Medieval Mereology

| University of Manchester
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ISBN 9789060323182 | EUR 156.00 | USD 234.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027277992 | EUR 156.00 | USD 234.00
 
Mereology is the theory which deals with parts and wholes in the concrete sense, and this study follows its varied fortunes during the Middle Ages. Preliminary indications as to its metaphysical situation are followed by a brief sketch of Boethius' contribution. Peter Abelard, Gilbert of Poitiers, Clarembald of Arras, and Joscelin of Soissons are among the twelfth-century authors examined. The effect of the subsequent recovery of Aristotle's Metaphysica on Mereology is typified by sketches of the many and varied uses made of the latter by Aquinas. A brief sample of Buridanian treatment is followed by an account of those applications made under the umbrella of thirteenth-century comment on Aristotle's De Sophisticis Elenchis. The curiously original theories of Wyclif are brought to light, as also also samples from Walter Bruleigh, Nicholas of Paris, William of Ockham, and Paul of Venice. Readers interested in such subjects as logic, metaphysics, philosophy, theology, linguistics, pyschology, and their history, will find the work relevant to their studies. No logical symbolism is used in the main body of the book, but some contemporary background is appended so that those who wish to do so may follow it up.
[Bochumer Studien zur Philosophie, 16]  1991.  xxv, 609 pp.
Publishing status: Available | Original publisher: B.R. Grüner Publishing Company
Table of Contents
Preface
xi
Coded Booklist
xvii
0. Introduction: Mereology, Metaphysics, and Speculative Grammar
1
0.1 Mereology, Ancient and Contemporary
1
0.2 Medieval Mereology and Metaphysics
2
0.3 Intimations of Speculative Grammar
10
0.4 The Grammar of Quiddity and Universals
14
0.5 The Grammar of Parthood
20
0.6 Unity of Medieval and Contemporary Approaches
21
0.7 Summary
30
1. The Early Medieval Inheritance
32
1.1 Aims and Method
32
1.2 Assets for Exploitation
34
1.3 Boethius on Division
37
1.4 X-parts and Parts-of-X
46
1.5 The Scandal of the Non-Discrete Singular
56
1.6 Temporal Parts
61
1.7 Conclusion
62
2. Abelard and his Contemporaries
64
2.1 Historical Preliminary
64
2.2 Some Crucial Distinctions
65
2.3 Parts-of-X and X-Parts
79
2.4 Identity and Principal Parts
92
2.5 Increase and Decrease
116
2.6 The Temporal Dimension
139
2.7 Master Peter's Mereology
151
2.8 Porretan Mereological Scandals
180
2.9 Concluding Remarks on Section 2
217
3. Aquinas: Mereological Aspects
218
3.1 Metaphysical Background
218
3.2 Wholes and Parts
229
3.3 Further Precisions
254
3.4 Anatomy of the Soul
279
3.5 Attributions and Actions
313
3.6 Resurrection and Identity
317
3.7 Natural and Artificial
321
4. Some Buridanian Theses
329
5. The DE Sophisticis Elenchis in the Thirteenth Century
341
5.1 Introduction
341
5.2 Integral and Universal
343
5.3 Attributions: from secundum quid to simpliciter
344
5.4 Mereology and Manifolds
356
5.5 Around the Liar Paradox
372
6. Wyclif's Deviant Mereology
383
6.1 A Wycliffian Work on Universals: General Prospectus
383
6.2 Parallels and Innovations
389
7. Categorematic and Syncategorematic
406
7.01 Transitional Introduction
406
7.1 Syncategoremata as Functors
417
7.2 Examples from Earlier Syncategoremata- Treatises
420
7.3 Nicholas of Paris on totus, ‘whole’
428
7.4 Nicholas of Paris on Exceptives
443
7.5 Ockham on Integral Wholes
453
8. Venetian Harvest
462
8.01 Paul of Venice: Life and Style
462
8.02 Scope of the Present Treatment
462
8.03 References and Cross-References
463
8.04 Edition and Translation Policies
464
8.05 The Categorematic/Syncategorematic Distinction
464
8.06 General Remarks on ‘Whole’ taken Syncategorematically
469
8.1 Truths Derived from the Syncategorematic ‘Whole’
472
8.2 Falsehoods Derived from the Syncategorematic ‘Whole’
475
8.31 Argument Against the Truth of [8.12]
479
8.32 Argument Against the Truth of [8.11]
480
8.33 Argument Against the Falsehood of [8.23]
481
8.41 Reply to Objection [8.31]
485
8.42 Reply to Objection [8.32]
489
8.431 First Reply to [8.33]
491
8.4311 Criticism of [8.431]
493
8.4320 Second Reply to [8.33]
496
8.4321 First Counter-reply to the Destructivism of [8.4320]
497
8.4322 Second Counter-reply to [8.4320]
499
8.4323 Third Counter-reply to [8.4320]
500
8.4324 Final Three Counter-replies to [8.4320]
500
8.433 Third Reply to [8.33]
503
8.5 Objections to this Last Reply
505
8.6 Replies to these Last Objections
507
8.7 Final Reply
512
8.81 On ‘Whole’ taken Categorematically
518
8.82 Arguments against the Proposed Conventions
526
8.83 Replies to these Objections
530
8.9 Postscript to Paul of Venice
536
9. Situational Review
538
10. Presuppositional Explicitation
541
10.01 Prospectus
541
10.1 Some Protothetical Functors
545
10.2 Ontological Axiom, Definitions, and Theses
550
10.3 Mereology
578
10.4 Conclusion
590
Index of Names and Topics
592
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Subjects

Philosophy

Medieval philosophy
BIC Subject: HP – Philosophy
BISAC Subject: PHI000000 – PHILOSOPHY / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  91026920