Article published in:Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics: Volume 3
Edited by Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez
[Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics 3] 2005
► pp. 78–116
Vectors, viewpoint and viewpoint shift
Cognitive Linguistics has developed many insights into language but no systematic formalism. This article proposes that the discipline can benefit from standard geometrical formalisms. It outlines an approach called Discourse Space Theory (DST) that uses coordinate geometry and vector spaces. It describes how vectors have been used by several scholars to characterise the semantics of spatial prepositions, extending this approach to an abstract, deictically centred discourse space. Vector geometry comes with standard properties and operations that can serve to describe many linguistic and discourse phenomena. One of these is transformation of axes, which can be used to represent the phenomenon of viewpoint shift in discourse. The paper illustrates how DST can systematically describe viewpoint shift in foreground-background shifts, deictic verbs, tense, complement clauses and conditional constructions, especially counterfactuals.
Keywords: deixis, viewpoint, prepositions, modality, foreground, tense, complement clause, conditionals, vectors, counterfactuals, coordinate systems, spatial representation, discourse
Published online: 31 October 2005
Cited by 36 other publications
No author info given
Alonso Belmonte, Isabel & M. Dolores Porto
Baider, Fabienne H.
Baider, Fabienne H. & Maria Constantinou
Chen, Lijuan, Danyang Zhang, Yingfei He & Guoliang Zhang
Dunmire, Patricia L.
Kopytowska, Monika & Łukasz Grabowski
van Elfrinkhof, Annemarie, Isa Maks & Bertie Kaal
Wieczorek, Anna E
Wieczorek, Anna Ewa
Yoon, Sae Yeol
ZIMA, ELISABETH & GEERT BRÔNE
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 november 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.