Article published in:Current Issues in Phraseology
Edited by Sebastian Hoffmann, Bettina Fischer-Starcke and Andrea Sand
[Benjamins Current Topics 74] 2015
► pp. 135–164
50-something years of work on collocations
What is or should be next …
This paper explores ways in which research into collocation should be improved. After a discussion of the parameters underlying the notion of collocation, the paper has three main parts. First, I argue that corpus linguistics would benefit from taking more seriously the understudied fact that collocations are not necessarily symmetric, as most association measures imply. Also, I introduce an association measure from the associative learning literature that can identify asymmetric collocations and show that it can also distinguish collocations with high and low association strengths well. Second, I summarize some advantages of this measure and brainstorm about ways in which it can help re-examine previous studies as well as support further applications. Finally, I adopt a broader perspective and discuss a variety of ways in which all association measures – directional or not – in corpus linguistics should be improved in order for us to obtain better and more reliable results.
Keywords: association measure, collocation, directionality, dispersion, DP (delta P)
Published online: 10 July 2015
Bell, A., Brenier, J.M., Gregory, M., Girand, C. & Jurafsky, D.
Daudaravičius, V. & Marcinkevičienė, R.
Ellis, N.C. & Ferreira-Junior, F.
Ferraresi, A. & Gries, St. Th
2011 “Type and (?) token frequencies in measures of collocational strength: Lexical gravity vs. a few classics”. Paper presented at Corpus Linguistics 2011 , University of Birmingham, UK .
Gries, St. Th
2010b: online. “Bigrams in registers, domains, and varieties: A bigram gravity approach to the homogeneity of corpora”. InM. Mahlberg, V. González-Diaz & C. Smith(Eds.), Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics Conference (CL 2009), University of Liverpool, UK , 20–23 July 2009.Available at: http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/publications/cl2009 (accessedJuly 2012).
Gries, St. Th., Hampe, B. & Schönefeld, D.
2009 “Simple maths for keywords”. Paper presented at Corpus Linguistics 2009 , University of Liverpool .
Michelbacher, L., Evert, S. & Schütze, H.
2007 “Asymmetric association measures”. Paper presented at the 6th International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing , Borovets, Bulgaria .
1998 “Dependent bigram identification”. In Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-98) , July 28–30, 1197.
R Development Core Team
2012: online. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at: http://www.R-project.org (accessedJuly 2012).
Raymond, W.D. & Brown, E.L.
2011 “Intonation unit boundaries and the entrenchment of collocations: Evidence from bidirectional and directional association measures”. Unpublished ms, Department of Linguistics, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Cited by 2 other publications
Smith, Chris A.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 04 may 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.