Article published in:Morphology and Meaning: Selected papers from the 15th International Morphology Meeting, Vienna, February 2012
Edited by Franz Rainer, Francesco Gardani, Hans Christian Luschützky and Wolfgang U. Dressler
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 327] 2014
► pp. 331–344
The canonical function of the deponent verbs in modern Greek
The present paper discusses deponent verbs in Modern Greek. Deponents are claimed to be idiosyncratic, non-canonical verbs representing a mismatch between morphology and syntax/semantics, as they are intransitive verbs exhibiting a morphological form, non-active, without there being an active transitive counterpart. Since non-active morphology is standardly associated with de-transitivization, deponents are taken to be exceptional in this respect. We compiled a deponent-verb corpus of Modern Greek and examined its morphological, syntactic and semantic structure. The results of this study revealed that most deponent predicates are actually reflexives/reciprocals, anticausatives and passives; thus, they instantiate verbal alternations which typically surface with non-active morphological marking. For this reason, we conclude that the morphology of deponent verbs in Modern Greek has, contrary to their traditional definition, a canonical function.
Published online: 27 February 2014
forthc.). “The Syntax of Roots in Transitivity Alternations: afto-/auto- Reflexives”. The Syntax of Roots and the Roots of Syntax ed. by Artemis Alexiadou, Hagit Borer & Florian Schäfer Oxford Oxford University Press
Alexiadou, Artemis, Elena Anagnostopoulou & Florian Schäfer
Alexiadou, Artemis & Gianina Iordăchioaia
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2001 “Two Classes of Double Object Verbs: The Role of Zero Morphology”. Progress in Grammar: Articles at the 20th Anniversary of the Comparison of Grammatical Models Group in Tilburg ed. by Marc van Oostendorp & Elena Anagnostopoulou. Electronic publication retrievable at: http://www.meertens.knaw.nl/books/progressingrammar/.
2002 Ηλεκτρονικ? αντ?στροφο λεξικ? της Ν?ας Ελληνικ?ς [Electronic Reverse Lexicon of Modern Greek]. Thessaloniki: Kentro Elinikis Glossas. Retrievable at: http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/reverse/index.html
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Baerman, Matthew, Greville G. Corbett, Dunstan Brown & Andrew Hippisley
2011 “Agents and Causers”. Paper presented at the Roots III Workshop. Jerusalem, June 2011.
van de Laar, Henri M.F.M.
Lavidas, Nikolaos & Dimitra Papangeli
2007 “Deponency in the Diachrony of Greek”. Baerman et al. , eds. 2007, 97–126.
Manney, Linda Joyce
Tsimpli, Ianthi Maria
Xu, Zheng, Mark Aronoff & Frank Anshen
2007 “Deponency in Latin”. Baerman, Corbett, Brown & Hippisley, eds. 2007, 127–143.
2004 Verbal Alternations in Greek: A Semantic Analysis. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Reading.
Cited by 4 other publications
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