Article published in:
Asia-Pacific Language Variation
Vol. 4:2 (2018) ► pp. 135160


Bayley, Robert, & Pease-Alvarez, Lucinda
(1997) Null pronoun variation in Mexican-descent children’s narrative discourse. Language Variation and Change, 9, 349–371. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bayley, Robert, Greer, Kristen A., & Holland, Cory
(2017) Lexical frequency and morphosyntactic variation: Evidence from U.S. Spanish. Spanish in Context, 14, 413–439. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan
(2001) Phonology and language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2002a) Phonological evidence for the exemplar storage of multiword sequences. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 215–221. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2002b) Word frequency and context of use in the lexical diffusion of phonetically conditioned sound change. Language Variation and Change, 14, 261–290. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2010) Language, usage and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 158 ]
Cameron, Richard
(1995) The scope and limits of switch reference as a constraint on pronominal subject expression. Hispanic Linguistics, 6–7, 1–28.Google Scholar
Caravalho, Ana M., Orozco, Rafael, & Lapidus Shin, Naomi
(Eds.) (2015) Subject pronoun expression in Spanish: A cross-dialectal perspective. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Chafe, Wallace L.
(1980) The pear stories: Cognitive, cultural, and linguistic aspects of narrative production. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
Dinkin, Aaron
(2008) The real effect of word frequency on phonetic variation. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 14(1), 97–105.Google Scholar
Dong, Xiufang
(2005) Dummy subject “ta”(他) in spoken Mandarin. Language Teaching and Linguistic Studies, 5, 22–27.Google Scholar
Erker, Daniel, & Guy, Gregory R.
(2012) The role of lexical frequency in syntactic variability: Variable subject personal pronoun expression in Spanish. Language, 88, 526–557. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flores-Ferrán, Nydia
(2007) A bend in the road: Subject personal pronoun expression in Spanish after 30 years of sociolinguistic research. Language and Linguistics Compass, 1, 624–652. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Francis, W. Nelson, & Kučera, Henry
(1982) Frequency analysis of English usage: Lexicon and grammar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Huang, C.-T. James
(1984) On the distribution and reference of empty pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry, 15, 531–574.Google Scholar
Jia, Li, & Bayley, Robert
(2002) Null pronoun variation in Mandarin Chinese. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 8(3), 103–116.Google Scholar
Johnson, Daniel E.
(2009) Getting off the GoldVarb standard: Introducing Rbrul for mixed-effects variable rule analysis. Language and Linguistics Compass, 3, 359–383. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jurafsky, Daniel, Bell, Alan, Gregory, Michelle, & Raymond, William D.
(2001) Probabilistic relations between words: Evidence from reduction in lexical production. In Joan Bybee & Paul Hopper (Eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (pp. 229–254). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William
(2010) Words floating on the surface of sound change. In William Labov (Ed.), Principles of linguistic change. Volume 3: Cognitive and social factors (pp. 259–286). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, Ash, Sharon, & Boberg, Charles
(2006) Atlas of North American English: Phonology, phonetics and sound change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, Cohen, Paul, Robins, Clarence, & Lewis, John
(1968) A study of the non-standard English of Negro and Puerto Rican speakers in New York City (Cooperative Research Report 3288). Philadelphia: U.S. Regional Survey.Google Scholar
Li, Charles N., & Thompson, Sandra A.
(1981) Mandarin Chinese: A functional reference grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Li, Xiaoshi
(2010) Sociolinguistic variation in the speech of learners of Chinese as a second language. Language Learning, 60, 366–408. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2014) Variation in subject pronominal expression in L2 Chinese. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 36, 39–68. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2017) Stylistic variation in L1 and L2 Chinese. Chinese as a Second Language, 52, 55–76.Google Scholar
[ p. 159 ]
Li, Xiaoshi, Chen, Xiaoqing, & Chen, Wen-Hsin
(2012) Variation of subject pronominal expression in Mandarin Chinese. Sociolinguistic Studies, 6, 91–119. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lust, Barbara, Chien, Yu-Chin, Chi, Chiang-Pang, & Eisele, Julie
(1996) Chinese pronominals in universal grammar: A study of linear precedence and command in Chinese and English children’s first language acquisition. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 5, 1–47. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Martínez-Sanz, Cristina, & Van Herk, Gerard
(2013, May). Saying nothing: Frequency effects in Dominican Spanish null subjects. Paper presented at Conference on Change and Variation, Canada, Toronto.
McKee, Rachel, Schembri, Adam, McKee, David, & Johnston, Trevor
(2011) Variable subject expression in Australian Sign Language and New Zealand Sign Language. Language Variation and Change, 23, 375–398. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mougeon, Raymond, Nadasdi, Terry, & Rehner, Katherine
(2010) The sociolinguistic competence of immersion students. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Neeleman, Ad, & Szendrői, Kriszta
(2007) Radical prodrop and the morphology of pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry, 38, 671–714. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Otheguy, Ricardo, & Zentella, Ana Celia
(2012) Spanish in New York: Language contact, dialect leveling, and structural continuity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sankoff, David, Tagliamonte, Sali A., & Smith, Eric
(2005) GoldVarb X: A variable rule application for the Macintosh [computer program]. Toronto / Ottawa: Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto and Department of Mathematics, University of Ottawa.Google Scholar
Santa Ana, Otto
(1991) Phonetic simplification processes in the English of the Barrio: A cross-generational sociolinguistic study of the Chicanos of Los Angeles. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
Schecter, Sandra R., & Bayley, Robert
(2002) Language as cultural practice: Mexicanos en el norte. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Tamminga, Meredith
(2014) Sound change without frequency effects: Ramifications for phonological theory. In Naomi Danton, Daniela Kostadinovska, & Robert Santana-LaBarge (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp. 457–465). Somerville, Mass.: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Tang, Side
(1996) 古汉语主语省略的特殊现象 Gǔ hànyǔ zhǔyǔ shěnglüè de tèshū xiànxiàng [Null Subject in Old Chinese]. 语文知识 Chinese Language , 11, 17–18.Google Scholar
Walker, James A.
(2012) Form, function, and frequency in phonological variation. Language Variation and Change, 24, 397–415. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wulf, Alyssa, Dudis, Paul, Bayley, Robert, & Lucas, Ceil
(2002) Variable subject presence in ASL narratives. Sign Language Studies, 3, 54–76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Xiao, Richard, Rayson, Paul, & McEnery, Tony
(2009) A frequency dictionary of Mandarin Chinese: Core vocabulary for learners. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
[ p. 160 ]
Cited by

Cited by 3 other publications

Kanwit, Matthew & Kimberly L. Geeslin
2020. SOCIOLINGUISTIC COMPETENCE AND INTERPRETING VARIABLE STRUCTURES IN A SECOND LANGUAGE. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 42:4  pp. 775 ff. Crossref logo
Kanwit, Matthew & Virginia Terán
2020. Ideas Buenas o Buenas Ideas: Phonological, Semantic, and Frequency Effects on Variable Adjective Ordering in Rioplatense Spanish. Languages 5:4  pp. 65 ff. Crossref logo
Schnell, Stefan & Danielle Barth
2020. Expression of anaphoric subjects in Vera'a: Functional and structural factors in the choice between pronoun and zero. Language Variation and Change 32:3  pp. 267 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 07 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.