Article published in:Variation within and across Romance Languages: Selected papers from the 41st Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), Ottawa, 5–7 May 2011
Edited by Marie-Hélène Côté and Eric Mathieu
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 333] 2014
► pp. 173–198
Polarity fronting in Romanian and Sardinian
We argue that some word order phenomena in Romanian and Sardinian are the result of a checking operation in the left periphery involving verum focus (i.e., focus on the polarity component of the sentence). In particular, this operation accounts for some word order patterns found in polar questions. In Romanian, polarity fronting is realized as head-movement of (V+)T+Σ to a higher peripheral head which bears a Focus-probe, which we identify as Fin. This licenses VS orders for predications in which VS is not allowed as a neutral order (i-level predicates, iteratives, generics). In Sardinian, an entire phrase headed by the lexical predicate (verbal non-finite form or non-verbal predicate) is fronted before the auxiliary. We argue that this order is obtained by two movement operations, head-raising of (V+)T+Σ to Foc and movement of the predicate phrase to SpecFoc. We also present the semantics of polarity focus, distinguishing several types of focus (informational, emphatic, contrastive).
Published online: 17 December 2014
Alexiadou, Artemis & Elena Anagnostopoulou
Blasco Ferrer, Eduardo
Devine, A.M. & Laurence D. Stevens
2004 “Négation et interrogation en sarde”. Paper presented at “Colloque Typologie des langues, universaux linguistiques: La négation et les énoncés non susceptibles d’être niés”. TYPO 4. Institut Universitaire de France.
Frampton, John & Sam Gutmann
2000 “Agreement is Feature Sharing”. Ms., Northeastern University.
Frampton, John & Sam Gutmann
Giurgea, Ion & Eva-Maria Remberger
2009 “Postverbal Subjects in Romance Null-Subject Languages: Information-structural conditions and variation”. Paper presented at Going Romance, Nice, 3–5 December.
Gundel, Jeanette K.
1974 The Role of Topic and Comment in Linguistic Theory. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas.
Jones, Michael Allan
Laka, Miren Itziar
1990 Negation in Syntax: On the nature of functional categories and projections. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
2009 “Defective Probes? (No) agreement and (no) movement in Romance”. Paper presented at the Movement and Morphology Workshop at Leucorea, Wittenberg.
Mensching, Guido & Eva-Maria Remberger
1974 Existential Sentences in English. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT..
Pesetsky, David & Esther Torrego
1997 Licensing and Interpretation of Inverted Subjects in Italian. Ph.D. dissertation, Utrecht University.
Poletto, Cecilia & Jean-Yves Pollock
Romero, Maribel & Chung-Hye Han
2002 “Verum Focus in Negative Yes/No Questions and Ladd’s p /¬p Ambiguity”. Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory XII ed. by Brendan Jackson, 204–224. ITHACA, NY.: CLC Publications.
2007 The EPP and Null Subjects in Romance. Ph.D. dissertation, Newcastle University.
2009 The Syntax-Information Structure Interface: A comparative view from Romanian. Ph.D. dissertation, Université de Genève..
Tortora, Christina M.
Cited by 2 other publications
Cruschina, Silvio, Adam Ledgeway & Eva-Maria Remberger
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 february 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.