Invariance, Markedness and Distinctive Feature Analysis

A contrastive study of sign systems in English and Hebrew

HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027236142 (Eur) | EUR 130.00
ISBN 9781556195655 (USA) | USD 195.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027276742 | EUR 130.00 | USD 195.00
 
This volume provides a new kind of contrastive analysis of two unrelated languages — English and Hebrew — based on the semiotic concepts of invariance, markedness and distinctive feature theory. It concentrates on linguistic forms and constructions which are remarkably different in each language despite the fact that they share the same familiar classifications and labels. Tobin demonstrates how and why traditional and modern syntactic categories such as grammatical number; verb tense, aspect, mood and voice; conditionals and interrogatives; etc., are not equivalent across languages. It is argued that these so-called universal concepts function differently in each language system because they belong to distinct language-specific semantic domains which are marked by different sets of semantic features. The data used in this volume have been taken from a wide range of both spoken and written discourse and texts reflecting people's actual use of language presented in their relevant linguistic and situational contexts.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 111]  1994.  xxii, 406 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
List of figures
xi
List of tables
xiii
Preface
xvii
Part I: Theoretical and Methodological Background
1. The sign-oriented approach
3
2. The sign-oriented model
31
Part II: Semantic Integrality
3. Semantic Integrality
71
4. Possessive constructions in English and Hebrew
119
5. Contractions in English
153
Part III: Process and Result in Language
6. Troublesome lexical pairs in English
181
7. Troublesome lexical pairs in Hebrew
201
8. The Hebrew root and conjugation (binyan) systems
241
Part IV: Specification in Language
9. Here, now and where in English and Hebrew
289
10. Interrogatives in English and Hebrew
313
Notes
363
List of references
375
Name Index
393
Subject Index
397
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  94024557