Clans and clanlectal contact
Variation and change in Angami
This is the first variationist study of clan intermarriage and intergenerational change in Nagaland (India). The study investigates clan as a sociolinguistic variable by drawing data from the Angami (belonging to the Kuki-Chin-Naga sub-group of Tibeto-Burman languages) community of Kohima village in Nagaland. The linguistic variables examined include two alveolar fricatives and three affricates showing variable palatalization. Like many other clan-based communities (cf. Stanford, 2007, 2008, 2009), Angamis practice exogamy. Women settle down in their husband’s clans in the same village after marriage, but continue to maintain their original clanlects despite being in contact with their husband’s clanlects for many years. Exogamy practices are however weakening in Kohima, resulting in intra-clan marriages. The study examines the linguistic implications of the inter-clan and intra-clan marriages, illustrating the patterns that young learners acquire under such circumstances and the way they respond to the new changes. Labov finds evidence for an “outward orientation of the language learning faculty” (2012, 2014). The Nagaland results build on this notion but provide a new perspective: In Nagaland, children’s language learning is inwardly oriented with respect to stable variation and outwardly oriented in the case of change in progress.
Keywords: clan, clanlects, parental influence, Angami Naga, Tibeto-Burman, palatalization, Kohima village
Keywords: chienuo mu thinuo, thinuo die, ukrünuo, die medzikecü, Angami-Naga, Tibeto-Burman, palatalization, Kohima village
Published online: 06 April 2017
[ p. 212 ]References
Bruhn, Daniel Wayne
Butler, Capt. John
(1875) Rough notes on the Angami Nagas and their Language. Journal of the Bengal Asiatic Society, 44(4), 307–346.
Census of India
(2011) District census handbook, Kohima. Available from http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/DCHB_Nagaland.html?drpQuick=&drp QuickSelect=&q=kohima+population+2011
(1992) Dialect acquisition. Language, 68(4), 673–705.
Giridhar, Puttushetra Puttuswamy
Hunter, William Wilson
(1996) Children, adolescents, and language change. Language Variation and Change, 8(2), 177–202.
Kerswill, Paul, & Williams, Ann
(2000) Creating a new town koine: Children and language change in Milton Keynes. Language in Society, 29(1), 65–115.
(1989) The child as linguistic historian. Language Variation and Change, 1(1), 85–97.
(2012) What is to be learned: The community as the focus of social cognition. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 10(2), 265–293.
(1977) Tone effects on consonants. University of California Working Papers in Phonetics, 36, 91–110.[ p. 213 ]
Marrison, Geoffrey Edward
Mathes, Timothy K.
Matisoff, James A.
Payne, Arvilla C.
(1997) Hitting a moving target: Acquisition of sound change in progress by Philadelphia children. Language Variation and Change, 9(2), 249–266.
Roberts, Julie, & Labov, William
(1995) Learning to talk Philadelphian: Acquisition of short a by preschool children. Language Change and Variation, 7(1), 101 ̶ 112.
Stanford, James N.
(2007) Dialect contact and identity: A case study of exogamous Sui clans. Doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University. Available from www.dartmouth.edu/~jstanford/dissertation.pdf
(2008) Child dialect acquisition: New perspectives on parent/peer influence. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 12(5), 567–596.
Tagliamonte, Sali A., & Molfenter, Sonja
(2007) How’d you get that accent?: Acquiring a second dialect of the same language. Language in Society, 36(5), 649–675.
(2010) Dialect acquisition in the view of parental origins: The case of Kansai dialect of Japanese. Kobe papers in Linguistics, 7, 78–90. Available from http://www.lib.kobe-u.ac.jp/handle_kernel/81001859
(2012) Parental influence on dialect acquisition: The case of the tone system of Kagoshima Japanese. NINJAL Research Papers, 3, 103–116. Available from www.ninjal.ac.jp/publication/papers/03/pdf/NINJAL-Papers0306.pdf
Teo, Amos Benjamin
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 06 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.