Australian Languages

Classification and the comparative method

Editors
| Harvard University
| Australian National University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027247612 (Eur) | EUR 125.00
ISBN 9781588115126 (USA) | USD 188.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027295118 | EUR 125.00 | USD 188.00
 
This book addresses controversial issues in the application of the comparative method to the languages of Australia which have recently come to international prominence. Are these languages ‘different’ in ways that challenge the fundamental assumptions of historical linguistics? Can subgrouping be successfully undertaken using the Comparative Method? Is the genetic construct of a far-flung ‘Pama-Nyungan’ language family supportable by classic methods of reconstruction? Contrary to increasingly established views of the Australian scene, this book makes a major contribution to the demonstration that traditional methods can indeed be applied to these languages. These studies, introduced by chapters on subgrouping methodology and the history of Australian linguistic classification, rigorously apply the comparative method to establishing subgroups among Australian languages and justifying the phonology of Proto-Pama-Nyungan. Individual chapters can profitably be read either for their contribution to Australian linguistic prehistory or as case studies in the application of the comparative method.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 249]  2004.  xii, 377 pp. (incl. CD-Rom)
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
vii
Map
viii
Contributor’s addresses
ix
Foreword
Lyle Campbell
xi
Introduction: subgrouping methodology in historical linguistics
Claire Bowern and Harold Koch
1
A methodological history of Australian linguistic classification
Harold Koch
17
Pama-Nyungan as a genetic entity
Luisa Miceli
61
The coherence and distinctiveness of the Pama-Nyungan language family within the Australian linguistic phylum
Geoffrey O’Grady and Kenneth L. Hale
69
Pama-Nyungan: phonological reconstruction and status as a phylogenetic group
Barry Alpher
93
The Arandic subgroup of Australian languages
Harold Koch
127
The Ngumpin-Yapa subgroup
Patrick McConvell and Mary Laughren
151
Thura-Yura as a subgroup
Jane Simpson and Luise Hercus
179
The Yarli languages
Luise Hercus and Peter Austin
207
Evolution of the verb conjugations in the Ngarna languages
Gavan Breen
223
The failure of the evidence of shared innovations in Cape York Peninsula
Paul Black
241
Diagnostic similarities and differences between Nyulnyulan and neighbouring languages
Claire Bowern
269
Revisiting Proto-Mirndi
Ian Green and Rachel Nordlinger
291
Stem forms and paradigm reshaping in Gunwinyguan
Brett Baker
313
Combined references
341
Language index
365
Subject index
373
Appendices
379
“This volume critically assesses interrelationships between Australian languages in the light of the most recent descriptive data and a detailed understanding of the most recent developments in the comparative method. The result is a wonderfully detailed and convincing rebuttal of claims that Australian languages have been subject to different kinds of forces.”
“[...] a strong volume of reconstruction, sophisticated in its methodology and successful in its application.”
“It's by far the best statement I've ever seen on issues of subgrouping methodology; [...] it would be ideal for assignment to students of historical linguistics who need to know about these issues. It is also, of course, a valuable introduction to the issues for specialists in Australian historical linguistics.”
“This book marks a coming of age of Australian historical linguistics. It is the first concerted attempt by Australianists to apply the classical comparative method to the core issues of subgrouping, reconstruction and diffusion and it does so with considerable success.”
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Bowern, Claire
2010. Correlates of Language Change in Hunter-Gatherer and Other ‘Small’ Languages. Language and Linguistics Compass 4:8  pp. 665 ff. Crossref logo
Bowern, Claire
2010. Historical linguistics in Australia: trees, networks and their implications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365:1559  pp. 3845 ff. Crossref logo
Friedlaender, Jonathan, Theodore Schurr, Fred Gentz, George Koki, Françoise Friedlaender, Gisele Horvat, Paul Babb, Sal Cerchio, Frederika Kaestle, Moses Schanfield, Ranjan Deka, Ric Yanagihara & D. Andrew Merriwether
2005. Expanding Southwest Pacific Mitochondrial Haplogroups P and Q. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22:6  pp. 1506 ff. Crossref logo
Harvey, Mark
2009. The Genetic Status of Garrwan. Australian Journal of Linguistics 29:2  pp. 195 ff. Crossref logo
Koch, Harold, Robert Mailhammer, Robert A. Blust, Claire Bowern, Don Daniels, Alexandre François, Simon J. Greenhill, Brian D. Joseph, Lawrence A. Reid, Malcolm D. Ross & Paul J. Sidwell
2014. Research priorities in historical-comparative linguistics: A view from Asia, Australia and the Pacific. Diachronica 31:2  pp. 267 ff. Crossref logo
McConvell, Patrick & Claire Bowern
2011. The Prehistory and Internal Relationships of Australian Languages. Language and Linguistics Compass 5:1  pp. 19 ff. Crossref logo
McGregor, William B.
2014.  In Events, Arguments, and Aspects [Studies in Language Companion Series, 152],  pp. 301 ff. Crossref logo
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2015.  In Language Structure and Environment [Cognitive Linguistic Studies in Cultural Contexts, 6],  pp. 261 ff. Crossref logo
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Simpson, Jane & Gillian Wigglesworth
2019. Language diversity in Indigenous Australia in the 21st century. Current Issues in Language Planning 20:1  pp. 67 ff. Crossref logo
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2015. Early Descriptions of Pama-Nyungan Ergativity. Historiographia Linguistica 42:2-3  pp. 335 ff. Crossref logo
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2008. Australian languages: A singular vision. Journal of Linguistics 44:2  pp. 471 ff. Crossref logo
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2014.  In Language Description Informed by Theory [Studies in Language Companion Series, 147],  pp. 49 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 29 november 2019. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Additional web materials

Appendixes

Ch. 1 Introduction: subgrouping methodology in historical linguistics
Claire Bowern and Harold Koch

  1. Guidelines from the subgrouping workshop, Melbourne 2001

Ch. 4 The coherence and distinctiveness of the Pama-Nyungan language family within the Australian linguistic phylum
Geoff O'Grady and †Ken Hale

  1. Cognate density map
  2. Proto-Pama-Nyungan initials and their putative reflexes

Ch. 5 Pama-Nyungan: phonological reconstruction and status as a phylogenetic group
Barry Alpher

  1. Pama-Nyungan etyma
  2. Hypothesised phonological developments in some individual Pama-Nyungan languages of the Southeast
  3. Sources consulted in the compilation of Appendix Ch. 5:1, 2

Ch. 6 The Arandic subgroup of Australian languages
Harold Koch

  1. Proto-Arandic vocabulary

Ch. 8 Thura-Yura as a subgroup
Jane Simpson and Luise Hercus

  1. Thura-Yura birth-order names
  2. Thura-Yura comparative vocabulary

Ch. 9 The Yarli languages
Luise Hercus and Peter Austin

  1. Yarli comparative vocabulary

Ch. 10 Evolution of the verb conjugations in the Ngarna languages
Gavan Breen

  1. Comparative table of Ngarna nominals
  2. Comparative table of Ngarna verbs
  3. Comparative table of Ngarna pronouns

Ch. 11 The failure of the evidence of shared innovations in Cape York Peninsula
Paul Black

  1. Map of Cape York languages

Ch. 12 Diagnostic similarities and differences between Nyulnyulan and neighbouring languages
Claire Bowern

  1. Residue comparative vocabulary
  2. Nyulnyulan indirect object clitic data
  3. Nyulnyulan case markers

Ch. 14 Stem forms and paradigm reshaping in Gunwinyguan
Brett Baker

  1. Further relationships within Gunwinyguan
Subjects

Electronic/Multimedia Products

Electronic/Multimedia Products
BIC Subject: CFF – Historical & comparative linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2004041132