Chinese Dialect Classification

A comparative approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu

| Rutgers University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027236944 (Eur) | EUR 120.00
ISBN 9781556199653 (USA) | USD 180.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027284334 | EUR 120.00 | USD 180.00
 
This volume is an investigation and classification of dialects along the Wu and Jiang-Hwai Mandarin border in China's eastern Yangtze Valley. It is the first monograph-length study to critically question the traditional single criterion of initial voicing for the classification of Wu dialects and propose a comprehensive comparative framework as a more successful alternative. Arguing that dialect affiliation is best determined through analysis of dialect correspondence to common phonological systems, the author develops a taxonomic analysis that definitively distinguishes Common Northern Wu and Mandarin dialects. By clarifying dialect affiliation in the Wu and Mandarin border region, this volume makes significant contributions to our understanding of the true nature of the region's dialects and their history.
Using primarily data drawn from the author's own fieldwork, the volume contains copious comparative examples and an extensive lexicon of the Old Jintarn dialect.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 188]  1999.  xviii, 317 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
v
Introduction
ix
Map
xviii
Chapter 1: The Problem of Harngjou
1
0. Brief background
1
1. The Mandarin nature of Harngjou phonology
2
2. The Mandarin nature of Harngjou lexicon
15
3. Harngjou's Wu-like tendencies
25
Chapter 2: Identifying Wu Dialects
28
0. The goal
28
1. Some previous definitions of Wu dialect affiliation
29
2. Classifying Wu dialects by reference to a common phonology
38
3. The problems with Chiehyunn based classification
40
Chapter 3: Common Northern Wu
50
0. Preliminaries
50
1. Common initial categories
51
2. Common tone categories
56
3. Common final categories
57
4. Common distinctions
59
5. Wu characteristics and the common system
68
6. A refurbished set of diagnostic criteria
77
7. A Mandarin-Wu taxonomic key for Jiangsu and Jehjiang
79
Chapter 4: Jintarn: The City and its Dialects
83
0. Brief background
83
1. The history of Jintarn
83
2. The current dialect situation: Old and New Jintarn
84
3. My Old Jintarn informant
88
4. Old Jintarn phonology
89
Chapter 5: Old Jintarn and Danyang: Their Common System and Correlation with Common Northern Wu (CNW)
102
0. Preliminaries
102
1. Comparison of their initials
103
2. Comparison of Old Jintarn and Danyang initials to CNW
105
3. Comparison of their finals
107
4. Comparison of Old Jintarn and Danyang finals to CNW
121
5. Danyang and Jintarn tone categories compared
127
6. Comparison of Old Jintarn and Danyang tones to CNW
129
7. Implications of the Jintarn/Danyang reflection of CNW
134
Chapter 6: A Demonstration of the Taxonomic Procedure
135
0. Introduction
135
1. Check for Mandarin affiliation
137
2. Confirm and characterize Wu affiliation
142
3. Verify affiliation with the Tayhwu group
164
4. Review and evaluation of the results
165
Chapter 7: Concluding Observations
170
0. Outline of the findings
170
1. Voiced obstruents as a taxonomically insignificant feature
171
2. Comparative characterization in terms of a common system
172
3. A taxonomy for CNW where it borders Mandarin
177
4. The Old Jintarn-Danyang subset of Common Northern Wu
178
5. Looking again at Harngjou and beyond
179
References
182
Appendix 1: Informants
190
Appendix 2: Old Jintarn Syllabary
191
Appendix 3: Old Jintarn Lexicon
195
Appendix 4: English to Old Jintarn Glossary
265
Index
310
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General