Modelling pronominal gender agreement in Dutch
From a syntactic to a semantic strategy
In the context of cultural evolution, we propose a multi-agent model that allows, through pair-wise interactions between homogeneous individuals of a population, to simulate the shift from a syntactic towards a semantic pronominal agreement system. We explore various gender mapping and learning mechanisms that can allow the agents to form a new agreement system using their semantic knowledge about the world. We investigate whether our strategies can yield cohesive clusterings over the semantic space. We notice that the system reaches full convergence in terms of gender preference at population level and that there are multiple successful ways of dividing the semantic space, including one that reflects the so-called individuation hierarchy, a case attested by a study of a spoken language data.
“Pronominal gender in spoken Dutch
.” Journal of Germanic Linguistics
18 (02): 85–116.
“Gender assignment and gender agreement: Evidence from pronominal gender languages
18 (2): 93–116.
2009 Reinventing pronoun gender
. Utrecht: LOT Dissertation Series.
Beuls, Katrien and Luc Steels
“Agent-based models of strategies for the emergence and evolution of grammatical agreement
.” PLOS ONE
8 (3): e58960.
Beuls, Katrien, Luc Steels, and Sebastian Höfer
Charniak, Eugene and Micha Elsner
“EM works for pronoun anaphora resolution
.” In Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics
, 148–156. Athens: Association for Computational Linguistics.
Corbett, Greville G.
“The agreement hierarchy
.” Journal of linguistics
15 (02): 203–224.
.” The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics
. 2nd Edition. Oxford: Elsevier: 749–756.
De Vogelaer, Gunther
“Changing pronominal gender in Dutch
.” In Language Variation-European Perspectives II: Selected Papers from the 4th International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 4), Nicosia, June 2007
, ed. by Stavroula Tsiplakou
, Marilena Karyolemou
, and Pavlos Pavlou
, Volume 21.
De Vogelaer, Gunther and Gert De Sutter
“The geography of gender change: pronominal and adnominal gender in Flemish dialects of Dutch
.” Language Sciences
33 (1): 192–205.
De Vos, Lien
“Pronominale hersemantisering in het Zuid-Nederlandse genussysteem
.” Master's thesis, Universiteit Gent – Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte.
“Noun classification in African Languages
.” In Gender in Grammar and Cognition
, ed. by Barbara Unterbeck
, Matti Rissanen
, Terttu Nevalainen
, and Mirja Saari
, 665–688. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
“Transmission and diffusion
Lappin, Shalom and Herbert J. Leass
“An algorithm for pronominal anaphora resolution
.” Computational linguistics
20 (4): 535–561.
Lenaerts, Tom, Bart Jansen, Karl Tuyls, and Bart De Vylder
“The evolutionary language game: An orthogonal approach
.” Journal of Theoretical Biology
235 (4): 566–582.
Loetzsch, Martin, Pieter Wellens, Joachim De Beule, Joris Bleys, and Remi Van Trijp
“The babel2 manual
.” Technical report, Tech. Rep. AI-Memo 01–08, AI-Lab VUB, Brussels.
Loreto, Vittorio and Luc Steels
“Social dynamics: Emergence of language
.” Nature Physics
3 (11): 758–760.
Manning, Christopher D., Prabhakar Raghavan, and Hinrich Schiitze
2008 Introduction to Information Retrieval
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1997 Formal Approaches to Innate and Learned Communication: Laying the Foundation for Language
. Ph. D. thesis, Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego.
Pijpops, Dirk, Katrien Beuls, and Freek Van de Velde
“The rise of the verbal weak inflection in Germanic: An agent-based model
.” Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands Journal
“Syntactic Categories and Subcategories
.” In Syntax. An international handbook of contemporary research
., ed. by Joachim Jacobs
, Arnim von Stechow
, Wolfgang Sternefeld
, and Theo Vennemann
, 646–686. Berlin: de Gruyter.
“Dutch Double Gender Nouns: Arbitrary or Motivated Agreement?
.” Journal of Germanic Linguistics
24 (02): 133–186.
2008 Pronominal gender in English: A study of English varieties from a cross-linguistic perspective
“Language games for autonomous robots
.” IEEE Intelligent systems
Steels, Luc and Frederic Kaplan
“Collective learning and semiotic dynamics
.” In Advances in artificial life
, ed. by Dario Floreano
, Jean-Daniel Nicoud
, and Francesco Mondada
, 679–688. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Steels, Luc and Martin Loetzsch
“Babel: A Tool for Running Experiments on the Evolution of Language
.” In Evolution of Communication and Language in Embodied Agents
, ed. by S Nolfi
and M Mirolli
, 307–313. Berlin: Springer.
“The Grounded Naming Game
.” In Experiments in Cultural Language Evolution
, ed. by Luc Steels
, 41–59. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Steels, Luc and Paul Vogt
“Grounding Adaptive Language Games in Robotic Agents
.” In Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Artificial Life
, 474–482. MIT Press.
“De regenboog van de Vlaamse dialecten
..” In Het taallandschap in Vlaanderen
, ed. by Johan De Caluwe
, Magdalena Devos
, and Johan Taeldeman
, 49–58. Academia Press.
Van de Velde, Freek
2011 De nominale constituent: Structuur en geschiedenis
. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
2012 Adaptive Strategies in the Emergence of Lexical Systems
. Doctoral dissertation, Vrije Universiteit Brussel – Faculteit Wetenschappen.
Cited by 2 other publications
Fedden, Sebastian & Greville G. Corbett
. Extreme classification
. Cognitive Linguistics
pp. 633 ff.
Van Eecke, Paul, Katrien Beuls, Jérôme Botoko Ekila & Roxana Rădulescu
. Language games meet multi-agent reinforcement learning: A case study for the naming game
. Journal of Language Evolution
pp. 213 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 22 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.