta
(2002) Calculate-segment-durations. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from [URL]
Lin, Jing
(1993) Education in post-Mao China. Westport, CN: Praeger.Google Scholar
Maddieson, Ian
(2013) Tone. In Matthew S. Dryer, & Martin Haspelmath (Eds.), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Retrieved June 20, 2014, from [URL]Google Scholar
Matisoff, James A
(1970) Glottal dissimilation and the Lahu high-rising tone: A tonogenetic case-study. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 90(1), 13–44. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(1973) Tonogenesis in southeast Asia. In Larry M. Hyman (Ed.), Consonant type and tone (pp. 71–95). Los Angeles: University of Southern California.Google Scholar
Mazaudon, Martine, & Michaud, Alexis
(2008) Tonal contrasts and initial consonants: A case study of Tamang, a ‘missing link’ in tonogenesis. Phonetica, 651, 231–256. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Michaud, Alexis
(2012) The complex tones of East/Southeast Asian languagesː Current challenges for typology and modelling. Key note address presented at the Third International Symposium on Tonal Aspects of Languages, Nanjing, China.
Mok, Peggy P.K., Zuo, Donghui, & Wong, Peggy W.Y
(2013) Production and perception of a sound change in progress: Tone merging in Hong Kong Cantonese. Language Variation and Change, 25(3), 341–370. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Norman, Jerry
(1988) Chinese. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ohala, John J
(1993) Sound change as nature’s speech perception experiment. Speech Communication, 131, 155–161. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2003) Phonetics and historical phonology. In Brian Joseph, & Richard Janda (Eds.), The handbook of historical linguistics (pp. 669–686). Malden, MA: Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Osnos, Evan
(2014) Age of ambition: Chasing fortune, truth, and faith in the new China. New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.Google Scholar
Pittayaporn, Pittayawat
(2007) Directionality of tone change. In Jürgen Trouvain, & William J. Barry (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVI) (pp. 1421–1424). Saarbrücken: Saarland University.Google Scholar
(2013) Contour change as restructuring of tonal variation: The case of Tone 4 in Thai. Paper presented at the 3rd International Conference on Phonetics and Phonology (3rd ICPP), National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL).
Ross, Elliot, Edmondson, Jerold, & Seibert, Burton G
(1986) The effect of affect on various acoustic measures of prosody in tone and non-tone languages: A comparison based on computer analysis of voice. Journal of Phonetics 14(2), 283–302. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sanders, Robert
(2008) Tonetic sound change in Taiwan Mandarin: The case of Tone 2 and Tone 3 citation contours. In Marjorie K.M. Chan, & Hana Kang (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-20) (pp. 87–107). Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
Silva, David J
(2006) Acoustic evidence for the emergence of tonal contrast in contemporary Korean. Phonology, 231, 287–308. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stanford, James N
(2008) A sociotonetic analysis of Sui dialect contact. Language Variation and Change, 20(3), 409–50. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013) A practical guide to sociotonetics [software and instructions]. Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.Google Scholar
Svantesson, Jan-Olof, & House, David
(2006) Tone production, tone perception and Kammu tonogenesis. Phonology, 231, 309–333. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Teeranon, Phanintra
(2007) The change of Standard Thai high tone: An acoustic study and a perceptual experiment. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 4(3), 1–16.Google Scholar
Thurgood, Graham
(2002) Vietnamese and tonogenesis: Revising the model and the analysis. Diachronica, 19(2), 333–363. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Trudgill, Peter
(1974) The social differentiation of English in Norwich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Wolfram, Walt, & Schilling-Estes, Natalie
(2006) American English. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Wright, Jonathan D
(2007) Laryngeal contrast in Seoul Korean. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Xu, Yi
(1999) Effects of tone and focus on the formation and alignment of F0 contours. Journal of Phonetics, 271, 55–105. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2001) Fundamental frequency peak delay in Mandarin. Phonetica, 581, 26–52. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yang, Cathryn
(2010) Lalo regional varieties: Phylogeny, dialectometry, and sociolinguistics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, La Trobe University. Retrieved April 30, 2011, from [URL]
Yip, Moira
(2002) Tone. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zhong, Joy
(2013) Extract Pitches [Praat script]. Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.
Zhou, Minglang
(2012) The contact between Putonghua (Modern Standard Chinese) and minority languages in China. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 2151, 1–17. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zhu, Xiaonong
(1999) Shanghai tonetics. Munich; Newcastle: Lincom Europa.Google Scholar
Zsiga, Elizabeth
(2008) Modeling diachronic change in the Thai tonal space. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 14(1), 395–408.Google Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 8 other publications

Gao, Jiayin & Martine Mazaudon
2022. Flexibility and evolution of cue weighting after a tonal split: an experimental field study on Tamang. Linguistics Vanguard 8:s5  pp. 583 ff. DOI logo
Lin, Yuhan
2018. The role of educational factors in the development of lexical splits. Asia-Pacific Language Variation 4:1  pp. 36 ff. DOI logo
Thurgood, Graham
2020. Tonogenesis. In The Handbook of Historical Linguistics,  pp. 47 ff. DOI logo
Yang, Cathryn
2022. The phonetic tone change *high > rising. Diachronica 39:2  pp. 226 ff. DOI logo
Yang, Cathryn, James N. Stanford, Yang Liu, Jinjing Jiang & Liufang Tang
2019. Variation in the tonal space of Yangliu Lalo, an endangered language of Yunnan, China. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 42:1  pp. 2 ff. DOI logo
Yang, Cathryn & Yi Xu
2019. Crosslinguistic trends in tone change. Diachronica 36:3  pp. 417 ff. DOI logo
Zhang, Jingfen
2020. 潮陽地區四降調系統的變異及演化. Language and Linguistics. 語言暨語言學 21:3  pp. 467 ff. DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 10 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.