Bound pronoun variation in Gurindji and Bilinarra
This is the first quantitative study of bound pronoun variation in an Australian language. Bound pronouns in Gurindji and Bilinarra (Ngumpin-Yapa, Pama-Nyungan) are obligatory for first and second persons, categorically absent for the third person minimal, and used 73% of the time to cross-reference third person non-minimal referents and minimal third person oblique referents. A total of 1095 tokens of referents were coded for three predictors: the grammatical relation of the referent, whether the referent was human and whether a co-referential nominal was also present in the clause. A number of properties of the referent significantly decreased the appearance of a bound pronoun including if the referent was non-human, non-human and an object, or also cross-referenced by a nominal. This variation has a number of implications for the function of bound pronouns in discourse and characterisations of non-configurational languages.
Published online: 31 December 2015
Cited by 3 other publications
Meakins, Felicity & Rachel Nordlinger
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Austin, Peter, & Bresnan, Joan
Bresnan, Joan, & Ford, Marilyn
Charola, Erika, & Meakins, Felicity
(Eds.) in press Yijarni: True stories from Gurindji country Canberra Aboriginal Studies Press
Genetti, Carol, & Crain, Laura D.
Haig, Geoffrey, & Schnell, Stefan
in press). The discourse basis of ergativity revisited. Language.
McConvell, Patrick, & Laughren, Mary
Meakins, Felicity, & O’Shannessy, Carmel
Meakins, Felicity, McConvell, Patrick, Charola, Erika, McNair, Norm, McNair, Helen, & Campbell, Lauren
Meakins, Felicity, & Nordlinger, Rachel
Nakagawa, Shinichi, & Schielzeth, Holger