Chapter published in:Translation in Knowledge, Knowledge in Translation
Edited by Rocío G. Sumillera, Jan Surman and Katharina Kühn
[Benjamins Translation Library 154] 2020
► pp. 189–208
The Leviathan and the woods
Translating forestry policies under Peter I of Russia
The formidable pace of reforms conducted by Peter I of Russia (1672–1725) caused a genuine struggle to construct an administrative language that would facilitate the sovereign power and collective actions. Peter’s politics of neologisms shaped national and cultural identity, and induced pedagogical and institutional discussions. My chapter examines how the state-supported procedures of translation helped build the legal frameworks of early Russian environmentalism. Translation is considered here as the process of translating legislation about forestry matters from German into Russian, but also as a transformation of practical knowledge about forestry according to foreign patterns. I argue that both processes could be analysed as a complex multifarious translation of texts and practices, and examine their role in administering the environmental policies of the early Russian Empire.
Keywords: legislative translation, forestry regulations, environmentalism, sustainability, Russian, practical knowledge, administration
Published online: 29 October 2020
2017 Petr Velikii kak zakonodatel’. Issledovanie zakonodatel'nogo protsessa v Rossii v epokhu reform pervoi chetverti XVIII veka [Peter the Great as the law-maker. An investigation of legislative process in Russia in the times of reforms of the first quarter of the eighteenth century] [1940-1944] . Moskva: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie.
2011 “Sprachvollzug: Kommunikation und Verwaltung [Government through language: communication and administration].” In Sprachvollzug im Amt. Kommunikation und Verwaltung im Europa des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts [Government through language in civil service. Communication and administration in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries], ed. by Peter Becker, 9–44. Bielefeld: Transcript.
Carlowitz, Hans Carl von
Goodman, Michael K. J.
Gouzevitch, Irina, and Dmitri Gouzevitch
1687 “Portrait of John Evelyn.” The Royal Society Picture Library. Accessed 05 10, 2017. URL: https://pictures.royalsociety.org/image-rs-9268.
Knoll, Martin, and Reinhold Reith
2013 “John Evelyn: The Forestry of Imagination.” Scholar Works at University of Montana. Wordsworth Circle. Accessed 05 1, 2017. http://scholarworks.umt.edu/eng_pubs/17.
2006 “Wald und Forst im Erzstift Salzburg. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der landesfürstlichen Forstgesetzgebung. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde [Woods and forests in the archbishopric of Salzburg: an article to the history of the princely forestry legislation. Communications of the society for the regional studies of Salzburg].” Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde, 167–176.
Piirainen, Ilpo Tapani
Stählin, Jacob von