Article published in:
Variation in the Pacific: Part I
Edited by Eri Kashima and Miriam Meyerhoff
[Asia-Pacific Language Variation 6:2] 2020
► pp. 222249


Babic, Mary
(2015, November 18). Big Poultry finds workers in an immigrant community known for its culture of forgiving. Oxfam. Retrieved November 26, 2019, from https://​www​.oxfamamerica​.org​/explore​/stories​/big​-poultry​-finds​-workers​-in​-an​-immigrant​-community​-known​-for​-its​-culture​-of​-forgiving/
Balogné Bérces, Katalin
(2006) What’s wrong with vowel-initial syllables? SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics, 14, 15–21.Google Scholar
Barker, Holly M.
(2012) Bravo for the Marshallese: Regaining control in a post-nuclear, post-colonial world (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
Bates, Douglas, Maechler, Martin, Bolker, Ben, & Walker, Steve
(2015) Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67, 1–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 243 ]
Bell, Allan, & Holmes, Janet
(1992) H-droppin’: Two sociolinguistic variables in New Zealand English. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 12(2), 223–248. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bender, Byron
(1968) Marshallese phonology. Oceanic Linguistics, 7(1), 16–35. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1969) Vowel dissimilation in Marshallese. University of Hawaii Working Papers in Linguistics, 11, 88–96.Google Scholar
(1971) Micronesian languages. In Thomas A. Sebeok (Ed.), Current trends in linguistics 8: Linguistics in Oceania (pp. 426–465). The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
(1973) Parallelisms in the morphophonemics of several Micronesian languages. Oceanic Linguistics, 12, 455–477. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Buchstaller, Isabelle, & Willson, Nikolas Dane
(2018) Marshallese English: A first sketch. World Englishes, 37(2), 356–383. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
in press). Marshallese English. In David Britain, Kazuko Matsumoto, Danielle Hess, Tobias Leonhardt, & Sara Lynch Eds. Micronesian Englishes Berlin Mouton de Gruyter
Campion, George Edward
(1976) Lincolnshire dialects. Boston, MA: Richard Kay Publications.Google Scholar
Casall, Roberic F.
(2011) Hiatus Resolution. In Marc van Oostendorp, Colin J. Ewen, Elizabeth Hume, & Keren Rice (Eds.), The Blackwell companion to phonology (pp. 1434–1460). Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chambers, John M.
(1992) Linear models. In John. M. Chambers & Trevor Hastie (Eds.), Statistical models in S (pp. 95–144). Boca Raton, FL: Wadsworth and Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
Choi, John D.
(1992) Phonetic underspecification and target interpolation: An acoustic study of Marshallese vowel allophony. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, 82. Retrieved November 26, 2019, from https://​escholarship​.org​/uc​/item​/07b9m6x8
Clarke, Sandra
(2010) Newfoundland and Labrador English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cutting, James E.
(1974) Two left-hemisphere mechanisms in speech perception. Perception and Psychophysics, 16, 601–612. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dilley, Laura, Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie, & Ostendorf, Mari
(1996) Glottalization of word-initial vowels as a function of prosodic structure. Journal of Phonetics, 24(4), 423–444. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Docherty, Gerald, & Foulkes, Paul
(1999) Sociophonetic variation in glottals in Newcastle English. Proceedings of the XIV International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, 1037–1040.Google Scholar
EPPSO, Economic Policy, Planning and Statistics Office
(2012) Republic of the Marshall Islands 2011 Census Report. Majuro: Economic Policy, Planning and Statistics Office, Office of the President.Google Scholar
Erdal, Marcel
(2015) Buffering, linking or latent consonant deletion? In Deniz Zeyrek Çiğdem, Sagin Şimşek, Ufuk Ataş, & Jochen Rehbein (Eds.), Ankara Papers in Turkish and Turkik Linguistics (pp. 12–19). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Esling, John H., Zeroual, Chakir, & Crevier-Buchman, Lise
(2007) A study of muscular synergies at the glottal, ventricular and aryepiglottic levels. Proceedings of the XVI International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, University des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken, Germany, 585–588.Google Scholar
[ p. 244 ]
Fox, J. & Weisberg, S.
(2011) An R companion to applied regression (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Garellek, Marc
(2013) Production and perception of glottal stops. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved June 22, 2020, from https://​linguistics​.ucla​.edu​/general​/dissertations​/Garellek​_dissertation​.pdf
Gries, Stefan T.
(2013) Statistics for linguistics with r. Berlin: De Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Grund, Peter J.
(2017) Sociohistorical approaches. In Laurel Brinton (Ed.), English historical linguistics: Approaches and perspectives (pp. 218–244). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Häcker, Martina
(2004) Intrusive [h] in present-day English accents and <h>-Insertion in Medieval and Early-Modern English manuscripts: Hypercorrection or functionally motivated language use? In Christian Kay, Carole Hough, & Irené Wotherspoon (Eds.), New perspectives on English historical linguistics: Selected papers from ICEHL 12, Vol. 2: Lexis and transmission (pp. 109–123). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hage, Per
(2000) The conical clan in Micronesia: The Marshall Islands. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 109(3), 295–309.Google Scholar
Hale, Mark
(2000) Marshallese phonology, the phonetics-phonology interface and historical linguistics. The Linguistic Review, 17, 241–257. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hosia, Hilary
(2016a) RMI students struggle with literacy. The Marshall Islands Journal, August 4 2016.Google Scholar
(2016b) Xavier accepts 8 RMI students. The Marshall Islands Journal, April 15 2016.Google Scholar
Jahr, Ernst Hakon
(2011) Language planning and language change. In Leiv E. Breivik & Ernst H. Jahr (Eds.), Language change: Contributions to the study of its causes (pp. 99–114). Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Janda, Richard, & Auger, Julie
(1992) Quantitative evidence, qualitative hypercorrection, sociolinguistic variables, and French speakers’ ’eadhaches with English /h/. Language and Communication, 12, 195–236.Google Scholar
Jespersen, Otto
(1949) Modern English grammar. London: George Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
John, Paul, & Cardoso, Walcir
(2008) Francophone ESL learners and [h] epenthesis. Concordia Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, 1, 76–97.Google Scholar
Johnson, Gif
(2013) Don’t ever whisper: Darlene Keju, Pacific health pioneer, champion for nuclear survivors. Self-published.Google Scholar
(2015) Idyllic no more: Pacific Island climate, corruption and development dilemmas. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.Google Scholar
Kamiyama, Takeki, Kühnert, Barbara, & Vaissière, Jacqueline
(2011) Do French-speaking learners simply omit the English /h/? Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVII), City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 1010–1013.Google Scholar
Kupferman, David
(2013) Does Marshallese studies exist? Towards the uncomfortable institutionalization of difference. Postcolonial Directions in Education, 2(2), 314–354.Google Scholar
Ladefoged, Peter
(1990) Some proposals concerning glottal consonants. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 20(2), 24–26. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 245 ]
Leach, Hannah
(2018) Sociophonetic variation in Stoke-on-Trent’s pottery industry. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Sheffield University.Google Scholar
in press). /h/-variation in Stoke-on-Trent’s pottery industry. Journal of Sociolinguistics.
Low, Marilyn, Penland, Destin, & Heine, Hilda
(2005) The language question in Pacific education: The case of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Research Brief), Honolulu, HI: Pacific Resources for Education and Learning.Google Scholar
Lynch, Sarah
(2017) /h/ insertion in a Pacific English: The developing methods of understanding a non-standard feature in the Federated States of Micronesia. Paper presented at New Ways of Analysing Variation (NWAV) 46, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Mah, Jennifer, Goad, Heather, & Steinhauer, Karsten
(2016) Using event-related brain potentials to assess perceptibility: The case of French speakers and English [h]. Frontiers in Psychology, 7. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marshall Islands Journal
(2016) MISAT shapshot reveals poor results. July 29 2016.Google Scholar
Matthews, William
(1949–50) Characteristics of Micronesian. Lingua, 2, 419–437. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McGovern, Katharine, & Strange, Winifred
(1977) The perception of /r/ and /l/ in syllable-initial and syllable-final position. Perception and Psychophysics, 21(2), 162–170. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ministry of Education
(2015) Marshall Islands public school language education policy. Majuro: Republic of the Marshall Islands.Google Scholar
Mugglestone, Linda
(2003) Talking proper. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Pagotto, Louise
(1987) Verb subcategorization and verb derivation in Marshallese: A lexicase analysis. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Hawaii.Google Scholar
Peacock, Karen
(1985) The maze of schools: American education in Micronesia. Honolulu, HI: Center for Asian and Pacific Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa.Google Scholar
Pierrehumbert, Janet, & Talkin, David
(1992) Lenition of /h/ and glottal stop. In Gerard J. Docherty & D. Robert Ladd (Eds.), Papers in laboratory phonology II: Gesture segment prosody (pp. 90–117). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pike, Kenneth
(1943) Phonetics. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pine, Pamela, & Savage, William
(1989) Marshallese and English: Evidence for an immersion model of education in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. World Englishes, 8(1), 83–94. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rehg, Kenneth L.
(2004) Linguists, literacy, and the law of unexpected consequences. Oceanic Linguistics, 43(2), 498–518. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Reyhner, Jon, Martin, Joseph, Lockard, Louise, & Gilbert, Willard S.
(Eds.) (2013) Honoring our children: Culturally appropriate approaches for teaching indigenous students. Flagstaff, AZ: Northern Arizona University.Google Scholar
Rickford, John
(2001) Ebonics and education: Lessons from the Caribbean, Europe and the USA. In Clinton Crawford (Ed.), Ebonics and language education (pp. 263–284). New York, NY: Sankofa World Publishers.Google Scholar
Rudiak-Gould, Peter
(2004) Practical Marshallese. Retrieved November 26, 2019 from http://​www​.peterrg​.com​/Practical%20Marshallese​.pdf
Schneider, Edgar W.
(2004) Global synopsis: Phonetic and phonological variation in English world-wide. In Bernd Kortmann & Edgar W. Schneider (Eds.), Handbook of varieties of English: A multimedia reference tool (pp. 1111–1137). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
[ p. 246 ]
Schreier, Daniel
(2006) The backyard as a dialect boundary: Individuation, linguistic heterogeneity, and sociolinguistic eccentricity in a small speech community. Journal of English Linguistics, 34(1), 26–57. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2019) h/ insertion as a ‘camouflage archaism’? Dialect contact, colonial lag and the feature pool in South Atlantic English. Diachronica, 36(1), 37–65. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove
(2014) The role of mother tongues in the education of indigenous, tribal, minority and minoritized children: What can be done to avoid crimes against humanity? In Pierre Orelus (Ed.), Affirming language diversity in schools and society. Beyond linguistic apartheid (pp. 215–249). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Sivertsen, Eva
(1960) Cockney phonology. Bergen: Oslo University Press.Google Scholar
Wells, John C.
(1982) Accents of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Willson, Heather
(2002) The Marshallese complementizer phrase. Unpublished master’s thesis, Arizona State University. Retrieved November 26, 2019, from https:/​/web​.archive​.org​/web​/20160304033019​/http://​hwillson​.bol​.ucla​.edu​/TheMarshalleseComplemetizerPhrase​.pdf
(2003) A brief introduction to Marshallese phonology. Retrieved October 4, 2019, from http://​linguistics​.byu​.edu​/faculty​/hwills1​/ABriefIntroductiontoMarshallesePhonology​.pdf
(2008) Subject positions in Marshallese. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved November 26, 2019, from http://​linguistics​.byu​.edu​/faculty​/hwills1​/Subject%20Positions%20in%20Marshallese​.pdf
Zak, Dan
(2015, November 27). A ground zero forgotten. The Marshall Islands, once a U.S. nuclear test site, face oblivion again. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 26, 2019, from https://​www​.washingtonpost​.com​/sf​/national​/2015​/11​/27​/a​-ground​-zero​-forgotten/