Article published in:
Australian Review of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 36:1 (2013) ► pp. 71101


Investigating apology response strategies in Australian English and Bahasa Indonesia


(1995) Explicit forgiveness and other responses to apology: A cross-cultural study in Australian English and Bahasa Indonesia. MA-TESOL Study Project Reports. University of Canberra. Australia.Google Scholar
Afghari, A.
(2007) A sociopragmatic study of apology speech act realization patterns in Persian. Speech Communication, 49, 177–185. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Agyekum, K.
(2006) Apology: A Repair Mechanism in Akan Social Interaction. South African Journal of African Languages, 26(2), 53–68.Google Scholar
Aziz, E. A.
(2000) Indonesian speech act realization in face threatening situations. Monash University Linguistics Papers, 2(2), 15–41.Google Scholar
Bennett, M. & Earwaker, D.
(2001) Victims’ responses to apologies: The effects of offender responsibility and offense severity. The Journal of Social Psychology, 134(4), 457–464. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bergman, M.
(1989) Apologizing in Thai-English. Interlanguage: A Pragmatic Perspective. Manuscript of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, April, pp. 1–46.Google Scholar
Bing, J. & Bergvall, J.
(1996) The question of questions: Beyond binary thinking. In V. Bergvall, J. Bing & A. Freed, (Eds), Rethinking language and gender research: Theory and practice (pp. 1–30). London: Longman.Google Scholar
Blum-Kulka, S. & Olshtain, E.
(1984) Requests and apologies; A cross-cultural study of speech act realization pattern (CCSARP). Journal of Applied Linguistics. 5(3), 196–212. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brown, P. & Levinson, S.C.
(1978) Universals in language usage: Politeness phenomena. In Goody, E. (Ed), Questions and politeness (pp. 56–311). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(1987) Politeness: Some universals in the language usage. Cambridge England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Brown, P.
(1980) How and why are women more polite: Some evidence from a Mayan community. In S. McConnell-Ginet et al., (Eds), Women and language in literature and society (pp. 111–136). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
Chen, R. & Yang, D.
(2010) Responding to compliments in Chinese: Has it changed? Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 1951–1963. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coates, J.
(2004) Women, men, and language. London: Pearson Education Limited.Google Scholar
Cohen, A. D. & Olshtain, E.
(1981) Developing a measure of sociocultural competence: The case of apology. Language Learning 31(1), 113–134. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cordella-Masini, M. I.
(1989) Apologizing: A cross-cultural study in Chilean Spanish and Australian English. Unpublished MA Thesis. Canberra: TESOL Canberra College of Advanced Education.Google Scholar
Darine, C. & Hall, B.
(1998) Culture shock! Singapore: Times Books International.Google Scholar
Farghal, M. & Al-Khatib, M. A.
(2001) Jordanian college students’ responses to compliments: A pilot study. Journal of Pragmatics, 33, 1485–1502. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Goffman, E.
(1971) Relations in public: Micro studies of the Public Order. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
Golato, A.
(2003) Studying compliment responses: A comparison of DCTs and recordings of naturally occurring talk. Applied Linguistics, 24(1), 90–121. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Grainger, K. & Harris, S.
(2007) Special issue: Apologies. Journal of Politeness Research, 3, 1–9. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hofstede, G.
(1980) Culture’s consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
Holmes, J.
(1989) Sex differences and apologies: One aspect of communicative competence. Applied Linguistics, 10(2), 194–213. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1990) Apologies in New Zealand English. Language in Society, 19, 155–199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1995) Women, men and politeness. London: Longman.Google Scholar
(2008) An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. London: LongmanGoogle Scholar
Johnson, S. & Meinhof, U.
(Eds) (1997) Language and masculinity. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Kasper, G. & Rose, K.R.
(1999) Pragmatics and SLA. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 19, 81–104. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kim, H.
(2008) The semantic and pragmatic analysis of South Korean and Australian English apologetic speech acts. Journal of Pragmatics, 40, 257–278. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kohler, M.
(2008) Refusals in English and Greek: Theoretical aspects and empirical study. ZfAL, 48, 75–104.Google Scholar
Lakoff, R.
(1975) Language and Woman’s Place. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
Lakoff, R.T.
(2001) Nine Ways of Looking at Apologies: The Necessity for Interdisciplinary Theory and Method in Discourse Analysis, in Schiffin, D., Tannen, D, and Hamilton, H.E. (Eds). The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, (pp. 199–213). London: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Lorenzo-Dus, N.
(2001) Compliment Responses among British and Spanish University Students: A Contrastive Study. Journal of Pragmatics, 33, 107–127. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Martinez-Flor, A.
(2006) Task effect on EFL learners’ production of suggestions: A focus on elicited phone messages and emails. Miscelanea: A Journal of English and American Studies, 33, 47–64.Google Scholar
McCullough, M. E. et al.
(1998) Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships: II. Theoretical elaboration and measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1586–1603. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mills, S.
(2003) Gender and politeness. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Norrick, N. R.
(1978) Expressive illocutionary acts. Journal of Pragmatics, 2, 277–291. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nureddeen, F. A.
(2007) Cross-cultural pragmatics: Apology strategies in Sudanese Arabic. Journal of Pragmatics, 40, 279–306. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Olshtain, E.
(1989) Apologies across languages. In S. Blum-Kulka, J. House & G. Kasper, (Eds.), Cross-cultural pragmatics: Request and apologies (pp. 155–173). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
Owen, M.
(1983) Apologies & remedial interchanges. Berlin: Mouton.Google Scholar
Paltridge, B.
(2004) Making sense of discourse analysis. Brisbane: Harding Colour.Google Scholar
Robinson, J. D.
(2004) The sequential organization of ‘explicit’ apologies in naturally occurring English. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 37(3), 291–330. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Romaine, S.
(1984) The language of children and adolescents. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
(2000) Information sequence structure in seminar discussions: A comparative study of Indonesian and Australian students in academic settings. Doctoral Thesis. Curtin University of Technology, Australia.Google Scholar
Sawir, E.
(2002) Communicating in English across Cultures: The Strategies, and Belief of Adult EFL Learners. PhD Thesis, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.Google Scholar
Shariati, M. & Chamani, F.
(2010) Apology Strategies in Persian. Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 1689–1699. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Spencer-Oatey, H.
(2008) (Ed). Culturally speaking: culture, communication and politeness theory (2nd ed.). London: Continuum.Google Scholar
Tang, C.-H. & Zhang, G.Q.
(2008) A contrastive study of compliment responses among Australian English and Mandarin Chinese speakers. Journal of Pragmatics. Article in Press. A copy from: www​.sciencedirect​.com.
Tannen, D.
(1990) You just don’t understand: Women and men in conversation. New York: Ballantine.Google Scholar
Tran, G. Q.
(2008) The naturalized role-play: An innovative methodology in cross-cultural and interlanguage pragmatics research. Reflection on English Language Teaching, 5(2), 1–24.Google Scholar
Vollmer, H. J. & Olshtain, E.
(1989) The Language of Apologies in German. In S. Blum-Kulka, J. House & G. Kasper, (Eds,), Cross-cultural pragmatics: Requests and apologies (pp. 197–218). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
Wouk, F.
(2005) The language of apologizing in Lombok, Indonesia. Journal of Pragmatics, 38, 1457–1486. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2006) Strategies of apologizing in Lombok Indonesia. Journal of Politeness Research, 2, 277–311. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Yuan, Y.
(2001) An inquiry into empirical pragmatics data-gathering methods: Written DCTs, field notes, and natural conversations. Journal of Pragmatics, 33, 271–292. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 6 other publications

Bowe, Heather, Kylie Martin & Howard Manns
2014.  In Communication across Cultures, Crossref logo
El-Dakhs, Dina Abdel Salam
2018. Investigating the apology strategies of Saudi learners of English. Pragmatics and Society 9:4  pp. 598 ff. Crossref logo
Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, Pilar & Maria Sifianou
2017.  In The Palgrave Handbook of Linguistic (Im)politeness,  pp. 227 ff. Crossref logo
Saleem, Tahir, Uzma Anjum & Summiya Tahir
2021. The Sociopragmatic and Pragmalinguistic Strategies in L2 Pragmatic Competence: A Case of Pakistani ESL Learners. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research 50:2  pp. 185 ff. Crossref logo
Saleem, Tahir, Uzma Unjum, Munawar Iqbal Ahmed, Ayaz Qadeer & Krisda Chaemsaithong
2021. Social distance and speech behavior: A case of Pakistani English speakers’ apology responses. Cogent Arts & Humanities 8:1  pp. 1890410 ff. Crossref logo
Waluyo, S & S Sutiyatno
2020. Apology response strategies used by Indonesian EFL fresh graduates: on gender and academic achievement. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1517  pp. 012055 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 19 june 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.