Two putative functions of emotion experience — its roles in intentional action and in social understanding — were investigated using a group of individuals (repressors) known to have impaired anxiety experience. Repressors, low-anxious, high-anxious, and defensive high-anxious individuals were asked to give a public presentation, and then given the opportunity to avoid the presentation. Repressors were the group most likely to avoid giving the presentation, but were the least likely to give an emotional explanation for their avoidance. By contrast, they were not less likely than other groups to provide negative emotional explanations of another person’s behaviour in a film clip. We concluded that: (1) repressors are impaired in self- but not in other-explanation using emotion, implying that “simulation” is not the method used by repressors to ground their folk psychology, (2) the intentional avoidance shown by repressors is indicative of some intact first-order phenomenal anxiety experience but that they lack second-order awareness of this anxiety experience.
Derakshan, Nazanin, Michael W. Eysenck & Lynn B. Myers
2007. Emotional information processing in repressors: The vigilance–avoidance theory. Cognition & Emotion 21:8 ► pp. 1585 ff.
Krahé, Barbara, Ingrid Möller, Anja Berger & Juliane Felber
2011. Repression Versus Sensitization in Response to Media Violence as Predictors of Cognitive Avoidance and Vigilance. Journal of Personality 79:1 ► pp. 165 ff.
Lambie, John A.
2008. On the irrationality of emotion and the rationality of awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 17:3 ► pp. 946 ff.
Lambie, John A.
2009. Emotion Experience, Rational Action, and Self-Knowledge. Emotion Review 1:3 ► pp. 272 ff.
Lindblom, Jallu, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marjo Flykt, Mervi Vänskä, Tapio Nummi, Jari Sinkkonen, Aila Tiitinen & Maija Tulppala
2016. Early Family Relationships Predict Children’s Emotion Regulation and Defense Mechanisms. SAGE Open 6:4 ► pp. 215824401668139 ff.
Myers, Lynn B.
2010. The importance of the repressive coping style: findings from 30 years of research. Anxiety, Stress & Coping 23:1 ► pp. 3 ff.
Myers, Lynn B. & Nazanin Derakshan
2015. The relationship between two types of impaired emotion processing: repressive coping and alexithymia. Frontiers in Psychology 6
Oskis, A., N. Smyth, M. Flynn & A. Clow
2019. Repressors exhibit lower cortisol reactivity to group psychosocial stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology 103 ► pp. 33 ff.
2005. Affective consciousness: Core emotional feelings in animals and humans. Consciousness and Cognition 14:1 ► pp. 30 ff.
Saeedi, Zoha, Nima Ghorbani, Arista Shojaeddin & Mahdi Reza Sarafraz
2023. The experience of pain among patients who suffer from chronic pain: The role of suppression and mindfulness in the pain sensitivity and the autonomic nervous system activity. Current Psychology 42:18 ► pp. 15539 ff.
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