Diglossia and change from below in Eastern Cham
Diglossia canonically refers to language situations with unequal attitudes towards a formal ‘H’ variety, connected to writing, and a colloquial ‘L’ variety, connected to everyday speech. This paper claims that variation that arises as a marker of diglossia can become dissociated from it and persist in the L variety, if it is sufficiently orthogonal to the writing system. With a sociolinguistic survey (n = 30), this paper examines five variables that were markers of quasi-diglossia in Eastern Cham in previous decades. Three of the variables continue to be stereotypes or shibboleths of diglossia, while the other two no longer exhibit any correlation with diglossia: the spirantization of r and the labial coarticulation of ŋ. The latter were changes from below that decoupled from diglossia, because they were sufficiently opaque to Cham script.
Keywords: diglossia, formality, language contact, Austronesian, Southeast Asia, Vietnamese
Keywords: song biệt ngữ, nghi thức, tiếp xúc ngôn ngữ, Ngữ hệ Nam Đảo, Đông Nam Á, Tiếng Việt
Published online: 17 September 2018
Aymonier, Etienne, & Cabaton, Antoine
Baayen, R. Harald
Bates, Douglas, Maechler, Martin, Bolker, Ben, & Walker, Steve
Brezina, Vaclav, & Meyerhoff, Miriam
[ p. 98 ]
Brunelle, Marc, & Phú, Văn Hẳn
Bùi, Khánh Thế
(2013) pwr: basic functions for power analysis (R package version 1.2–1). Available from http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=pwr.
Hoàng, Thị Châu
Kirby, James, & Sonderegger, Morgan
Lee, Ernest Wilson
Marrison, Geoffrey[ p. 99 ]
Moran, Steven, McCloy, Daniel, & Wright, Richard
(Eds.) (2014) PHOIBLE Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Available from http://phoible.org.
Moussay, Fr. Gérard
Moussay, Fr. Gérard
Phú, Văn Hẳn, Edmondson, Jerold, & Gregerson, Kenneth
Platt, John T.
(1991) Le déclin du Campa entre le XVIe et le XIXe siècle [The decline of the Champa between the 16th and the 18th century]. Le Campā et le Monde Malais: actes de la Conférence internationale sur le Campā et le monde malais [The Champā and the Malay World: Proceedings of the International Conference on Campā and the Malay World] (pp. 47–64). Paris: Publications du Centre d’histoire et Civilisations de la Péninsule Indochinoise.
Poplack, Shana, Zentz, Lauren, & Dion, Nathalie
PTB *səw SHEEP
(2015) In James A. Matisoff (Ed.), The Sino-Tibetan Etymological Dictionary and Thesaurus. Retrieved from http://stedt.berkeley.edu/~stedt-cgi/rootcanal.pl/etymon/6080
Quang, Can D.
R Core Team
(2015) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available from https://www.R-project.org/.
Schweyer, Anne Valérie
Stanford, James N., Severance, Nathan, & Baclawski Jr, Kenneth[ p. 100 ]
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 06 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.