This squib reconsiders Geis & Zwicky’s influential proposal on Invited Inference, according to which conditionals are regularly “perfected” to biconditionals. We first show that the “regularity” assumption attached to conditional perfection is doubtful in light of established experimental findings concerning other logical terms, such as Some and or and the conjunction and. We then review existing conditional data with the aim of making them cohere with these other experimental findings. We argue that (a) the process that leaves the impression of a biconditional reading (the acceptance of a fallacious argument such as the Affirmation of the Consequent) arises only after all participants detect a violation on-line from what is essentially a surprising minor premise and that; (b) some participants make an effort to adjust to such unexpected violations at a relatively small cognitive cost in order to accept invalid arguments while others persist in rejecting whatever follows and at a greater cognitive cost. Both of these features of conditional processing undermine claims from Geis & Zwicky’s proposal.
Blochowiak, Joanna, Thomas Castelain, Odir Antonio Rodriguez-Villagra & Julien Musolino
2022. If and only if people were logical! The effect of pragmatic enrichment on reasoning with abstract and realistic materials. Journal of Pragmatics 197 ► pp. 137 ff.
2019. Current issues in conditionals. Linguistics Vanguard 5:s3
Liu, Mingya & Mathias Barthel
2021. Semantics Processing of Conditional Connectives: German wenn ‘if’ Versus nur wenn ‘only if’. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 50:6 ► pp. 1337 ff.
2020. Aspectual Differences Between Agentive and Non-agentive Uses of Causative Predicates. In Perspectives on Causation [Jerusalem Studies in Philosophy and History of Science, ], ► pp. 257 ff.
Martin, Fabienne, Hamida Demirdache, Isabel García del Real, Angeliek van Hout & Nina Kazanina
2020. Children’s non-adultlike interpretations of telic predicates across languages. Linguistics 58:5 ► pp. 1447 ff.
2018. Experimental Pragmatics,
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