Article published in:Grammar from the Human Perspective: Case, space and person in Finnish
Edited by Marja-Liisa Helasvuo and Lyle Campbell
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 277] 2006
► pp. 173–207
Person in Finnish
Paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations in interaction
The paper by Marja-Liisa Helasvuo and Lea Laitinen provides an overview to person marking in Finnish. It aims to contribute to resolving some of the long-standing confusions surrounding how person has been dealt with in Finnish grammar. In Finnish, the predicate verb agrees with the subject in person (1st, 2nd and 3rd) and number (singular : plural). The verb thus shows the same person as the nominal subject, and therefore, the nominal and the verbal person marking systems have usually not been discussed separately in Finnish linguistics (see for example Sulkala and Karjalainen 1992, Hakulinen and Karlsson 1979). Helasvuo and Laitinen show, however, that in colloquial varieties of Finnish the coding of person is more complicated. The verbal and nominal person marking systems intersect, but not in the straightforward manner assumed in mainstream Finnish linguistics. The connections between the two form an intricate network. Helasvuo and Laitinen demonstrate that the verbal person marking is not copied from the subject pronoun in a mechanical way, nor is the personal pronoun redundant. They therefore find it useful to present the nominal and verbal person marking systems as two different paradigmatic systems. They also discuss how the two systems interrelate on the syntagmatic level.
Published online: 19 October 2006
Cited by 6 other publications
Helasvuo, Marja-Liisa & Maria Vilkuna
Huumo, Tuomas & Marja-Liisa Helasvuo
Jokela, Hanna & Helen Plado
Paananen, Jenny, Camilla Lindholm, Melisa Stevanovic, Taina Valkeapää & Elina Weiste
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