Article published in:Subjects in Constructions – Canonical and Non-Canonical
Edited by Marja-Liisa Helasvuo and Tuomas Huumo
[Constructional Approaches to Language 16] 2015
► pp. 205–228
The world is raining
Meteorological predicates and their subjects in a typological perspective
The peculiar semantic properties of meteorological predicates have linguistic consequences. Some of these consequences concern their subjects, which do not behave like prototypical subjects do. Meteorological predicates often lack a subject, and in the languages where they do have subjects they are non-referential, non-topical, indefinite, inanimate or non-agentive entities. They are typically either expletive elements or lexical elements referring to the spatial, temporal or atmospheric background, i.e. elements which would otherwise have been encoded as adverbial phrases. Although the nominative – or some other kind of zero marking – and default agreement marking (3rd person, singular number, neuter gender) are typical of these subjects, the study argues that they display special behavior which distinguishes them from canonical cases.
Published online: 14 January 2015
De Reuse, Willem J., & Goode, Phillip
Eriksen, Pål K., Kittilä, Seppo & Kolehmainen, Leena
Finnish Text Collection. Selection of electronic research material that contains written Finnish newspaper texts from 1990’s
Compiled by: The Research Institute for the Languages of Finland, The Department of General Linguistics at the University of Helsinki and The Foreign Languages Department of the University of Joensuu. Available through: CSC – IT Center for Science, http://www.csc.fi.
(2001) Contraintes de structures et liberté dans l’organisation du discours. Une description du mwotlap, langue océanienne du Vanuatu. Doctoral thesis in linguistics, Université Paris-IV Sorbonne.
(2004) Zur Valenz der Witterungsverben: dt. regnen, engl. to rain, fr. pleuvoir, it. piovere, pt. chover und sp. llover. In Alberto Gil et al., (Eds.), Romanische Sprachwissenschaft. Zeugnisse für Vielfalt und Profil eines Faches. Festschrift für Christian Schmitt zum 60. Geburtstag (pp. 35–58). Band II. Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang.
Keenan, Edward L
Langacker, Ronald W
Mosel, Ulrike & Hovdhaugen, Even
Thráinsson, Höskuldur, Petersen, Hjalmar P., Jacobsen, Jógvan í Lon, & Hansen, Zakaris Svabo
Watkins, Laurel J., & McKenzie, Parker
Cited by 3 other publications
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