Chapter published in:
Child Bilingualism and Second Language Learning: Multidisciplinary perspectives
Edited by Fangfang Li, Karen E. Pollock and Robbin Gibb
[Bilingual Processing and Acquisition 10] 2020
► pp. 167188


Allen, G.
(1985) How the young French child avoids the pre-voicing problem for word-initial voiced stops. Journal of Child Language, 12(1), 37–46. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Appel, R., & Muysken, P.
(1987) Language contact and bilingualism. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
Anruski, J. E., Blumstein, S. E., & Burton, M. W.
(1994) The effect of subphonetic differences on lexical access. Cognition, 52, 163–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Armstrong, L. E., & Jones, D.
(1955) The phonetics of French – A practical handbook. London: G Bell and Sons.Google Scholar
Beardsmore, H., & Swain, M.
(1985) Designing bilingual education: Aspects of immersion and “European School” models. Journal of Multilingual & Multicultural Development, 6(1), 1–15. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Beckman, M. E., & Edwards, J.
(2010) Generalizing over lexicons to predict consonant mastery. Laboratory Phonology, 1(2), 319–343. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Best, C. T.
(1995) A direct realist perspective on cross-language speech perception. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 171–204). Timonium, MD: York Press.Google Scholar
Boersma, P., & Weenink, D.
(2013) Praat: Doing phonetics by computer (version 5.3.39). Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam.Google Scholar
Caramazza, A., Yeni-Komshian, G. H., Zurif, E. B., & Carbone, E.
(1973) The acquisition of a new phonological contrast: The case of stop consonants in French-English bilinguals. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 54(2), 421–428. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chang, C. B.
(2012) Rapid and multifaceted effects of second-language learning on first-language speech production. Journal of Phonetics, 40(2), 249–268. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2013) A novelty effect in phonetic drift of the native language. Journal of Phonetics, 41(6), 520–533. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cummins, J., & Swain, M.
(1986) Bilingualism in education: Aspects of theory, research and practice. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Dart, S. N.
(1998) Comparing French and English coronal consonant articulation. Journal of Phonetics, 26(1), 71–94. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Docherty, G.
(1992) The timing of voicing in British English obstruents. Dordrecht: Foris. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E.
(1987) The production of “new” and “similar” phones in a foreign language: Evidence for the effect of equivalence classification. Journal of Phonetics, 15(1), 47–65. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1993) Production and perception of a novel, second-language phonetic contrast. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 93(3), 1589–1608. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1995) Second language speech learning: Theory, findings, and problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 233–276). Timonium, MD: York Press.Google Scholar
Flege, J. E., Bohn, O. -S., & Jang, S.
(1997) Effects of experience on non-native speakers’ production and perception of English vowels. Journal of Phonetics, 25(4), 437–470. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E., & Brown Jr, W. S.
(1982) Effects of utterance position on English speech timing. Phonetica, 39(6), 337–357. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E., & Eefting, W.
(1987) Cross-language switching in stop consonant production and perception by Dutch speakers of English. Speech Communication, 6, 185–202. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E., & Liu, S.
(2001) The effect of experience on adult’s acquisition of a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 23(4), 527–552. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E., MacKay, I. R. A., & Meador, D.
(1999) Native Italian speakers’ perception and production of English vowels. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 106(5), 2973–2987. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fowler, C., Sramko, V., Ostry, D., Rowland, S., & Hallé, P.
(2008) Cross language phonetic influences on the speech of French-English bilinguals. Journal of Phonetics, 36(4), 649–663. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Genesee, F., Holobow, N. E., Lambert, W. E., & Chartrand, L.
(1989) Three elementary school alternatives for learning through a second language. The Modern Language Journal, 73(3), 250–263. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Haman, W., Wodniecka, Z., Marecka, M., Szewczyk, J., Bialecka-Pikul, M., Otwinowska, A., Mieskowska, K., Luniewska, M., Kolak, J., Miekisz, A., Kacprzak, A., Banasik, N., & Forys-Nogala, M.
(2017) How does L1 and L2 exposure impact L1 performance in bilingual children? Evidence from Polish-English migrants to the United Kingdom. Frontiers in Psychology 4 September. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harada, T.
(2007) The production of voice onset time (VOT) by English-speaking children in a Japanese immersion program. IRAL – International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 45(4), 1–27.Google Scholar
Harley, B.
(1992) Patterns of second language development in French immersion. Journal of French Language Studies, 2, 159–183. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harley, B., Allen, P., Cummins, J., & Swain, M.
(1991) The development of second language proficiency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hazan, V. L., & Boulakia, G.
(1993) Perception and production of a voicing contrast by French-English bilinguals. Language and Speech, 1, 17–38. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ingvalson, E. M., Ettlinger, M., & Wong, P. C. M.
(2014) Bilingual speech perception and learning: A review of recent trends. International Journal of Bilingualism, 18(1), 34–46. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kager, R., Van der Feest, S., Fikkert, P., Kerkhoff, A., & Zamuner, T.
(2007) Representations of [voice]: Evidence from acquisition. In E. J. van der Torre & J. van de Weijer (Eds.), Voicing in Dutch, (pp. 41–80). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Keating, P.
(1984) Phonetic and phonological representation of stop consonant voicing. Language, 60, 286–319. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lisker, L., & Abramson, A. S.
(1964) A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: Acoustical measurements. Word, 20(3), 384–422. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
MacKay, I. R. A., Flege, J. E., Piske, T., & Schirru, C.
(2001) Category restructuring during second-language speech acquisition. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 110(1), 516–528. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McCarthy, K. M., Mahon, M., Rosen, S., & Evans, B. G.
(2014) Speech perception and production by sequential bilingual children: A longitudinal study of voice onset time acquisition. Child Development, 85(5), 1965–1980.Google Scholar
Medina, V., Hoonhorst, I., Bogliotti, C., & Serniclaes, W.
(2010) Development of voicing perception in French: Comparing adults, adolescents, and children. Journal of Phonetics, 38(4), 493–503. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mougeon, R., Rehner, K., & Nadasdi, T.
(2004) The learning of spoken French variation by immersion students from Toronto. Canada Journal of Sociolinguistics, 8(3), 408–432. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mougeon, R., & Rehner, K.
(2001) Acquisition of sociolinguistic variants by French immersion students: The case of restrictive expressions, and more. Modern Language Journal, 85(3), 398. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Newman, R.
(2003) Using links between speech perception and speech production to evaluate different acoustic metrics: A preliminary report. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113, 2850–2860. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Netelenbos, N., Li, F., & Rosen, N.
(2016) Stop consonant production of French immersion students in Western Canada: A study of voice onset time. International Journal of Bilingualism. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Paradis, J., & Navarros, S.
(2003) Subject realization and crosslinguistic interference in the bilingual acquisition of Spanish and English: What is the role of the input? Journal of Child Language, 30, 371–393. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pawley, C.
(1985) How bilingual are French immersion students? The Canadian Modern Language Review, 41, 865–876. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Picard, M.
(2001) Phonetics and phonology for ESL and TESL teachers: Comparing Canadian English and French. Montreal: Concordia University.Google Scholar
Psychology Software Tools, Inc. [E-Prime 2.0]
(2012) Retrieved from http://​www​.pstnet​.com> (11 June 2020).
Ryalls, J., & Larouche, A.
(1992) Acoustic integrity of speech production in children with moderate and severe hearing impairment. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 35(1), 88–95. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sancier, M. L., & Fowler, C. A.
(1997) Gestural drift in a bilingual speaker of Brazilian Portuguese and English. Journal of Phonetics, 25(4), 421–436. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schmidt, A., & Flege, J. E.
(1995) Effects of speaking rate changes on native and non-native production. Phonetica, 52(1), 41–54. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Selinker, L., Swain, M., & Dumas, G.
(1975) The interlanguage hypothesis extended to children. Language Learning, 25(1), 139–152. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stoel-Gammon, C., Williams, K., & Buder, E.
(1994) Cross-language differences in phonological acquisition: Swedish and American /t/. Phonetica, 51, 146–158. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sundara, M., Polka, L., & Baum, S.
(2006) Production of coronal stops by adult simultaneous bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 9(1), 97–114. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sundara, M., Polka, L., & Molnar, M.
(2008) Development of coronal stop perception: Bilingual infants keep pace with their monolingual peers. Cognition, 108, 232–242. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Swain, M.
(1985) Communicative competence: Some roles of comprehensible input and comprehensible output in its development. In S. M. Gass & C. Madden (Eds.), Input in second language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.Google Scholar
(1991) French immersion and its offshoots: Getting two for one. In B. Freed (Ed.), Foreign language acquisition: Research and the classroom. (pp. 91–103). Lexington, MA: Heath.Google Scholar
Swain, M., & Lapkin, S.
(1982) Evaluating bilingual education: A Canadian case study. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Tsukada, K., Birdsong, D., Bialystok, E., Mack, M. A., Sung, H., & Flege, J. E.
(2005) A developmental study of English vowel production and perception by native Korean adults and children. Journal of Phonetics, 33, 263–290. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Watson, I.
(1995) The effect of bilingualism on the acquisition of perceptual categories underlying the voicing contrast. In K. Elenius & P. Branderud (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (Vol. 2, pp. 710–713). Stockholm, Sweden.Google Scholar
Werker, J. F., & Hensch, T. K.
(2015) Critical periods in speech perception: New directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 66, 173–196. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wesche, M.
(2002) Early French immersion: How has the original Canadian model stood the test of time? In P. Burneister, T. Piske, & A. Rohde (Eds.), An Integrated view of language development (pp. 357–379). Trier: WVT Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.Google Scholar
Yeni-Komshian, G. H., Flege, J. E., & Liu, S.
(2000) Pronunciation proficiency in the first and second languages of Korean-English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3(2), 131–149. CrossrefGoogle Scholar