To be specified published in:Landscapes of Realism: Rethinking literary realism in comparative perspectives. Volume II: Pathways through realism
Edited by Svend Erik Larsen, Steen Bille Jørgensen and Margaret R. Higonnet
[Comparative History of Literatures in European Languages XXXIII] 2022
► pp. 751–882
This core essay directly tackles the dissemination and migration of realist practices beyond the boundaries of Europe (and back), along pathways that are not just linear but rather radiate in many directions and foster circulation and dialogue. The traveling practices are carried by migratory moves of people and with them texts, values and worldviews, as well as by modern technologies and in cultural contexts generated by conflicts and wars. The essay focuses explicitly on the consequences of colonialism and globalization by selecting migration as a representative topic, also in its entanglement with war. Migration influences the experience of place and the role of language in hybrid environments which gives prominence to translation as a contextualized dialogic rewriting. Unlike previous ostensibly purist studies of realist practices that travel, this essay attends to the hybridization of indigenous traditions and cultural epistemologies faced with external norms and worldviews, and also with the consequences of war taking literatures on experiences during the First World War as concrete examples. Such encounters can stimulate innovation through adaptation and appropriation; they also travel onward to stimulate transformation of other literatures. The worlding of realism, then, attends to the play of intertextuality, recovery and resistance which, at each encounter, disseminate and transform realism. The goal of this examination of alternative and variegated emergent realist practices is to engage with coexisting forms of realism across the globe and critical practices and their impact on what we today recognize as realist.
Keywords: realism, worlding, place, language, dialogue, translation, migration, First World War, cosmology, cyberspace
- 1.Worlding and realism
- 2.Literature of migration
- 2.1Reconceptualizing migration
- 3.Across the pacific
- 3.1Realism of projection
- 3.2Realism of exchange
- 4.The world at war
- 4.1Cosmopolitan dialogues through new media
- 4.2Voices at first-hand: Soldiers
- 4.3Truth of things
- 4.4Medical realism
- 4.5Writing back from the colonies
- 5.“A second tradition” for “translated men”
- 5.1Place: Troubled homes
- 5.1.2The haunted land
- 5.1.3The empty house
- 5.1Place: Troubled homes
- 6.Language: In the contact zones
- 6.1Translation as cultural interaction
- 6.2Tackling the language barriers
- 6.2.1The competence barrier
- 6.2.2The institutional barrier
- 6.2.3The normative barrier
- 6.2.4Lost in translation
- 6.2.5Crossing languages and cultures
- 7.Coda: Different realities, alternative realist practices
- 7.1African spirits and digital identities
- 7.2Trapped in cyberspace
- 7.3The question remains
Published online: 16 March 2022
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