Article published in:On the Role of Pragmatics in Construction Grammar
Edited by Rita Finkbeiner
[Constructions and Frames 11:2] 2019
► pp. 193–219
Code, inference and cue too
Utterance interpretation involves semantically specified codes and context-based pragmatic inferences, which complement each other. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate the very complex relation between a subset of codes, Goldbergian constructions, specifically ones centering around ‘alternativity’, and pragmatic inferences. I analyze a variety of or constructions and sub-constructions, emphasizing not only the role of coded constructions on the one hand, and of inferences, on the other hand, but also of cues, namely, linguistic forms that bias towards a specific interpretation, although they do not encode that interpretation. The synchronic variability with respect to the relative contribution of code, inference and cue reflects a grammaticization cycle whereby codes (here constructions) are routinely enriched by inferences, often supported by cues, which in turn may evolve into new codes (here sub-constructions).
- 2.Inferring alternativity
- 3.The core or construction and its inferred readings
- 4.Complex core constructions
- 5.Specialized sub-constructions
- 5.1 Or something like that
- 5.2The ascending consecutive numeral sub-construction
- 5.3Two Hamlet or sub-constructions
- 5.3.1 The Dilemma or sub-construction
- 5.3.2 The hybrid or not to be sub-construction
- 6.Constructions: Code, inference and cue too
Published online: 07 November 2019
Barðdal, J., Smirnova, E., Sommerer, L., & Gildea, S.
Du Bois, J. W., Chafe, W. L., Meyer, C., Thompson, S. A., Englebretson, R., & Martey, N.
submitted). Defaultness vs. Constructionism: The case of default constructional sarcasm and default non-constructional literalness. In H. Colston, G. Steen, & T. Matlock Eds. Metaphor in language, cognition, and communication (MiLCC) Amsterdam John Benjamins
Giora, R., Givoni, S., & Fein, O.
Langacker, R. W.
Mauri, C., & Van der Auwera, J.
Prince, E. F.
Stefanowitsch, A., & Gries, S. Th.
Traugott, E. C., & Dasher, R. B.
Cited by 2 other publications
No author info given
Georgakopoulos, Thanasis, Eliese-Sophia Lincke, Kiki Nikiforidou & Anna Piata
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